Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Portugal may not be a very big country but it’sone of the oldest in the world, having a richhistory and plenty of interesting places thatremind us of it.Have a look at some of our most interesting cities and towns!
Guimarães Guimarães The Cradle City (cidade Berço) •The city of Guimarães is historically associated with the foundation and identity of the Portuguese nationality. It is known as the "cradle of the Portuguese nationality". In 1128, political and military events that led to the independence of Portugal took place here. •On the citys old wall we can read “E aqui nasceu Portugal" (And so Portugal was born here).•The city is considered the birthplace of King AfonsoHenriques, the first Portuguese king.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” GuimarãesCloister Palace of the Dukes of Palace Bragança Castle
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Guimarães The Cradle City (cidade Berço)•The city’s historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.•Guimarães, jointly with Maribor, is the European Capital of Culture in 2012.
Porto Porto• Porto is the second largest city in Portugal. Located along the Douro river estuary, it is one of the oldest European centres, and registered as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996.• Its Latin name, Portus Cale, has been referred to as the origin for the name "Portugal“.• In Portuguese the name of the city is spelled with a definite article as "o Porto" (English: the port). Consequently, its English name evolved from a misinterpretation of the oral pronunciation and is referred to as "Oporto" in modern literature and by many speakers.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”• J.K. Rowling lived in Porto for 2 years. She was married to a Portuguese journalist and it was here that she wrote her favourite chapter in Philosophers Stone, The Mirror of Erised.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” D. Luís I Bridge, Porto• The Luís I Bridge is a metal arch bridge that spans the Douro River between the cities of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia.• The bridge was built by the same engineer of the Eiffel Tower, Gustave Eiffel.• The construction began in 1881 and the bridge opened on 31st October 1886.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Clérigos Tower, Porto • The Clérigos Tower is a Baroque church. • Its tall bell tower, the Torre dos Clérigos, can be seen from various points of the city and is one of its most characteristic symbols. • The construction of the church began in 1732 and was finished around 1750.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” City Hall of Porto• The current City Hall of Porto was designed by architect Correia da Silva and began construction in 1920.• The central tower, 70 meters tall, with a chiming clock, is accessible by an indoor climbing 180 steps. The interiors are made with marble and granite and they are richly decorated.
Porto S.Bento Train StationStockmarket Palace Lello Libray one of the most beautiful in the world
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Coimbra The University of Coimbra was established in 1290 . It’s the oldest Portuguese university and one of the oldest universities in continuous operation in the world.
Conímbriga’s Roman ruins University studentsLibrary of the University “Portugal dos Pequeninos” (Little Ones Portugal)
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” LisboaLisbon is the capital and largest city of Portugal. About 2,831,000 people live in the Lisbon Metropolitan area.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”•According to legend, Lisbon was founded and named by Ulysses as Ulissipo orOlissopo, which has its origins in the Phoenician words for "enchanting port".•It is one of the oldest cities in the world, outdating other modern European capitalssuch as London, Paris and Rome by hundreds of years.
It’s a monument to PortugalsAge of Discovery, often servingas a symbol of our country.It was built in 1515 as a fortress toguard the entrance to Lisbonsharbor and it was the startingpoint for many of the voyages ofdiscovery.UNESCO has listed it as a WorldHeritage monument.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Jerónimos MonasteryIt was built in 1502 on the site where Vasco da Gama and his crew spent their lastnight in Portugal in prayer before leaving for India.The monastery is one of the most prominent monuments of theManueline-style architecture (Portuguese late-Gothic) in Lisbon, classified in 1983as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Jerónimos MonasteryVasco da Gama and Luís de Camões areburied in the Jerónimos Monastery. Luís Vaz de Camões is considered Portugals and the Portuguese languages greatest poet. His most famous work are “The Lusíadas”.Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer,one of the most successful in the Age ofDiscovery and the commander of the firstships to sail directly from Europe to India.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Monument to the Discoveries It was built in 1960 to honor the 500th anniversary of the death of Prince Henry the Navigator. It´s designed in the shape of a caravel, on which many heroes of Portuguese history are shown.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Aqueduto das Águas LivresBuilt in the 18th century , this aqueduct served to supply water to the city.
National Coach MuseumIt was founded by Amelia, wife of KingCarlos I. The museum is one of the mostvisited tourist sites in Lisbon. It displaysthe carriages of the seventeenthcentury, which were built in variousstyles of art and used by kings and otherimportant world figures.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Sintra Quinta da Regaleira Sintra Well• Quinta da Regaleira consists of a romantic palace and chapel, and a luxurious park with lakes, grottoes, wells, fountains, and a number of exquisite constructions with symbolic meaning.• It’s classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO within the "Cultural Landscape of Sintra".
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Sintra National Palace Kitchen of Sintra National Palace• Also called Town Palace (Palácio da Vila Vila), it is the best preserved medieval Royal Palace in Portugal, having been inhabited more or less continuously at least from the early 15th up to the late 19th century.• It is an important tourist attraction and is part of the Cultural landscape of Sintra, designated World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Monserrate Palace, Sintra• It is a villa that used to be the summer resort of the Portuguese monarchy. It was built in 1858.• Its Moghul-inspired details are unique in Portugal and a fine example of the Sintra romanticism, along with other nearby palaces.
Pena National Palace, Sintra• Palácio Nacional da Pena (1847) stands on the top of a hill above the town.• Its design was inspired in the Palace of Neuschwanstein, Germany and itconstitutes one of the major expressions of 19th century romanticism in theworld.• The palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the Seven Wonders ofPortugal.• It is used for state occasions by the President of the Portuguese Republic andother government officials.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” SintraMoorish Castle built by the Moors inthe VIII or IX century d.C. andconquered by King D. AfonsoHenriques in 1147.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe” Évora Évora• Évora has a history dating back more than two millennia. It was known as Ebora by the Celtics, who made the town their regional capital.• It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its well-preserved old town centre, still partially enclosed by medieval walls, and a large number of monuments dating from various historical periods, including a Roman Temple.
Comenius Project “Windows on Europe”Évora Cromlech of Almendres Cathedral Diana’s Temple Medieval wall, surrounding the city Bones ChapelÉvora’s Bandstand “Nós ossos que aqui estamos pelos vossos esperamos.” “We bones that here lie for yours await”