Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  2. 2. Download free books at
  3. 3. Stockholm© 2008 Stig Albeck & Ventus Publishing ApSTranslation: Frances østerfeltAll rights and copyright relating to the content of thisbook are the property of Ventus Publishing ApS, and/or itssuppliers. Content from ths book, may not be reproducedin any shape or form without prior written permission fromVentus Publishing ApS.Quoting this book is allowed when clear references are made,in relation to reviews are allowed.ISBN 978-87-7061-271-51st editionPictures and illustrations in this book are reproduced accordingto agreement with the following copyright owners:Stig Albeck.The stated prices and opening hours are indicative and mayhave be subject to change after this book was published. Download free books at
  4. 4. Stockholm Kapiteloverskrift ONLIBRI Download free books at 4
  5. 5. Stockholm A visit to StockholmA visit to Stockhomwww.stockholmtown.comwww.visitsweden.comQueen of the Mälaren is another name for The museums of Stockholm are a quite special.Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden with its unique One is more interesting than the next and they arelocation on the many islands between the Lake spread throughout the city. The gem of them allMälaren and the archipelago on the Baltic Sea. must be the unique ship Vasa that sank on itsAdventures in its beautiful nature are part of the maiden voyage in 1628, has been restored and cancity’s trademark and everywhere one is convinced now be seen in its full glory.that this was the perfect spot to put a large city. Happy holiday!But there is much more to Stockholm than thesurrounding nature. Here is something for everyone.Gamla Stan is the city’s Old Town and here one canwander through narrow and twisted streets of theMiddle Ages and never see a modern building. Theopposite is true in the modern business quarters thatstretch out from Sergel’s Square and offer a wealthof shopping possibilities as well as cultural eventsand restaurants. Download free books at 5
  6. 6. Stockholm Historical outline In 1471 Sweden vanquished the army of the DanishHistorical outline Union in Norrmalm. The country broke from Denmark-Norway but re-entered the union inStockholm was built on the strategically important 1497-1502 under King Hans. King Christian II re-trading route between the waters of Lake Mäleren conquered Stockholm after King Hans and in 1520and the open waters of the Baltic. On the region’s had 83 Swedish leaders executed on the Greathighlands goods of iron, copper and leather were Square during the so-called Stockholm Blood Bath.transshipped. In 1523 Gustav Vasa was crowned Sweden’s kingIts position as a transshipping harbor grew in and the period under Danish rule was brought to animportance and it became necessary to fortify the end. Stockholm became the leading city of the kingdomcenter where there were but a few inhabitants. In and the king’s city of residence. But it wasn’t until 16141250, Birger Jarl built a fortress in what is now the that the city became the official of Stockholm and in 1252 he bestowed thecity with trading privileges. In the 17th century Sweden became the super power of the Baltic and Stockholm became its royal,Thanks to Baltic trade, which was lead by the Hanse military and administrative center. This led to aUnion, Stockholm grew rapidly. In only 100 years, boom in the population.Stockholm became Sweden’s largest city and absolutelydominated the region. The previously important The Thirty Years’ War in 1618-1648 meantsettlements like Birka were abandoned for good. prosperity for Stockholm. Trade grew and many palaces were built, including Riddarholmen.Stockholm was first mentioned in the Chronicles ofErik, thought to have been written in 1322-1332. Throughout the century people flocked to the cityStockholm was referred to as the city between the and many new neighborhoods were built. Aroundbridges, a description the visitor readily understands. 1700 the population was approximately 45,000. There were large residential areas, palaces and theThe original Stockholm city, which is now the Old royal castle.Town, grew quickly and soon became overpopulated.There were frequent fires but houses in the city’s The 1700’s was a period of stagnation for the city,narrow streets were soon rebuilt and can be seen which from around the Baltic met growingeven today. Major constructions of the time included competition, including Tsar Peter the Great’sthe Great Church (Storkyrkan) and Three Crowns building of St. Petersburg in 1703. In 1711,(Tre Kronor) Tower. In the 1300-1400’s the Stockholm was ravaged by the Plague, whichpopulation in the small area of the city outgrew its significantly reduced its population.bounds and led to development of the areasNorrmalm and Södermalm. The century, however, brought with it scientific and cultural growth to the capital and at its ending,In 1388 Stockholm came under siege by the queen under King Gustav III, the city continued theof the Danish Union, Margrethe I, and the city fell in expansion that began in the 1600’s.1398. Union between Denmark, Norway andSweden was a reality and the queen had a larger wall The 19th century meant even more prosperity forbuilt around the city. At the close of the 15th Stockholm. The city was rebuilt, many of the oldercentury, Stockholm’s population was 5,000 – a areas were replaced by newer and more modernconsiderable size considering the conditions of thetime. Download free books at 6
  7. 7. Stockholm Historical outline neighborhoods. Many public buildings and In the 1960’s large areas in Stockholm were torn institutions, such as the hospital, were built. down to give way for modern construction. Sergel’s Square is the best example; the central square was Industrialization also made its mark on the city. built in the old Jugend style neighborhood Klara. From 1860 railroads were built and from 1877 there Modernization has been a serious topic of debate was a network of trolleys. The city’s industries grew since then but has been instrumental in giving and with them came neighborhoods, like Stockholm a metropolitan atmosphere with the Sundbyberg, for the workers as well as for the large, modern and at times monumental wealthy, like Djursholm. In 1900 Stockholm’s constructions in the center of the city. population was 300,000. In the latest decades there has been much done to Throughout the greater part of the 20th century, continually develop the city for tourists and to make Stockholm was on the rise. In 1912, the city was the Stockholm a leader in business. For tourists, the scene for the Olympic Games, which put the waterways, as at its founding in the 13th century, Swedish capital on the map of the world. form the basis for many activities and the city’s beautiful location is also unforgettable. During both of the world wars, Sweden remained neutral, thereby avoiding destruction. The country saw relatively greater growth than many of the other countries that were directly involved in the conflicts. Growth and general urbanization meant an increase in Stockholm’s population from around 500,000 in 1930 to one million in 1960. what‘s missing in this equation?Please click the advert You could be one of our future talents maeRsK inteRnationaL teChnoLogY & sCienCe PRogRamme Are you about to graduate as an engineer or geoscientist? Or have you already graduated? If so, there may be an exciting future for you with A.P. Moller - Maersk. Download free books at 7
  8. 8. Stockholm Tour 1: StockholmTour 1: Stockholm 2. The Katarina Elevator (Katarinahissen)1. Stockholm’s City Museum(Stadsmuseum)Ryssgården, SlussenStockholm’s City Museum is located in SödraStadshuset from the 17th century; and relates thehistory of the city and its inhabitants from the city’sfounding up to the present time. A visit is a journeyback in time from a small medieval harbor city to an Subway: Slusseninternational metropolis. The Katarina Elevator is one of Stockholm’s more curious attractions. The 38-meter-high constructionStockholm’s City Museum was founded in 1937 and starts at the middle of the Salt Lake Line’sopened its doors to the public five years later. (Saltsjöbanens) platform, continues at street level and ends at the top, from which there is a wonderful view over the Old Town and Stockholm’s Stream, where there are always many boats. The elevator was built in 1883 to facilitate the journey to the hills of Södermalm. At the beginning you had to pay 5 øre to go up and 3 øre to come down. In 1933 the elevator was dismantled and in 1935 the present elevator was installed. Download free books at 8
  9. 9. Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm3. Old Town (Gamla Stan) 5. The German Church (Tyska Kyrkan)Subway: Gamla StanGamla Stan is the Swedish name for Stockholm’s oldtown. For many centuries, Gamla Stan together withthe buildings on the neighboring islandRiddarholmen made up the Swedish capital.Old Town itself lies on the island Stadsholmen andits center is an exciting medieval neighborhood thatinvites to exploration of the narrow streets and paths.Earlier there was a wall around the center of OldTown, lying at the present streets Österlånggatanand Vesterlånggatan. When the last of the defenseswere demolished in the 17th century, theperpendicular streets around Little New Street (LillaNygatan) and Greater New Street (Stora Nygatan)were created. Svartmangatan 164. Iron Square (Järntorget) Subway: Gamla Stan Stockholm’s German church, also known as St.Gertrud’s Church, was built by the Hanse Union in 1570. The building was originally a meeting place for the Hanse. Later remodeling created the religious function. An annex built in 1642 transformed the building to what it is today. A fire in 1878 destroyed the church’s tower. The present tower, 96 meters high, was then built and is the Old Town’s highest building.Subway: Gamla Stan The church contains a pulpit from 1660 made ofWith its Parisian atmosphere, this charming square, marble and alabaster.Iron Square (Järntorget), is one of the Old Town’smost evocative sites. There are even Parisian cafés,where one can sit and observe the many passers by. Download free books at 9
  10. 10. Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm6. The Great Square (Stortorget) 6a. the stock Exchange (Börshuset) / Nobel MuseumSubway: Gamle StanThe Great Square is the midpoint of the medievalOld Town (Gamla Stan); and the well on the squarewas previously the geographic center of Sweden! Itwas from this point that distances from the capitalcity were measured. Today it is measured fromGustav Adolf’s Square.The beautiful and charming Great Square has beenthe scene of many executions in the past. The firstwas in 1280; and the most famous was “TheStockholm Blood Bath” in 1520 when the DanishKing Christian II executed 83 noblemen and www.nobelmuseum.seSwedish leaders. The largest and most distinct building on the Great Square is the old stock exchange that now serves asToday more peaceful events take place on the square. the Nobel Museum. Its placement was central inIn season, there is outdoors serving so that you can the old city; and the city’s town hall was also locatedsit and enjoy the beautiful houses. here, in a row of medieval buildings. Download free books at 10
  11. 11. Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm Construction of the Stock Exchange was inspired by 7. The Great Church (Storkyrkan) French classicism with rococo elements in its facade. Inside is a beautiful assembly hall, The Great Exchange Hall (Stora Börssalen). It was in this room that the Swedish stock exchange was located. Since 2001 the building has housed the Nobel Museum, which provides information about one of the events for which Stockholm is famous – awarding of the Nobel Prizes. 6b. The Cannon ball (Kanonkuglen) A smaller but unique attraction at the Great Square is the cannon ball in the wall of the house on the Slottsbacken corner of the Great Square and Cobbler Street (Skomakargatan). History tells that it is from Gustav Subway: Gamla Stan Vasa’s siege of the city in 1521 but there is no The Great Church, also known as St. Nicholas historical evidence for this. It is also said that the Church, in Stockholm was built on the island furniture dealer Grevesmühl had a new house built Stadsholmen’s highest plateau. The first church was on the site in 1795 and that he put the cannon ball built in the 13th century, the remains of which can there where it had been in the previous building. still be seen in the northern walls of the tower.Please click the advert Download free books at 11
  12. 12. Stockholm Tour 1: StockholmIt is said that the first church burned down and that 8. Stockholm’s Castlea new one was consecrated in 1306. Later in the 14thcentury some chapels were added; but the largestaddition was made in the 15th century.In the period 1736-1742 the facade was transformedfrom the medieval ”buddings” to the Baroque styleseen today. The reason for the change was that thebuilding should harmonize with the royal palace,which was built just northeast of the church. Thechurch’s tower measures 66 meters in height.The Great Church also served as the coronation Slottsbacken 1church. The first coronation was in 1336, when Eriksson became the Swedish monarch. gaslottetThis coronation, however, was thought to have Subway: Kungsträdgårdencaused a strong desire for Norwegian independence, Stockholm’s Castle, also called the Royal Castle, isand for this reason the coronations were stopped. the official residence for the Swedish royal family.The next coronation in The Great Church was of However, they actually live at Drottningholm CastleKing Hans in 1497, who was union king of on the island Ecker west of Stockholm.Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The traditioncontinued until the last coronation, in 1873, of King Until a fire in 1697, the old castle Tre Kronor wasOscar II. located here. The architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger drew a new castle, Stockholm Castle, onThe church has also been the setting for several Tre Kronor’s foundation. The castle was to beweddings, including the marriage between the grand – a Baroque palace with 600 rooms and manyDanish king-to-be Frederik IX and his queen Ingrid, large salons.who was born a Swedish princess. Construction was completed in 1754; and the royalInside, the church has in part been returned to its family could again move into the castle from theirmedieval style; and among its attractions is the pulpit, temporary residence at the Wrangel Palace oncreated in the 1680’s according to instructions by Riddarholmen.Nicodemus Tessin the Younger. Download free books at 12
  13. 13. Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm With its 605 rooms, Stockholm Castle is one of the 8b. The Royal Treasury (Skattkammaren) largest in the world that is still the residence of a Slottsbacken 1 monarch – at least officially. There are exciting museums within the castle and many of the official gaslottet/skattkammaren rooms and salons are open to the public. The Royal Treasury has displayed Sweden’s regalia since 1970. Gustav Vasa’s sword and Erik XIV’s 8a. Representation Rooms crown are among the objects on display. Slottsbacken 1 aslottet/slottet The castle’s beautiful rooms for representative functions are furnished in various styles, from Baroque and Rococo to Gustavian neoclassicism. Among the rooms that are open to the public includes the Assembly Hall (Festvåningen) in which the grand galla banquets are held. There is also access to the Rikssalen, where the king previously read his opening speech for the parliament (Riksdagen) from his silver throne.Please click the advert Download free books at 13
  14. 14. Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm8c. Gustav III’s Antique Museum 8e. Museum Tre KronorLejonbacken gaslottet/museumtrekronorIn the castle’s northeastern wing is Sweden’s oldest Tre Kronor (Three Crowns) is the name of theart museum which opened in 1794. The collection castle that burned down in 1697 and thus madecomprises purchases made by King Gustav III on room for the present royal palace.his journey to Italy in 1783-1784. The museum is installed in the lowest level of the8d. The Royal Armory (Livrustkammaren) castle’s north wing and was that part of the castle that best survived the fire of 1697. It presents the history of Tre Kronor from the first fortifications to the castle that exists today. An interesting detail is that the entrance to the museum is through a five-meter thick wall that was part of the castle’s defense in the 13th century. 9. The Finnish ChurchSlottsbacken 3www.livrustkammaren.lsh.seIn the basement of the castle one gets an intimateknowledge of the history of the Swedish military andthe royal family. Among the many objects, there isthe king’s parade carriage, clothing, armor andweapons. There is King Karl XII’s uniform andKing Gustav III’s mask for an opera masquerade in Slottsbacken 21792. Subway: KungsträdgårdenThe museum is the oldest in Sweden. It is from 1628, This church is the religious meeting place forwhen King Gustav II Adolf commanded that his Stockholm’s Finnish congregation. The church’sarmor from a campaign in Poland should be stored official name is Fredrik’s Church, after the Swedishforever. king Fredrik I. The building is from 1648-1653 and was known as the Little Ball House (Lilla Bollhuset), until the Finnish congregation bought the house and converted it to a church in 1725. In the 20x10 meter large church, the altar piece is from 1734. Download free books at 14
  15. 15. Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm 10. The Royal Mint 11. The Knight’s House (Riddarhuset) (Kungliga Myntkabinettet) Riddarhustorget 10 Subway: Gamla Stan Slottsbacken 6 The Knight’s House was built according to Simon de la Vallée’s drawings from 1641-1674, and is Subway: Kungsträdgården considered to be one of Stockholm’s most beautiful The Royal Mint displays the history of money, banks buildings. At the time of its construction, the most and medals; and within these themes there are many significant influences were from France and exciting pictures, objects, etc. Holland, which can clearly be seen in the house. Money’s history is an exciting topic for many; and its The Knight’s House was and is a house for nobility. history goes back 2,500 years. One of the highlights In it was assembled that part of the parliament is the archaeological findings from the Viking period. composed of Swedish nobility, who formed a separate part of the assembly until 1866.Please click the advert Download free books at 15
  16. 16. Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm Today, the designation “Knight’s House” implies the Since its construction many chapels have been building as well as the institution that comprises added to the main church building, including in Sweden’s nobility. Since 1869, noblemen have 1632-1634 a chapel for King Gustav II Adolf. At assembled in the Knight’s House every third year. present the most beautiful grave chapel is for the Bernadottes, built in 1858-1860. King Karl XII, 12. Riddarholm Church who conquered regions in western Russia, is among those buried here. There are also many family crests on display. The tower and spire on the church were designed after destruction of the previous one in 1835. The spire itself, however, is a copy that was placed during the church’s renovation in 1967-1970. 13. View from Knight’s Islet (Riddarholmen) Birger Jarls Torg Subway: Gamla Stan Evert Taubes Terrace Knight’s Island Church lies on the islet of Metro: Gamla Stan Riddarholmen, which is adjacent to the Old Town From the western side of the small island (Gamla Stan). The church was built in 1280-1310 for Riddarholmen is an amazing view to the City Hall the Franciscan monastery that was located there. The (Stadshuset), Södermalm and Kungsholmen. other monastic buildings were torn down in the 17th century; after which time Riddarholm Church It is from here that many photographs of the city continued as a parish church until 1807, when it hall are taken; and there is a wonderful view of the acquired the status as a cemetery and memorial church. beautiful old boats that sail to Mälaren. Download free books at 16
  17. 17. Stockholm Tour 1: Stockholm14. Postal Museum Lilla Nygatan 6 Subway: Gamla Stan The Swedish postal museum was founded in 1906 and included the history of the postal service as well as of stamps. The history of Swedish stamps is told from the very first issue in 1855 as well as objects from the postal service and an exciting collection of foreign stamps. Download free books at 17
  18. 18. Stockholm Tour 2: Stockholm The city hall was built in 1911-1923 according to Tour 2: Stockholm Ragnar Östberg’s design and is Sweden’s largest national romantic construction. Inspired by the 15. City Hall (Stadshuset) Italian Renaissance, there are two gardens in the building (Citizens’ garden, Borgargården, and the Blue Hall, Blå Hallen). On the south side towards the “Knight’s Fjord” (Riddarfjärden) a beautiful arched passage run the entire length of the wing. There are many beautiful rooms in the city hall, including the Blue Room, which is the building’s largest assembly hall. It is here where the Nobel banquet takes place. In the hall is also the great organ with its 10,000 pipes. Hantverkargatan 1 The city council meets in the council room (Rådssalen). Notice the roof that is inspired by the Subway: T-centralen/Rådhuset old Viking buildings. Stockholm’s city hall, beautifully located at Mälaren Beach, is the city’s trademark and pictured on In the Oval Room (Ovalen) the Tureholm practically all presentations of the Swedish capital. tapestries hang, which were woven in France in the 17th century. Turning a challenge into a learning curve. Just another day at the office for a high performer. Accenture Boot Camp – your toughest test yetPlease click the advert Choose Accenture for a career where the variety of opportunities and challenges allows you to make a difference every day. A place where you can develop your potential and grow professionally, working alongside talented colleagues. The only place where you can learn from our unrivalled experience, while helping our global clients achieve high performance. If this is your idea of a typical working day, then Accenture is the place to be. It all starts at Boot Camp. It’s 48 hours packed with intellectual challenges and intense learning experience. that will stimulate your mind and and activities designed to let you It could be your toughest test yet, enhance your career prospects. You’ll discover what it really means to be a which is exactly what will make it spend time with other students, top high performer in business. We can’t your biggest opportunity. Accenture Consultants and special tell you everything about Boot Camp, guests. An inspirational two days but expect a fast-paced, exhilarating Find out more and apply online. Visit Download free books at 18
  19. 19. Stockholm Tour 2: StockholmThe Prince’s Gallery is the official receiving room, halls is impressive. Many of the central stations arewhich is beautifully furnished and looks out on to decorated with a milieu, colors or a theme from thethe water. station’s location, such as the stations between the Royal Gardens and Solna Center.In the Golden Salon, more than 18 million glass andgold pieces were used, a very impressive installation. The first line in Stockholm’s subway was opened in 1950; and is Sweden’s only underground train. SinceVisitors can go up the 106-meter-high tower and get its opening the network has been expanded; anda fantastic view over the city. Entrance to the tower today there are three lines, each of which branchesis through the arched corridor of the southern wing. out in the suburbs. In general, the stations wereThe tower’s peak was the last to be designed – the built in three ways: (1) Mountain stations that wereThree Crowns (Tre Kronor), the Swedish national blasted out of the mountain, (2) Concrete stations,crest, symbolizing that the City Hall is not just where the visible parts are of concrete and (3)Stockholm’s, but all of Sweden’s, pride. Aboveground stations. Today there are approximately 100 stations, about half of which areTowards Mälaren lies City Hall Park subterranean. The 38 mountain stations are the(Stadshusparken), with its lovely lawns and most fascinating.sculptures, some in marble or bronze. To the southin the direction of Riddarholmen is a 20-meter-high 17. Santa Clara Churchcolumn, with the rebel Engelbrekt Engelbrektssonstanding on its top.To the east is the sarcophagi which was built forStockholm’s founder, Birger Jarl. But his earthlyremains were never moved from Varnhem as wasthe plan. So the sarcophagi remains empty.16. Stockholm’s SubwaySubway: Bl.a. T-Centralen.Stockholm’s underground train, the Subway, is afantastic construction, which stands out fromsubways in other countries while it was blasted outof the granite underground. The stations lie deep Klara Östra Kyrkogata 7under street level and the effect of the rough stone Download free books at 19
  20. 20. Stockholm Tour 2: StockholmSubway: T-Centralen The square itself is at street level with a sunkenConstruction of the centrally located Santa Clara pedestrian level. To the east is the 37-meter-highChurch has a long history. Originally there was a glass obelisk, the ”Crystal Vertical Accent”, whichconvent on the property that in 1286 was donated by was created in 1974 by Edvin Öhrström and placedKing Magnus Ladulås for the purpose. Three years in a super ellipse-shaped fountain.later, construction of the convent was completeincluding its church. In 1527 the building was razed Around Sergel’s Square are some of Stockholm’sin connection with the Reformation. Building most important shopping streets, including Queenmaterials from this and other demolished convents Street to the west. To the south is the Culturewere used to reinforce the city’s defenses. House (Kulturhuset) and to the northeast is the southernmost of the five skyscrapers,King Johan III instituted construction of a new Hötorgsskraporna, built in where the old convent had been. It isthought that building was started in 1572 and 19. Queen Street (Drottninggaten)completed in 1589. One year later, the tower wasembellished with copper.Expansion of the church continued in the followingcenturies, but was abruptly interrupted by a large firein 1751. Rebuilding of the destroyed parts wasstarted and two years later the church could again beconsecrated.The last to be built was the tower. In 1768, drawingswere accepted but due to lack of funds, it was firstbuilt in 1884-1886.18. Sergel’s Square (Sergels Torg) Subway: T-Centralen Drottninggatan is Stockholm’s always bustling walking street, filled with shoppers or folk just enjoying the sidewalk cafés in the summer season. 20. Strindberg Museum Drottninggatan 85 Subway: Rådmansgatan The writer August Strindberg lived here at Drottninggatan 85 the last four years of his life (1908- 1912). He called this place The Blue Tower (Blå Tornet). The house is now a museum for August StrindbergSubway: T-Centralen and furnished on the whole with the originalSergel’s Square is modern Stockholm’s central square, inventory. Among the attractions is Strindberg’snamed after the 18th century sculptor Johan Tobias study, where the author’s writing utensils areSergel. displayed. Download free books at 20
  21. 21. Stockholm Tour 2: Stockholm 21. Observatory Museum At the top of Observatory Hill is Stockholm’s Old Observatory (Gamla Observatorium). It was built by the Royal Academy of Science in 1747-1753. Besides its function as an observatory, meteorological studies have been performed here since 1756. In the observatory’s Meridian Room, the precise local time of Stockholm was established, until 1900 when Greenwich Mean Time was taken into use. In 1931 primary observations were moved to the newly constructed facilities in Saltsjöbaden but the old facilities are still used by amateur astronomers. In 1991 the Observatory Museum was opened and on special days there is general access for the public for star gazing. The building’s history and highlights from the observatory’s past are retold at the museum. There are also alternating exhibits. Drottninggatan 120 Subway: Rådmansgatan it’s an interesting world Get under the skin of it.Please click the advert Graduate opportunities Cheltenham | £24,945 + benefits One of the UK’s intelligence services, GCHQ’s role is two-fold: to gather and analyse intelligence which helps shape Britain’s response to global events, and, to provide technical advice for the protection of Government communication and information systems. In doing so, our specialists – in IT, internet, engineering, languages, information assurance, mathematics and intelligence – get well beneath the surface of global affairs. If you thought the world was an interesting place, you really ought to explore our world of work. TOP GOVERNMENT EMPLOYER Applicants must be British citizens. GCHQ values diversity and welcomes applicants from all sections of the community. We want our workforce to reflect the diversity of our work. Download free books at 21
  22. 22. Stockholm Tour 2: Stockholm22. Stockholm’s City Library Odenplan Subway: Odenplan Gustaf Vasa Church lies in the center of what is called Vasa Town, in Stockholm. It is impressive, almost 60 meters high to the top of its dome, one of the largest churches in Stockholm with seating for 1,200. The church’s floor plan is like a Greek cross and the building itself is neo-Baroque, particularly inspired by the Baroque churches in Italy. It was consecrated in 1906.Sveavägen 73/Odengatan 53 Inside the visitor is met with a lovely sight. altar decoration was inspired by the Gesu Church inSubway: Rådmansgatan/Odenplan Rome and created in 1725-1731 for the cathedral inStockholm’s main library opened in 1928, and Uppsala. The painted dome and marble pulpit arebesides its collection of more than 700,000 books, other attractions.the building is also worth seeing. The reading roomin the central rotunda is particularly beautiful.23. Gustaf Vasa Church Download free books at 22
  23. 23. Stockholm Tour 2: Stockholm Brain power By 2020, wind could provide one-tenth of our planet’s electricity needs. Already today, SKF’s innovative know- how is crucial to running a large proportion of the world’s wind turbines. Up to 25 % of the generating costs relate to mainte- nance. These can be reduced dramatically thanks to our systems for on-line condition monitoring and automatic lubrication. We help make it more economical to createPlease click the advert cleaner, cheaper energy out of thin air. By sharing our experience, expertise, and creativity, industries can boost performance beyond expectations. Therefore we need the best employees who can meet this challenge! The Power of Knowledge Engineering Plug into The Power of Knowledge Engineering. Visit us at Download free books at 23
  24. 24. Stockholm Tour 3: Stockholm The church’s interior is not the original, as itTour 3: Stockholm underwent major renovation in 1893-1895. The altarpiece, which represents the Resurrection, was24. Svea Way (Sveavägen) created by Johan Tobias Sergel, after whom theSubway: Rådmansgatan/Hötorget neighboring Sergel’s Square was named.Sveavägen is the largest street that runs from theheart of Stockholm to the north. In the 18th century, 26. King Street (Kungsgatan)King Gustav III had plans to convert the street to aboulevard with esplanades in a line from StockholmCastle to Haga Castle (which is today Haga Castleruins). Today Svea Way is a lively street with officebuildings and several oriental restaurants.On February 28, 1986, Sweden’s Prime MinisterOlof Palme was assassinated on Svea Way where itcrosses Tunnel Street (Tunnelgatan). There is acommemorative plaque marking the spot.25. Adolf Fredrik’s Church Subway: Hötorget King Street is the main traffic artery through the city. Notice the two imposing tower-like officeHolländargatan 16 buildings on either side of the street where crosses Malmskillnadsgatan.Subway: Rådmansgatan/HötorgetThis parish church was built in 1768-1774, andconsecrated by the Swedish king and otherprominent persons. Since 1674, there was a woodenchapel on the site, which was preserved during theconstruction of the new church, by building aroundthe chapel so that it stood in the middle of the newchurch room.The church is primarily built in the classical style,and crowned by a small chapel with lanterns on itstop. It is 54 meters high. Download free books at 24
  25. 25. Stockholm Tour 3: Stockholm 27. Concert Hall This museum contains historical collections from the Middle East and Mediterranean regions. The museum was founded in 1954 on the basis of several older collections. It opened in its present building in 1982. Among its attractions is the world’s finest collection of terracotta figures from Cyprus, Egyptian mummies, Islamic works of art and much more. 29. The Parliament (Riksdagen) Hötorget Subway: Hötorget The concert hall is the leading playhouse for orchestrated music in Stockholm and is the home of the city’s philharmonic orchestra. But the concert hall is best known as the venue for the annual awarding of the Nobel Prizes (with the exception of the Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo). The building was opened in 1926 and is one of the Riksgatan 3A best examples of neoclassicism of the 1920’s. Subway: Kungsträdgården 28. Museum of the Mediterranean Sweden’s House of Parliament was built in 1894- (Medelhavsmuseum) 1905 to house the country’s two chambers. In 1971, Sweden became a unicameral system; and the building was rebuilt to accommodate the change. The building is in the neo-Baroque style and is in two parts: the east and west wings. There are guided tours through the building. 30. Museum of the Middle Ages (Medeltidsmuseum) Strömparterren, Norrbro Subway: Kungsträdgården Stockholm’s subterranean medieval museum is built Fredsgatan around ruins from the city’s early history; and shows the city’s growth from its founding and up Subway: Kungsträdgården through the Middle Ages. Download free books at 25
  26. 26. Stockholm Tour 3: StockholmThe ruins were discovered during archaeological Subway: Kungsträdgårdenexcavations in 1978-1980. The museum was opened St. Jacob’s Church has been beautifully situatedin 1986; and until 2009 will be under renovation. For near the King’s Garden for centuries. The firstthe moment the exhibits can be seen at the Culture church on the site was a chapel from the start of theHouse (Kulturhuset) on Sergels Square (Subway: T- 14th century. Construction of the present buildingCentralen). was begun around 1580. After a prolonged pause in construction from 1592-1633, construction was31. The Royal Opera (Kungliga Operan) resumed and the church consecrated in 1643. A fire in 1723 destroyed the uppermost part of the church including the tower, which was subsequently rebuilt in Late Baroque style. When renovated in 1968-1969, the church was painted red as it was in the 17th century. The interior of St. Jacob’s Church is interesting. Throughout the 19th century, furnishings wereGustav Adolfs Torg entirely renewed; and at the close of the century, was carried out in the new national romantic style.Subway: Kungsträdgården The altar decoration was created by Stockholm’sStockholm’s original opera house was opened in royal architect in 1936-1937. The baptismal is the1782 under the rule of Gustav III; and ten years later, original from 1643. There are two organs, one froma real drama took place at the site: the Swedish king 1644 (added to since then) while the second waswas shot during a masquerade. installed in 1960.A century later, in 1891, Gustav III’s opera was torn 33. The King’s Gardendown and the present building constructed. It was (Kungsträdgården)opened in 1898. The style is neo-Baroque.Opera and ballet are performed on its scenes.32. St. Jacob’s ChurchVästra Trädgårdsgatan Kungsträdgårdsgatan Download free books at 26
  27. 27. Stockholm Tour 3: Stockholm Subway: Kungsträdgården 34. National Museum Kungsträdgården or the King’s Garden is a green area opposite the Stockholm Castle, which was laid out in 1562 as a park. Previously the area was for stables for the castle and in 1635-1643, the castle Makalös/Nonpareil was built on the site. Until the 18th century, the garden was exclusively for the royal court; but since then there has been free access for the public. Early in its existence a wall was built to enclose the area; there was dense foliage and a green house. From the end of the 18th century, Södra Blasieholmshamnen lawns were planted and buildings were gradually Subway: Kungsträdgården removed. Nonpareil was razed after a fire in 1825, The National Museum, housing Sweden’s largest art the walls and green house followed; so the park collection, was opened in 1866 in the present museum became the lovely oasis it is today. building. The building was constructed in the Florentine/Venetian Renaissance style that leads one’s In the King’s Garden there are statues of the kings thoughts to Italy, the home of the beaux arts. Karl XII and Karl XIII. Trust and responsibility NNE and Pharmaplan have joined forces to create – You have to be proactive and open-minded as a NNE Pharmaplan, the world’s leading engineering newcomer and make it clear to your colleagues what and consultancy company focused entirely on the you are able to cope. The pharmaceutical field is new pharma and biotech industries. to me. But busy as they are, most of my colleagues find the time to teach me, and they also trust me. Inés Aréizaga Esteva (Spain), 25 years old Even though it was a bit hard at first, I can feel over Education: Chemical Engineer time that I am beginning to be taken seriously andPlease click the advert that my contribution is appreciated. NNE Pharmaplan is the world’s leading engineering and consultancy company focused entirely on the pharma and biotech industries. We employ more than 1500 people worldwide and offer global reach and local knowledge along with our all-encompassing list of services. Download free books at 27
  28. 28. Stockholm Tour 3: StockholmThe museum’s collection was founded by Gustav Subway: KungsträdgårdenVasa at Gripsholm Castle in Mariefred in the 16th Skeppsholm Church is with its lantern-adornedcentury; and has since grown through purchases, dome a distinct point in Stockholm’s city and booty of war. In 1654, Queen Kristina took The church was inspired by the Pantheon in Romemany works with her to Rome; and in 1697 fire as well as the Trinity Church in Karlskrona. It wascaused great destruction. But the collection grew and built in 1824-1842 and consecrated under the namemany works were acquired through Carl Gustaf of Karl Johan’s Church. The church was used forTessin’s purchases as ambassador in Paris from various religious functions until 2002.1739-1742. Gustaf III purchased many sculptures inItaly at the end of the 18th century; and in this way, 36. East Asiatic Museumthe museum’s sculpture collection was begun.The National Museum opened in 1794 as one of thefirst public museums in the world. At that time, itwas housed in the royal castle. The present museumbuilding was taken into use in 1866. On the façadeover the entrance is the inscription in Latin,“Monument for Antiques, Literature and Art”.In 1958 the Museum’s newer collection from the1900’s was transferred to the Museum for ModernArt; and five years later, the oriental collection to theEast Asiatic Museum. At the National Museum it ispossible to see a wide variety of works including thegreat European painters from the 16th-20th century,including 17th century Dutch, 18th century Frenchas well as the French impressionists. Tyghusplan, Skeppsholmen35. Skeppsholm Church Subway: Kungsträdgården The East Asiatic Museum includes exhibits from various parts of the Orient. The weight of the collections is archaeological finds and art from China, Japan, India and Korea. The collections were initially started by the archaeologist Johan ”China Gunnar” Andersson’s archaeological findings from his travels in the 1920’s and the original museum was founded I 1926. The collections grew steadily and in 1959 it was decided that the National Museum’s East AsiaticTyghusplan, Skeppsholmen collections should be moved to their own museum, the East Asiatic Museum, which opened in 1963. Download free books at 28
  29. 29. Stockholm Tour 3: StockholmThe museum is located in the building for the just some of the things to be seen. There are alsoSwedish navy’s weapon house from the close of the many alternating exhibits.17th century. The Weapon House was designed byNicodemus Tessin the Younger, and through the 39. The Citadel (Kastellet)years has served as a rope work, poor house andstable.37. Museum for Modern ArtSkeppsholmenwww.modernaMuseum.seSubway: KungsträdgårdenStockholm’s Museum for Modern Art is since 1958housed in what was the drill hall. The museum wasestablished through a decision to separate thecollection of modern art from other collections inthe National Museum. The building was radically Kastellholmenrebuilt in 1998-2004, when Rafael Moneo’s Subway: Kungsträdgårdenconstruction was complete. Like its neighboring island Skeppsholmen, Kastellholmen was also a military island that hasThe museum’s collections include paintings, been converted to a recreational area with manysculptures, installations, drawings and much more museums.from the 1900’s to today and include works by Dali,Picasso and Warhol. The alternating exhibits are of The dominant building on Kastellholmen is thethe same high standard as the museum’s own Citadel, built in red brick in 1846-1848. Mostcollection. characteristic is its red tower where the tridentate Swedish flag is flown when the country is at peace.38. Museum of Architecture Since 1667 there has been a citadel here but as itExercisplan/Slupskjulsplan, Skeppsholmen blew up in 1845, a replacement was needed.www.arkitekturMuseum.seSubway: KungsträdgårdenThe main theme of Stockholm’s Museum ofArchitecture is Swedish architecture, with particularfocus of the last 100 years, which is very colorfullypresented. Furniture, models and material trials are Download free books at 29
  30. 30. Stockholm Tour 3: StockholmPlease click the advert Download free books at 30
  31. 31. Stockholm Tour 4: StockholmTour 4: Stockholm 41. Hallwylska Museum40. Nybro Harbor (Nybrohamnen)www.waxholmsbolaget.seSubway: Kungsträdgården/ÖstermalmstorgThe street Nybrohamnen lies down by the water at Hamngatan 4Nybroviken and there is a fantastic atmosphere here. www.hallwylskaMuseum.seMany of the beautiful and nostalgic wooden ships Subway: Östermalmstorgfrom the 1900’s depart from here daily, as do other The palace that houses Hallwyl Museum was builtferries, to many destinations in Stockholm’s in 1893-1898 by Isak Gustaf Clason as Walther andarchipelago. Wilhelmina Hallwyl’s home. The palace was furnished very modern for the time; and as the CityJust sit down and enjoy the view and if you want to Council became its owners in 1920, furnishingstake a trip, try the ferry to Djursgård zoo that makes have been kept intact.the round trip relatively quickly. The collection is made up of the many works of art that Wilhelmina Hallwyl acquired on her travels, including many Dutch and Flemish paintings. Also the palace’s interior is worth a visit. Download free books at 31
  32. 32. Stockholm Tour 4: Stockholm 42. The Royal Theater 43. The Royal Stables (Hovstallet) (Kungliga Dramatiska Teatern) Väpnargatan 1 ungenshovstall Subway: Östermalms Torg The Royal Stables, Hovstallet, is where the royal family’s vehicles and horses are cared for and maintained. The horses are all brown and they are trained and ridden daily. The first automobile ever acquired was a Daimler from 1899. The present building was built by King Oscar II in 1884 but prior to this, the stables were located in Nybroplan various buildings spread around the center of the city. None of the older buildings have been Subway: Östermalms Torg preserved; they have either burned down or were The Royal Theater, or Dramaten, as it is also called, razed to make room for other construction. is Sweden’s national scene for drama. The theater was founded by King Gustav III in 1788. Before this 44. Army Museum time, performances were in French but Gustav III wanted and established the Swedish language theater, which from its inception were performed in Dramaten. In the beginning the Great Ball House (Store Bollhuset) on Castle Hill (Slottsbacken) served as the theater, later the Arsenal Theater, which burned down in 1825, and then the Opera until 1863 when performances were moved to the Small Theater (Mindre Teatern). In 1901 permission was granted to raise money for a new building by a lottery - a Riddargatan 13 tremendous success. More money was raised than budgeted which made it possible to raise the Subway: Östermalms Torg ambitions of the project. The Royal Theater was The Swedish Army Museum is a military museum opened in 1908. installed in the weapon house from 1867. The building served as the arsenal for only 10 years, In the foyer are beautiful murals and sculptures. when it was converted to a museum for the artillery There are several scenes in the building but the Big and later to military in general. Scene (Stora Scenen) with seating for 750 is the original from 1908. Among the many exhibits is a large collection of hand weapons, some of the Swedish state’s war booty as from the Thirty Years’ War, war vehicles and other armored tanks and vehicles. Download free books at 32
  33. 33. Stockholm Tour 4: Stockholm In the Artillery Yard is the Poltava Monument from dome was built in 1866-1868 with a style different 1904 in commemoration of the Battle of Poltava in than the lower part of the building. 1709. The original plan was to place the monument on the battlefield; but this never came to be, so it Inside is the Golden Altar, made of wood from still stands in Stockholm instead of in the Ukraine. 1747. The pulpit was added in 1784 and is in the The monument represents Svea who spreads a classical style. Also of interest are the paintings and banner over the fallen soldier. the chandeliers – which are copies of the chandelier given to the church by the congregation in 1673. 45. Hedvig Eleonora Church 46. Historical Museum Narvavägen 13-17 Subway: Karlaplan The Historical Museum in Stockholm is the best in the country and in it are exhibited some of the largest and most significant archaeological finds in Sweden. The Gold Room is the museum’s highlight. In it are exhibited numerous historical gold and silver artifacts, including gold chains from the 4th and 5th centuries, Viking silver and a reliquary from the Storgatan 7 Middle Ages. Subway: Östermalms Torg Besides the Gold Room, a visit to the museum is a The church was consecrated in 1737 and is named journey through Sweden’s history and the after King Karl X Gustav’s queen Hedvig Eleonora. museum’s collections and historical representations The church came to be when the area was provide a good general impression. It is also established as a new parish; and construction of the possible to delve in depth into a single topic or era. octagonal church was started in 1669 but was soon halted due to lack of funds. In its stead a small wooden church was built and in 1725 construction of the present church was resumed. The church’s Download free books at 33
  34. 34. Stockholm Tour 4: Stockholm 47. Museum of Maritime History 48. Technological Museum Djurgårdsbrunnsvägen 24 Subway: Karlaplan The museum tells the story of Swedish ship building as well as the country’s merchant marine and naval defense. In this way the museum offers a unified picture of Swedish maritime through the ages. Museivägen 7 Models, photographs, drawings and many relics are Subway: Karlaplan on display in the museum, which was built for the The Technological Museum displays technology, purpose in 1933-1936. Among the more curious industrial history and the natural sciences from items is King Gustav III’s cabin from his luxury Sweden and the world. The museum was founded yacht Amphion, which he had built in 1788. in 1924 by several institutions including the There are also other things to see outside the predecessor to the Swedish Union of Engineers and building, such as the anchor from the barge Pegasus Sweden’s Industrial Society. and a statue in memory of the fallen sailors from the Second World War.Please click the advert Download free books at 34
  35. 35. Stockholm Tour 4: StockholmThere are many exciting things to see and try in the Mörka Krokenmuseum’s permanent exhibit; and there are thematic www.kaknastornet.aos.seand alternating exhibits. So there is always Subway: Karlaplansomething for curious soles, not to mention the The 155 meter high Kaknäs Tower was built inTechnorama. 1963-1967 as the center for all of Sweden’s radio and telecommunication. The tower was named afterThe Technorama is where the guest can experiment the royal manor Kaknäs the once lay on the site.with technique and natural science. Check outtechnology from different eras, experiment with light On the lobby’s walls is a work of art thatand optical phenomena and much more. symbolizes communication. The elevator runs from the lobby up to the 30th story. On the top are49. Ethnographic Museum several stories which are open to the public, with a café, restaurant and a look-out platform.Djurgårdsbrunnsvägen On a clear day there is a fantastic view ofSubway: Karlaplan Stockholm and the archipelago. It is a good way toThe Ethnographic Museum contains several get an overview of the region’s unique geographyhundred thousand artifacts from the entire world, with the many islands and waterways that form thewhere a large portion are from outside Europe, Swedish capital.including Africa, the large cultural nations of Asiaand from the Arctic regions.The museum’s oldest objects date back to the firsthalf of the 18th century, when the collections werebrought to the Royal Scientific Academy, whichsince 1900 severed its relations to the ethnographicbranch. The present museum building was built in1976-1978 and opened in 1980.50. Kaknäs Tower Download free books at 35
  36. 36. Stockholm Tour 4: StockholmPlease click the advert Download free books at 36
  37. 37. Stockholm Tour 5: Stockholm often changing new themes for the public. TheTour 5: Stockholm museum shows Sweden from 1520 until today.51. The Nordic Museum 52. Junibacken Galärvarvsvägen Subway: Karlaplan Trolley: Nordiska Museum/VasaMuseum/Junibacken Junibacken is a fairy tale land with all the known figures from Astrid Lingren’s wonderful books. They are all here together: Pippi Longstocking, Karlsson on the Roof, The Brothers Lionheart, Madicken and of course Emil from Lønneberg.Djurgårdsvägen In the museum you can take a trip in the scenes ofSubway: Karlaplan Lindgren’s books and re-experience many of theTrolley: Nordiska things that you’ve either read as a child or seen onMuseum/VasaMuseum/Junibacken television. There are also interactive exhibits,The Nordic Museum is located in one of making the visit part of a game.Stockholm’s most famous and beautiful buildings.The museum building was built in a castle-like style Junibacken opened in 1996 and the place soonfrom the Dutch Renaissance, which is also known became one of the most frequented in Stockholm.from Frederiksborg and Rosenborg Castles inDenmark. The dimensions are large; the museum is 53. Vasa Museum153 meters long and 81 meters high. The NordicBuilding was completed in 1907, after 19 years ofconstruction.The Nordic Museum was founded in 1872 by ArturHazelius, who also founded the open air museumclose by, Skansen. At its start it was located onDrottninggatan and was called the ScandinavianEthnographical Collection - its name was changed tothe Nordic Museum in 1880.The monumental statue of Gustav Vasa greetsvisitors in the museum’s 126.5 meter long and 24meter high main hall. The statue of the seatedmonarch is of painted oak from 1925. On itsforehead is a piece of oak which according totradition was planted by Vasa himself.The collection is rich in many areas of cultural Galärvarvsvägen 14history. There are permanent exhibits as well as Download free books at 37