Flora y fauna


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Flora y fauna

  1. 1. Flora and fauna of CartagenaFlora and fauna of Cartagena
  2. 2. The territory of Cartagena, inThe territory of Cartagena, in spite of the intense mining, touristspite of the intense mining, tourist and industrialand industrial exploitation that itexploitation that it has undergone for centuries,has undergone for centuries, shelters an extraordinary wealthshelters an extraordinary wealth and natural diversity. Anand natural diversity. An important part of the territory isimportant part of the territory is legally protected by differentlegally protected by different procedures.procedures.
  3. 3. Flora ofFlora of CartagenaCartagena
  4. 4. Cartagena and the particularities of itsCartagena and the particularities of its climate enable the presence of a greatclimate enable the presence of a great quantity of different species both fromquantity of different species both from Africa and Europe, concentrating one of theAfrica and Europe, concentrating one of the major biodiversities of the Iberianmajor biodiversities of the Iberian peninsula. The numerous African andpeninsula. The numerous African and European species are specially prominent,European species are specially prominent, present only on the southern coasts ofpresent only on the southern coasts of Spain (Murcia and Almería principally) asSpain (Murcia and Almería principally) as well as in the north of Africa. There is alsowell as in the north of Africa. There is also very noteworthy to point out the presencevery noteworthy to point out the presence of valuable species that exist only inof valuable species that exist only in Cartagena.Cartagena. The most representative species of the floraThe most representative species of the flora of Cartagena are the following:of Cartagena are the following:
  5. 5. Tetraclinis articulataTetraclinis articulata • The botanical jewel of the Region of Murcia. A cypress we can only find in Africa, on the Island of Malta and in Cartagena.
  6. 6. Maytenus senegalensisMaytenus senegalensis
  7. 7. Periploca angustifoliaPeriploca angustifolia •Another plant which is present on the coasts of Murcia and Almería.
  8. 8. Caralluma europaeaCaralluma europaea • One of two only cactaceae of Europe. Present on the coasts of Murcia and Almería. It lives on the islands of the Mar Menor and in the coastal mountain ranges .
  9. 9. Limonium carthaginenseLimonium carthaginense • Present in the mining mountains. Adapted to growing in soils with high concentration of heavy metals and salt.
  10. 10. Anthemis ChrysanthaAnthemis Chrysantha • A species from Africa on the verge of extinction, present in Dumps and The Azohía beach
  11. 11. narcissus tortifoliusnarcissus tortifolius • A type of narcissus adapted to arid climates. It is only found in Sorbas (Almería), Mazarrón and the West of Cartagena (Tallante)
  12. 12. Astragalus nitidiflorusAstragalus nitidiflorus • One of the most threatened species of the flora of Cartagena. Considered extinguished, it was re-revealed in 2004 by the biologist from Cartagena Sergio Martínez Mendoza. Nowadays a special program is carried out for its conservation.
  13. 13. .. Pinus halepensisPinus halepensis
  14. 14. Chamaerops humilisChamaerops humilis • This botanical wealth shapes one of the most important vegetable heritages of the Iberian Peninsula. The major concentration of biodiversity in the country of Cartagena can be seen in the coastal mountains , where dampness contributes to it. The fog from the sea - the so-called horizontal rain - mitigates the aridity of the climate in an important way .
  15. 15. Fauna ofFauna of CartagenaCartagena
  16. 16. • Mammals: The fox, the rabbit, the badger, the marten, the genet, the wild boar, the wild cat and the big horse-shoe bat , the latter on the verge of extinction.
  17. 17. The birdsThe birds
  18. 18. • The pecular falcon, royal owl, the golden eagle and the “perdicera” eagle, the Tachybaptus ruficollis, the calonectris diomedea , the oyster bed, the Himantopus himantopus, the stone curlew, the calidris alba, etc. In the salt mines of Calblanque and Marchamalo it is possible to find the presence of the common flamingoes and in the ‘Hormigas island’ and ‘Grosa island’ there are the ‘paiño europe’ as well as some of the major colonies of the world of the threatened gull of audouin. it The
  19. 19. the pecular falconthe pecular falcon
  20. 20. the royal owlthe royal owl
  21. 21. Reptiles: we consider theReptiles: we consider the “mora” tortoise, a protected“mora” tortoise, a protected species. In the mount Roldán Itspecies. In the mount Roldán It is possible to see the commonis possible to see the common chameleon, but it is not knownchameleon, but it is not known if it is an autochthonous or anif it is an autochthonous or an introduced speciesintroduced species
  22. 22. the “mora” tortoisethe “mora” tortoise
  23. 23. Fish: The most important fish of theFish: The most important fish of the fauna of Cartagena is the fartetfauna of Cartagena is the fartet (Aphanius iberus), endemic fish of the(Aphanius iberus), endemic fish of the south-east of Spain that lives in verysouth-east of Spain that lives in very salty waters. In Cartagena it is presentsalty waters. In Cartagena it is present in the salt mines of the Rasall inin the salt mines of the Rasall in Calblanque, in the Marchamalo saltCalblanque, in the Marchamalo salt mines, in the coast of the Carmolí andmines, in the coast of the Carmolí and in Lo Poyo salt marshin Lo Poyo salt marsh •
  24. 24. Aphanius iberusAphanius iberus
  25. 25. THE END
  26. 26. • Work done by: • Sara Belmonte • Marta Muñoz • Rocío Rojo • Francisco Vidal • Nerea García