Eurokid involves in the society needs theory


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Eurokid involves in the society needs theory

  1. 1. C Z E C H R E P U B L I C – I T A L Y – P O L A N D - T U R K E Y 2011-2013 Eurokid involves in the society needs Comenius Project Theory and Practice TRANSVERSAL COMPETENCES: TODAY’S SOLUTIONS FOR TOMORROW’S JOBS
  2. 2. 1 / VOLUNTEER’S GUIDE / Table of Contents: I. Introduction II. Legal limits for volunteering III. The advantages of volunteering IV. Ethical code for volunteering organizer and volunteer V. Competence acquired by volunteers VI. Volunteering options in partner countries I. INTRODUCTION Euro-kid is a name for a demographic of teenagers and young adults in Europe in the 21st Century. We can see changes of philosophical ideas, values, needs and methods of communication at present society and therefore an educational system its content and organization is also forced to adopt such changes. The aim of the multi-culture education is to eliminate barriers among children and youths with different culture by providing information about foreign cultures. That should lead them to appropriate communication. The idea of the project is: to help an imaginary person, en European child = Euro-kid (a student) to develop professionally and personally by undergoing of five levels: 1. Euro-kid learns 2. Euro-kid create its future 3. Euro-kid becomes a businessman 4. Euro-kid is involved into society needs
  3. 3. 2 5. Euro-kid celebrates culture differences The social needs in Maslow’s hierarchy include such things as love, acceptance and belonging. At this level, the need for emotional relationships drives human behavior. A person soldiering on with a serious illness, mentally or physically handicapped person or people in home for the elderly may tell you they depend on good doctors, latest treatments and a positive frame of mind. But it is more likely they will dwell on the support they have received from family, friends, their community, their church, their beliefs - or the lot. Important support is quite often provided by volunteering work. People who do this kind of work - volunteers need to have strong moral values, the ability to work in a team, and a social conscience. Volunteer work is work done not for profit. It contributes to a greater cause that is for the good of your fellow man and society in general. II. LEGAL LIMITS FOR VOLUNTEERING In the absence of a clear legal definition of what constitutes voluntary work and a volunteer, some laws and regulations can inadvertently have an impact on voluntary action. States should pay careful attention to the way in which international and domestic regulations can affect volunteerism in their country. Fundamental rights and freedoms International and domestic laws on fundamental rights and freedoms protect volunteers and delimit the legal scope of voluntary activity, when they provide for: • the right to free assembly and peaceful association; • the right not to be required to perform forced or compulsory labour; • the right to participate actively in the political, economic, cultural, and social life of the
  4. 4. 3 country; Social welfare and health care are areas where volunteering has traditionally been very strong. Although the State has ultimate responsibility in these sectors, in many countries citizen participation is considered to be of fundamental importance to help meet these needs. Laws regulating social welfare and health-related work have a considerable impact on volunteerism. Social welfare laws which have an impact on the nature of volunteer engagement can directly influence social inclusion and integration of certain social groups, such as the elderly, or members of migrant or ethnic minorities. There is no universal model for a legal definition of the terms “volunteer” and “volunteerism”. Different national laws and regulations establish different definitions, depending on traditions and culture. Sometimes, the absolute need for volunteer support leads to different definitions being used within a single country, depending on the circumstances. When considering the wording of these definitions, legislators should take care not to disregard the potential benefits of all existing kinds of voluntary activity. It is of paramount importance that a framework law on volunteerism provide the most comprehensive and flexible definitions possible for volunteers and voluntary activity. For example: • “Volunteerism is the group of activities carried out by individuals, associations or legal entities, for the common good, by free choice and without the intention of financial gain, outside the framework of any employment, mercantile or civil service relationship”; or • “A volunteer is an individual who, by free choice, offers his or her time, work and skills, occasionally or on a regular basis, without expectation of compensation, other than reimbursement of reasonable expenses and subsistence allowance necessary for the accomplishment of his or her assignments as a volunteer, for the public benefit, individually or within the framework of informal or officially registered non- governmental non-profit organizations or national or international public entities”. The legal definitions of volunteers and voluntary activity should allow for a clear distinction between what constitutes voluntary unpaid work and paid employment. Volunteers require legal treatment and protection distinguishable from that applicable
  5. 5. 4 to "paid workers". This is necessary to protect volunteers and the organizations in which they are involved from the potentially pernicious application of certain labour, social welfare and tax law provisions, as mentioned above. In this regard, the most important issue relates to the absence of financial reward for voluntary activity. III. THE ADVANTAGES OF VOLUNTEERING With busy lives, it can be hard to find time to volunteer. However, the benefits of volunteering are enormous to you, your family, and your community. The right match can help you find friends, reach out to the community, learn new skills, and even advance your career. Volunteering can also help protect your mental and physical health. Learn more about the many benefits of volunteering and find tips on getting started as a volunteer. One of the better-known benefits of volunteering is the impact on the community. Unpaid volunteers are often the glue that holds a community together. Volunteering allows you to connect to your community and make it a better place. However, volunteering is a two-way street, and it can benefit you and your family as much as the cause you choose to help. Dedicating your time as a volunteer helps you make new friends, expand your network, and boost your social skills. Volunteering connects you to others One of the better-known benefits of volunteering is the impact on the community. Unpaid volunteers are often the glue that holds a community together. Volunteering allows you to connect to your community and make it a better place. However, volunteering is a two-way street, and it can benefit you and your family as much as the cause you choose to help. Dedicating your time as a volunteer helps you make new friends, expand your network, and boost your social skills. Volunteering helps you make new friends and contacts One of the best ways to make new friends and strengthen existing relationships is to commit to a shared activity together. Volunteering is a great way to meet new people,
  6. 6. 5 especially if you are new to an area. Volunteering also strengthens your ties to the community and broadens your support network, exposing you to people with common interests, neighborhood resources, and fun and fulfilling activities. Volunteering increases your social and relationship skills While some people are naturally outgoing, others are shy and have a hard time meeting new people. Volunteering gives you the opportunity to practice and develop your social skills, since you are meeting regularly with a group of people with common interests. Once you have momentum, it’s easier to branch out and make more friends and contacts. Volunteering as a family While it might be a challenge to coordinate everyone’s schedules, volunteering as a family has many worthwhile benefits. Children watch everything you do. By giving back to the community, you show them firsthand how volunteering makes a difference and how good it feels to help others and enact change. It’s also a valuable way for you to get to know organizations in the community and find resources and activities for your children and family. Volunteering is good for your mind and body Volunteering provides many benefits to both mental and physical health.  Volunteering increases self-confidence. Volunteering can provide a healthy boost to your self-confidence, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. You are doing good for others and the community, which provides a natural sense of accomplishment. Your role as a volunteer can also give you a sense of pride and identity. And the better you feel about yourself, the more likely you are to have a positive view of your life and future goals.
  7. 7. 6  Volunteering combats depression. Reducing the risk of depression is another important benefit of volunteering. A key risk factor for depression is social isolation. Volunteering keeps you in regular contact with others and helps you develop a solid support system, which in turn protects you against stress and depression when you’re going through challenging times.  Volunteering helps you stay physically healthy. Volunteering is good for your health at any age, but it’s especially beneficial in older adults. Studies have found that those who volunteer have a lower mortality rate than those who do not, even when considering factors like the health of the participants. Volunteering has also been shown to lessen symptoms of chronic pain or heart disease. I have limited mobility - can I still volunteer? Whether due to a lack of transportation, time constraints, a disability or other reasons, many people prefer to volunteer via phone or computer. There are many projects where you can help. Writing and graphic design lends itself to working at home, and in today’s digital age many organizations might also need help with email and websites. If you think home-based volunteering might be right for you, contact organizations you like and ask what some of the possibilities might be. Some volunteer organizations may require you to attend an initial training or periodical meetings. You also want to make sure that you are getting enough social contact, and that the organization is available to support you should you have questions. Volunteering can advance your career If you’re considering a new career, volunteering can help you get experience in your area of interest and meet people in the field. Even if you’re not planning on changing careers, volunteering gives you the opportunity to practice important skills used in the
  8. 8. 7 workplace, such as teamwork, communication, problem solving, project planning, task management, and organization. You might feel more comfortable stretching your wings at work once you’ve honed these skills in a volunteer position first. Volunteering can provide career experience Volunteering offers you the chance to try out a new career without making a long-term commitment. It is also a great way to gain experience in a new field. In some fields, you can volunteer directly at an organization that does the kind of work you’re interested in. For example, if you’re interested in nursing, you could volunteer at a hospital or a nursing home. Your volunteer work might also expose you to professional organizations or internships that could be of benefit to your career. Volunteering can teach you valuable job skills Just because volunteer work is unpaid does not mean the skills you learn are basic. Many volunteering opportunities provide extensive training. For example, you could become an experienced crisis counselor while volunteering for a women’s shelter or a knowledgeable art historian while donating your time as a museum docent. Volunteering can also help you build upon skills you already have and use them to benefit the greater community. For instance, if you hold a successful sales position, you raise awareness for your favorite cause as a volunteer advocate, while further developing and improving your public speaking, communication, and marketing skills. When it comes to volunteering, passion and positivity are the only requirements While learning new skills can be beneficial to many, it’s not a requirement for a fulfilling volunteer experience. Bear in mind that the most valuable skills you can bring to any volunteer effort are compassion, an open mind, a willingness to do whatever is needed, and a positive attitude.
  9. 9. 8 Volunteering brings fun and fulfillment to your life Volunteering is a fun and easy way to explore your interests and passions. Doing volunteer work you find meaningful and interesting can be a relaxing, energizing escape from your day-to-day routine of work, school, or family commitments. Volunteering also provides you with renewed creativity, motivation, and vision that can carry over into your personal and professional life. Many people volunteer in order to make time for hobbies outside of work as well. For instance, if you have a desk job and long to spend time outdoors, you might consider volunteering to help plant a community garden, lead local hikes, or help at a children’s camp. IV. ETHICAL CODE FOR VOLUNTEERING ORGANIZER AND VOLUNTEER In order to further delimit and clarify the essential elements of voluntary activity, laws should foresee a set of general principles governing the development of volunteerism.22 Principles of volunteerism may vary significantly from country to country. Generally they include many of the following basic standards: • volunteers participate on the basis of freely-expressed consent; • volunteering is not compulsorily undertaken in order to receive pensions or government allowances; • volunteering is not carried out in expectation of any financial gain; • volunteering complements, but must not result in, the downsizing or replacement of paid employment; • volunteerism should be encouraged with a certain degree of autonomy from the public authorities, to safeguard its independence; • volunteering is a legitimate way in which citizens can participate actively in the development of community and social life and address human needs;
  10. 10. 9 • volunteers act for the common good and on the basis of a social commitment; • volunteering promotes human rights and equality; • volunteerism respects the rights, dignity and culture of the communities involved; • volunteer recruitment is based on equal opportunity and nondiscrimination; • volunteering is inspired by democratic, pluralistic, participative and caring social tenets. V. COMPETENCE ACQUIRED BY VOLUNTEERS Being a volunteer requires more than professional skills and experience. You will also need a unique set of personal competencies to cope with being in a new place and culture, to enable you to share skills, and to connect with the people around you. Integrity Maintains and promotes social, ethical and organisational norms. Managing stress Maintaining stable performance under pressure and/or opposition (eg, time pressure, job ambiguity); able to relieve stress in a manner acceptable to other people and the organisation or situation. Self-reliance and self-confidence A Volunteer should be able to confidently manage own affairs and look after own needs and possesses belief in self. Self-awareness Demonstrates an awareness of own strengths, limitations and personal values. Understands how own beliefs, thoughts and emotions influence behaviour and actions. Resilience Volunteer should be aware of personal signs of stress and able to respond positively to challenges and to recover quickly from disappointment, setbacks or rejection.
  11. 11. 10 Cross-cultural sensitivity Volunteer should remain open to all people regardless of race, religion or culture. Seeks opportunities to learn and understand other cultures. Volunteer should be able to communicate and interact effectively with people from different geographies and organisations. Working with and developing others Volunteer should have the ability to impress upon others a sense of humility, humour, friendliness and sensitivity. Establish cooperative relationships. Flexibility Volunteer should modify style and approach in order to achieve a specific objective(s) and adapts behaviours to meet the situational needs. Problem solving Demonstrates an ability to analyse a situation, to develop solutions to problems and implement the solutions. Achievement oriented Staying with a position or plan of action until the desired objective is achieved or is no longer reasonably attainable. VI. VOLUNTEERING OPTIONS IN PARTNER COUNTRIES In Europe, as in all developed nations, there is still a need for volunteers to help with social programs that help the disadvantaged. Despite the wealth of these nations, there are still always people who need more help than the system seems to provide. In most countries in Europe, there is volunteer work to be found with orphanages, food programs that feed the homeless, and affordable housing programs such as Habitat for Humanity. In many countries there are also volunteer programs where you can help with refugees. On the lighter side, countries like Romania and Poland, and even Greece and Portugal, have need of volunteers to teach English to children.
  12. 12. 11 Historical/Archaeological Volunteer Programs While the governments of countries in Europe do provide funds for the exploration, restoration, and maintenance of these sites, it is often not nearly enough to cover the costs that the site incurs. To help offset these costs, most sites and archaeological digs use volunteers to do much of the required manual labour. For archaeological sites, the kind of work you will be doing will be cleaning and preparing dig areas as well as excavation work. Other volunteer possibilities include helping with restoring a historical building or helping to maintain an existing site Ecological Volunteer Programs This type of volunteering falls into two categories. The first type is helping to preserve nature in some fashion. This could range from working in a National Park in Iceland helping to monitor the huge area to working with dolphins in the Mediterranean helping scientists to understand their life cycles. These types of programs are usually found through larger organized volunteer programs rather than self-funding opportunities. The other type of ecological volunteer work in Europe is in working with sustainable or organic farming. This type of volunteer work can be found with organized placement programs, self-funded programs, and work exchange with host families. Work Exchange Programs Rather than volunteering through or for a large organization, there is a growing list of sites that provide a contact point for small charities or individual people who are looking for help. With this type of volunteer work, the arrangement is usually a straight trade; you offer a few hours a day of work in exchange for food and accommodation. These arrangements could be for anywhere from a few days to a few months and depends entirely on what the host is looking for. Some hosts are just families looking for help around the house, and people who are volunteering because they want to truly help people in need won't be interested in that.
  13. 13. 12 But there are also orphanages and English schools that also work under the same arrangement and you can find many of these types of hosts on the sites as well. VOLUNTEERING IN POLAND A key to Poland's rapid advancement as a free state is the promotion of English as the language of commerce, technology and instruction. Volunteers have much to offer as classroom resources and coaches for acquiring easy conversational skill. In the large cities of Krakow or Warsaw as well as in the bucolic villages of Poland's vast agricultural countryside, English is heard routinely, and is accepted as the globe's common language. Opportunities for volunteering throughout the country expose you to the best of Poland's vibrant culture and hospitable people. Teaching conversational English skills to youth and adults is a popular volunteer project in Poland. Whether in small groups, at summer camps or in lively classrooms, you can share your knowledge of the language with Polish students from all backgrounds. VOLUNTEERING IN TURKEY Turkey has opportunities for volunteers to work on a variety of projects, and through volunteering individuals will discover a different aspect of the nation. The main language in Turkey is Turkish, with many people also speaking Arabic. English isn't known spoken very widely which leads to a need for native English speakers to teach English in the nation. There are many options for volunteers who want to teach English, including teaching in schools or home stays. VOLUNTEERING IN ITALY Italy is one of the most popular nations to visit in Europe, and it is rightly so. Italy is a nation full of amazing food, fashion, art and architecture. It is a nation with a rich history and unlimited attractions. There are plenty of opportunities in the nation for individuals who want to discover a different side of the nation by volunteering. Agriculture/Farming: Italy has extensive areas meant for farming. There are opportunities in Italy for volunteers to live on a farm with an Italian family. Volunteers help with harvesting, animal care, and selling produce in markets, among other tasks.
  14. 14. 13 Teaching: There are many opportunities for teaching in Italy as there is a need for competent teachers. As a teacher, you will mostly be working with children in schools. You will teach students everything from American songs and games to written and conversational English. Marine Conversation: Italy is located on the Mediterranean Sea, a sea which contributes to the beauty of the nation. The Mediterranean Sea is known for its dolphins. Unfortunately however, the dolphin population has been rapidly declining in the last several years. As a volunteer, you will help in dolphin research and learn about photo identification and remote tracking, among other things. VOLUNTEERING IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC Volunteering has a long history in the Czech lands. We could trace its origin back to the National Revival era and later to the time of the 1st Czechoslovak state after 1918, when volunteer groups significantly influenced the cultural development of the country. At present, volunteers are mostly involved in activities concerning environmental protection, humanitarian aid and human rights. Volunteering in medical and social spheres and in the fields of culture, sport, education and work with children and youth is also popular. Since 1989 there has been 20 years of work in volunteer centres and thousands of volunteers who help in hospitals, pensions for seniors, children´s homes, in environmental issues, culture, as voluntary firemen, who prepare programs for children and youth or who help others when floods hit their homes, have had excellent results - the meaning of the word "volunteering" is free from all political and other connotations and means "only" a free choice how to spend time.
  15. 15. 14 Sources: 1. Kendra Cherry, Guide 2. 3. 4. 5. volunteerism and legislation: Guide Note - A joint project of the International Federation of Red Cross 6. 7. 8. in Europe/