Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte•This sanctuary was built in 1722, in the surroundings of the city of Braga. Itsname means Good Jesus of the Hill.•It is a pilgrimage site with a monumental Baroque stairway that climbs 116metres (381 feet).
Ovar church Guarda cathedral São Gonçalo de Amarante churchSantoIldefonsochurch,Porto
São Francisco church, PortoSanta Clara church, Porto
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Batalha Monastery• Santa Maria da Vitória, more commonly known as Batalha Monastery, is one of the best and original examples of Late Gothic architecture in Portugal, intermingled with the Manueline style.• It was built to thank the Virgin Mary for the Portuguese victory over the Castilians in the battle of Aljubarrota in 1385, fulfilling a promise of King John I of Portugal.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” The Baker of AljubarrotaThe baker of Aljubarrota, is a legendary woman, whose name is associatedwith the victory against the Castilian forces in the battle of Aljubarrota (1385).With its bakers shovel, she killed seven Spaniards she found hidden in afurnace.
•Mafra National Palace is a monumental Baroque Italianized Neoclassical palace-monastery located in Mafra, some 28 kilometres from Lisbon. Its dimensions are so hugethat it dwarfs the city.•The palace, which also served as a Franciscan monastery, was built during the reign ofKing John V (1707–1750).
Convento de Mafra•The palace-monastery was built in consequence of avow made by the king in 1711, who promised to build aconvent if his wife, the Queen Mary Anne of Austria, gavehim descendants.•This story is told in the book “Memorial do Convento”(Baltasar and Blimunda), by the Nobel prize laureate, JoséSaramago • The greatest treasure of Mafra is its library, with marble floors, shelves in the Rococo style •and a collection of over 36,000 books, thanks to the efforts of the Franciscan Order.
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima•The Sanctuary of Fátima is a Roman Catholic Marian basilica in Fátima. Itsconstruction began in 1928 and was finished in1953.•It was built at the site of the Marian apparitions reported by threechildren in 1917.
Shepherds of Fátima Graves of the little shepherds of Fatima Shrine in Fatima•The Three Little Shepherds were the three children who witnessed the apparitions ofOur Lady of Fátima , made between 1916 and 1917 in Cova da Iria. Their names were:Lucia (aged 10), Francisco (9) and Jacinta (7).•In 1917, the children watched six apparitions of Our Lady, between 13 May and 13October.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Alcobaça Monastery•Alcobaça Monastery is a Medieval Monastery located in the town ofAlcobaça. It was founded by the first Portuguese King, Afonso Henriques, in1153.•The church and monastery were the first Gothic buildings in Portugal. Dueto its artistic and historical importance, it was listed by UNESCO as a WorldHeritage Site in 1989.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Alcobaça Monastery The love story of Pedro and Inês Pedro (1320-1367) was a Portuguese prince and Inês was a Castillan young lady who came to Portugal with a Castillan princess, Pedro’s bride. They fell in love and had 3 children but their love was forbidden.Pedro’s father, King Afonso IV, ordered the assassination of Inês takingadvantage of one of Pedro’s trips.When Pedro ascended to the throne, Inês’s murders were executed and Pedrocrowned her Queen of Portugal. Their tombs lie side by side in Alcobaçamonastery.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Queluz Palace•Queluz National Palace is an18th-century palace located at Queluz.•One of the last great Rococo buildings to be designed in Europe, the designof the palace was inspired in the Palace of Versailles, France.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” D. Carlos Ducal Palace•The Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa (1501) is an important palacelocated in Vila Viçosa, Alentejo.•It was, for centuries, the seat of the House of Braganza, oneof the most important noble houses, which became the rulinghouse of Portugal in 1640.•It was here that king D.Carlos, slept on the night before hisassassination*, in 1908. One of the rooms*His son, D.Manuel II, was our last king but he never governed the kingdom.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Castles and Fortresses
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Wherever you go, you will find castles and fortresses onceused both as protection against invaders (Moor,“Spanish”, French) and as home for the population. Someof these castles were originally built by the Moors.In many of these places we can now enjoy medieval fairsand other activities from time to time.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Valença do Minho Fortress
Medieval fair of St. Maria da FeiraSt. Maria da Feira
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Almeida FortressIts current structure dates back to the 17thcentury, in the context of restoration ofindependence.It guards an important cross-border road fromSpain and underwent several sieges. The mostwell-known, took place during the PeninsularWar (French Invasion), in 1811.
Óbidos Porto de MósThe castle was taken from the Moors by the first King ofPortugal,Afonso Henriques, in 1148.In 1210, King Afonso II gave the title ofthis village to Queen Urraca. Since then,Óbidos has often been patronized by theQueens of Portugal, giving rise to itsinformal title as Vila das Rainhas.Nowadays the International ChocolateFestival is one of the town’s mostpopular events, among many others.
ÓbidosChristmas Festival Chocolate Festival Porto de Mós
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Almourol Viana do AlentejoÉvora Monte
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” MarvãoIn the past this castle played animportant strategic role in the warsagainst Castilla and Spain.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Monsaraz CastleIn Monsaraz village we findone of the best preservedmedieval sets of our country.Alqueva’s artificial lake,Portugal’s biggest lakebathes the region since 2002.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” ElvasFort of Our Lady of Grace - locatedabout one kilometer north of Elvas. Castle Aqueduct
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Vila Viçosa Castle