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WHO IS ATATÜRK? Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesmen, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He is the most credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey.
WHY ATATÜRK? He pioneered the establishment of a new country that was strong, well-founded and akin to devolop all the time. It was a great achievement since he created a young and modern state from the ruins of an empire.
Mustafa was born in 1881, in Salonika, then a district of Ottoman Empire.
He is known all over the world with his determination for full independence of the nation and with his deep patriotism. And, Turkey as his great masterpiece is an evidence of this aspect of his character.
HIS EDUCATION Hafız Mehmet Efendi’s Neighborhood School (Salonika) Semsi Efendi School (Salonika) Salonka Junior High School for Civil Servants (Salonika) Millitary Junior High School (Salonika) Monastır Military Senior High School (Macedonia) Military College in Istanbul (Istanbul) Military Academy (Istanbul)
HIS PERSONALITY Genius Leadership Versatile Courage Educator Revolutionary Idealist Hard working Foreseeing Keen on freedom Philanthropy Peace-maker
HIS LEARNING INTERESTS As a child, he was especially proficient in the field of Mathematics, and in that he was unique among his peers . Also, he was interested in literature, history and military.
APPRECIATION He was a good student. He was highly appreciated by all of his teachers.
HIS LEARNING STYLE While searching and presenting Atatürk,his love of reading shouldn’t be ignored. It was a passion for him to read and search.He had a library that consisted of a wide variety of books. Owing to this vast library, reading was an important part of his daily life.He was reading books even at fronts during the wars.
Ataturk believed in the necessity of learning a foreign language. So he learnt French.With the support of close friends,he recognized French philosophers and he started to be interested in history and politics.
HIS MILITARY LIFE Atatürk’s enthusiastic patriotism was triggered during his high school years when Ottoman army won a victory over Greeks in 1897 but didn’t quite enjoy the benefits of this victory at peace table.
He joined the army as a young officer. He fought in famous Çanakkale (Dardanelles) Wars. Then he became the chief commander of the Turkish Independence War. Fighting on many fronts, he led his forces to victory against rebels and invading armies.
WARS OF ÇANAKKALE In 1915, when Çanakkale campaign was launched by colonising countries, Colonel Mustafa Kemal became a national hero by winning successive victories and finally repelling the invaders.
Atatürk understood well that the independence of the country wouldn’t be accomplished by Ottoman Sultanate. Thus, he decided to go to Anatolia. On May 19, 1919, Mustafa Kemal Pasha landed on the Black Sea port of Samsun to start the War of Independence.
Then, Atatürk invited all of his supporters to Ankara on the “19th of March 1920”, he opened the Turkish Grand National Assembly on the “23rd of April,1920”, which also determined the political regime of the new country.
He founded the new goverment.He made some revolutions. In 1934 the Turkish Grand National Assembly gave him the surname “ATATURK”, meaning “the father of Turks”.
ATATÜRK AS THE LEADER OF THE NEW REPUBLIC Firstly , Atatürk used education as a vehicle to reconstruct the nation and raise its cultural level and prosperity. Atatürk believed in the necessity of education.So he taught reading and writing to the nation.He was elected as the head teacher of nation. He wrote textbooks and gave lessons.
He abolished the Caliphate and made both government and education secular, gave equal rights to women with men and he took necessary measures to advance art, science, agriculture and industry.
The account of Atatürks fifteen year Presidency is a saga of modernization and development.With indefatigable determination, he created a new political and legal system.
ATATURK’S VIEWS ON SUCCESS AND EDUCATION Our true mentor in life is science. You must not exhaust against difficulty. Victory is for those who can say “Victory is mine”.Success is for those who can begin saying”I will succeed” and “I have succeeded” in the end. ‘Teachers are the ones and only people who can save nations.’ ‘Teachers! The new generation will be your revolution’
On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died. But his legacy to his people and to the world endures.His mausoleum is in Ankara.
Bibliograpy www.meb.gov.tr www.turkcebilgi.com www.kultur.gov.tr www.gizemlikapı.com www.isteataturk.com Telci Cemal(2010) Tarihi Değiştiren Lider, İstanbul:Simge Yayıncılık TURAN Şerafettin Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi,İstanbul: Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı Yayınları