Obelisk of axum

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Obelisk of axum

  1. 1. Obelisk of Axum • King Ezana. • Basic facts and history. • Controversies.
  2. 2. Obelisk of Ezana • 1700 years old. • 70 ft. tall • 160 tons of granite • False doors & windows.
  3. 3. Obelisk of Axum • Underground burial chambers. • Large- Royal. • Small- Noble. • Fell due to structural collapse, earthquakes, & Ethiopian Adal War.
  4. 4. King Ezana 330-356 A.D. • Ruled after death of father. • Frumentius converted him to Christianity. • Grave marker idea comes into play
  5. 5. Obelisk of Axum • Broke into 5 pieces during 4th century. • 1935: Discovered by Italian soldiers. • Transported from Axum to Massawa. • 5 trips in 2 months
  6. 6. Obelisk of Axum • March 27, 1937: arrived in Naples by ship- Adua. • October 28, 1937: Rome: reassembled & placed in Porta Capena Square. • 15th anniversary of March on Rome. • Ugo Monneret de Villard.
  7. 7. Obelisk of Axum • 1947 UN agreement. • Prey of war returned in 1967. • Little action for 50 yrs. • Technical difficulties to transport.
  8. 8. Obelisk of Axum • Haile Sellassie grant Obelisk to Rome. • Too much to ship back. • 1972: Colonel Haile Mariam Mengistu asked for Obelisk. • April 1997: positive answer
  9. 9. Obelisk of Axum • Nov. 2003: taken apart. • Ship back March 2004. • Runway too short. • Roads too dangerous. • Access through Massawa impossible.
  10. 10. Obelisk of Axum • Delay: Italy claimed not enough money for return. • Italy tried to get help from U.S. • U.S. planes tied up. • Threated the Italian govt.
  11. 11. Obelisk of Axum • Runway was updated. • April 19, 2005: middle piece. • April 22, 2005: next piece. • April 25, 2005: final piece. • Remained in storage until reconstruction.
  12. 12. Obelisk of Axum • March 2007: foundation poured. • June 2008: reassembly began. • September 4th, 2008: unveiled. • Reconstructed to guarantee structural resistance.
  13. 13. Obelisk of Axum • History of King Ezana • History of Obelisk of Axum. • Controversies between Italy and Ethiopia.

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