Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” FADO By: Luis Cruz, 8ºE Jorge Rolo, 8ºE
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” INTRODUCTIONOn November 27, 2011, Fado was inscribed in the UNESCO IntangibleCultural Heritage Lists.Fado is one of the oldest urban folk music types in the world andrepresents the heart of the Portuguese soul.A shawl, a guitar, a voice and heartfelt emotion. These are theingredients of Fado, the celebrated form of world music that captureswhat it is to be Portuguese.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” BRIEF HISTORY OF FADOFado ("destiny, fate") is a music genre which can be traced to the 1820s inPortugal, but probably with much earlier origins, such as the songs of themoors.For centuries sea journeys created deep ties with various cultures. So, fadoshows different cultural manifestations, mainly linked to the sea.From the eighteenth to the twentieth century, it shows influences fromEurope, America and Africa, mainly from Brazilian rhythms.In the twentieth century it started being sung in taverns, becoming aprofession around 1927.Today it is regarded as the traditional Lisbon song.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” BRIEF HISTORY OF FADOFado was introduced in the port districts like Alfama,Mouraria and Bairro Alto, in Lisbon. The first Fadoperformers were mainly from urban working classand sailors.The 19th centurys most renowned fadista was MariaSevera, who lived in the first half of the century anddied at the age of 26. She made this type of songfamous in aristocratic circles through her romancewith the Count of Vimioso. Maria SeveraTo this day, female performers wear a black shawl inher memory and her life story has been the influenceof several Fado songs, poems, novels, and plays.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Inspiration for fado can come from almost any source. Although there arepredominance of themes like: destiny, disappointments in love, the senseof sadness and longing for someone who has gone away, the ups anddowns of life, the sea, the life of sailors and fishermen, and last but notleast “Saudade” (one of the main themes used in fado, that means a kindof longing). “Fado” by José Malhoa
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” FADO VARIETIESThere are two main varieties of fado, namely those of the citiesof Lisbon and Coimbra.The Lisbon style is the most popular, while Coimbras is themost classic style.According to tradition, to applaud fado in Lisbon you clap yourhands, while in Coimbra one coughs as if clearing ones throat
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” FADO OF COIMBRAThis type of Fado is more recent and is closelylinked to the academic traditions of the University.It is exclusively sung by men (wearing the academicoutfit).In Coimbra fado has the same sad style, but was bornwith different motivations. Year after year, theuniversity students that arrived from Lisbon and Porto,brought their guitars and played for a new audience.They impressed their loved ones singing the anguishfor not having them or explained the dissatisfaction ofleaving behind the best years of their youth, thestudent bohemian life.Fado of Coimbra is the official music for the studentsand for their goodbye songs of each year.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” THE INSTRUMENTS Portuguese guitar Classical guitar Lisbon CoimbraThe tuning and sound of the Portuguese guitar in Coimbra and Lisbon are different.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” FAMOUS FADO ARTISTS Amália Mariza Carlos do Carlos CamanéRodrigues Carmo Paredes
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” FAMOUS FADO SINGERS - “FADISTAS” AMÁLIA RODRIGUESAmália Rodrigues, (July 23, 1920 – October 6, 1999)was a singer and actress.Her performances and choice of repertoire pushedFado’s boundaries and helped redefine it andreconfigure it for her and subsequent generations.Her relationship with poetry contributed to majorchanges in traditional fado. Great poets startedcontributing and writing specifically for her. The Gaivota (Seagull)grand poetry crossed its paths with those of fado.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” AmáliaRodriguesShe was known as the “Rainha do Fado” (“Queen of Fado”) and enjoyed anextensive international career between the 1950s and the 1970s.She put fado as a musical genre on the map of world music, in dictionaries,libraries and musical essays. She paved the way for the generations that wouldfollow, and that continue her legacy.“Barco Negro” (black boat) was, and still is one of her most Barco Negrowell-known and most beautiful songs.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” FAMOUS FADO SINGERS - “FADISTAS” CARLOS DO CARMOCarlos do Carmo, (Lisbon, 21 December 1939) is a singerand interpreter of fado, recognized internationally.He played an important role in making Fado part ofUNESCOs World Heritage Cultural Patrimony via countlessconcerts and the recording for Carlos Sauras film on fado,which premiered in 2007 at the Toronto International FilmFestival. Duas lágrimas de orvalho
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” CARLOS PAREDESCarlos Paredes (1925 -2004) was one of the greatest guitarists and is a uniquesymbol of Portuguese culture. He made the Portuguese guitar an instrumentknown around the worldHe was the son of guitarist Artur Paredes, considered the pioneer and masterof Coimbra fado style. Verdes Anos Variações
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” FAMOUS FADO SINGERS - “FADISTAS” MARIZAMariza (Mozambique,1973) belongs to a moderngeneration of fado singers. She has been a regular onstages such as Carnegie Hall in New York, Walt DisneyConcert Hall in Los Angeles, the Lobero Theater inSanta Barbara, the Salle Pleyel in Paris, the SydneyOpera House or the Royal Albert Hall.The Guardian considered her "a diva in the world." Gente da minha terra
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” FAMOUS FADO SINGERS - “FADISTAS” CAMANÉCamané (1967) is a male vocalist, and aforerunner of the new generation of fadomale singers. "The greatest fadista sinceAmalia Rodrigues and Maria da Fe," is howBritish biographer David Bret, described him.