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Pl art

  1. 1. Aggression motive in painting Prepared by Zuzanna Dziewiela
  2. 2. What is aggression? <ul><li>As Wikipedia says, aggression &quot;refers to behaviour between members of the same species that is intended to cause pain or harm. Predatory behaviour between members of one species towards another species is also described as &quot;aggression.&quot; Aggression takes a variety of forms among human beings, and it can be physical, mental, or verbal. &quot; 1 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Prehistory <ul><li>Beginnings of aggression can even be seen in prehistoric drawings discovered in caves. Scenes present there show us people fighting with wild animals and hunting. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>http:// i/ Lascaux_( Aquitaine ) </li></ul>
  5. 5. 15th/16th century <ul><li>Rafael Santi , also know n as Rafael Sanzio </li></ul><ul><li>St George fighting with a dragon - 1506 </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 7. 16th century <ul><li>Jacopo Tintoretto C ain killing Abel </li></ul><ul><li>(the first murder according to the Bible) </li></ul>
  8. 8. 17th century <ul><li>Rubens, Peter Paul </li></ul><ul><li>George fighting with a Dragon </li></ul><ul><li>(1606-1607) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. 18th/19th century <ul><li>Jacques-Louis David The Intervention of the Sabine Women </li></ul><ul><li>The picture shows fighting citizens; not only warriors, but also women and children. It is associated with a historical event from the history of Rome: Romulus gave an order to kidnap and marry women who came to the Olympics. It led to the conflict between the Sabines and Romans. The women are asking for the battles to be stopped. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s an example of war aggression. It also shows that aggression could be stopped: the evidence for it is an alliance which they have established. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 12. 18th/19th century <ul><li>Francisco de Goya y Lucientes </li></ul><ul><li>Figures refer to Napoleonic battles, which took place in Spain (1808-1814). The cycle is very realistic and explicit, reflecting citizens’ suffering. One of the most known paintings from the Cycle War Atrocities is The Third of May 1808 showing the Execution of Spanish Insurgents by Napoleonic Troops on 3rd May 1808 . It speaks against fighting and aggression, by showing how civilians are hurt. This work is still relevant. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 14. 18th/19th century <ul><li>Francisco de Goya y Lucientes </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn devouring one of his children </li></ul><ul><li>(mythological cannibalism) </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  16. 16. 18th/19th century <ul><li>Eugène Delacroix </li></ul><ul><li>Slaughter on Chios </li></ul><ul><li>(murder made by the Turkish on Greek people) </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  18. 18. 20th century <ul><li>The poster „WARA”, </li></ul><ul><li>which means aggressively „go out from here!” </li></ul><ul><li>( Germany’s invasion of Poland , </li></ul><ul><li>September Campaign 1939) </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  20. 20. Propaganda and posters <ul><li>„ Propaganda is neutrally defined as a systematic form of purposeful persuasion that attempts to influence the emotions, attitudes, opinions, and actions of specified target audiences for ideological, political or commercial purposes through the controlled transmission of one-sided messages (which may or may not be factual) via mass and direct media channels. ”   — Richard Alan Nelson, A Chronology and Glossary of Propaganda in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda is also part of aggression motive in painting. Unfortunately , posters used in it are often connected with the army and fighting. </li></ul>
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  23. 23. Bibliography <ul><li>http:// i/ Agression </li></ul><ul><li>http:// / Rafael_Santi </li></ul><ul><li> sredniowiecze </li></ul><ul><li>http:// /tekst/19121-20-co_sadzisz_o_narastajacej_przemocy_i_agresji_we_wspolczesnym_sw iecie </li></ul><ul><li>http:// i/Propaganda </li></ul><ul><li> motyw_agresji_w_malarstwie </li></ul>