ISOC: IXPs Partnerships


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TunIXP workshop, session 4 Tunis 30-04-2013, IXPs, Global Networking and Partnership Opportunities: Seeing the Big Picture, ISOC Partnership

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  • Comment about Peering in General.Meet me point
  • KIXP dramatically reduced latency of local traffic, speeding data from 200-600ms to 2-10ms on average, while saving local ISPs nearly US$1.5 million per year on international connectivity charges. IXPN experienced a similar reduction in latency while currently saving operators over US$1 million in connectivity costs per year.In Nigeria, the presence of the IXP has encouraged the repatriation of financial platforms for online banking that were previously hosted overseas, while in Kenya the  IXP has helped speed citizens’ access to online tax and customs services offered by the Kenya Revenue Authority.The presence of effective IXPs induced Google to place a cache in both countries in Spring 2011, which has significantly increased the amount of locally distributed content (notably YouTube videos) at faster speeds.Improved access to local content has increased usage, helping to increase the mobile data market by at least US$6 million per year in Kenya.
  • In 1994 LINX, the London Internet Exchange point started with 5 ISPs linking their networks together with donated equipment. Now the largest IXP in the world. 1 Tbps traffic exchanged. 340 Members, UK, Europe, US, Middle East, Asia-Pacific, Africa.Neutral Facility location and facility is key – Many forms: University, Data Center, Association facilities, etc.Hosting Space, Rack, switch, power, cooling, security/access control, connectivity. Redundancy.
  • Mutual benefit to all members
  • -During the research phase for the IXP Study – it was clear that there were many more factors that could be highlighted to drive connectivity-IXPs are part of an ecosystem of human, technical, and governance factors-By Focusing on some of the systemic issues – we create a more inclusive approach to creating change and we provide options to allow change.
  • ISOC: IXPs Partnerships

    1. 1. IXP Governance Workshop Tunis Sofie Maddens The Internet Society April 2013
    2. 2. The Internet Society Role of IXPs 2 • A primary role of an Internet Exchange Point (IXP) is to keep local Internet traffic within local infrastructure and to the reduce costs associated with traffic exchange between networks. • improve the quality of Internet services and drive demand in by reducing delay and improving end-user experience • convenient hub for attracting hosting key Internet infrastructures within countries • Catalyst for overall Internet development • Not limited to commercial ISPs, wide rage network or data service can benefit from participating • E-Govnt, Universities, etc.
    3. 3. The Internet Society Measuring the Benefits and Impacts of IXPs: Kenya and Nigeria Case Study • Reduced latency increasing performance and driving demand -- Especially for data- heavy applications, including video • Direct savings on international transit ($1.5M p.a. Kenya, $1M Nigeria) • Benefits facilitating e-government and education services -- e.g. Kenya Revenue Authority, West African Examination Council • Catalyzing local hosting and content industry -- Repatriation of financial platforms in Nigeria, Data center investment in Kenya • Increased mobile data market by an estimated $6 million in Kenya • KIXP attracting regional traffic
    4. 4. The Internet Society Keeping IXPs in Context… 4  IXPs can be a catalyst of a robust Internet environment and market.  Many other issues are involved in promoting a robust interconnection and traffic exchange environment in a country / region.  Barriers and bottlenecks along the service chain are various and challenging: – Backhaul and Leased Capacity  More costly to send traffic from Abuja to Lagos, than Lagos to London. Cape Town to Jo’burgh similar – Cross-border connectivity, policy and licensing issues – International gateways, landing stations – Etc.  With falling international capacity prices (including around Africa), there is also opportunity to take advantage of international peering opportunities.  ISOCs situates its IXP work within the broader interconnection and traffic exchange (ITE) context.
    5. 5. The Internet Society Advancing the Value and Viability of IXPs Level “0” No IXP Level 1 “Boxes and Wires” Level 2 Core Functionality Level 3 Catalysing Growth Level 4 Thriving, Critical Infrastructure • Not all at the same level of development! • Most current IXPs only between “Level 1 and 2” • We aim to move IXPs “Up the Curve!” EPF-7 Malta 17- 19 Sept, 2012
    6. 6. The Internet Society What kind of infrastructure is needed for an IXP? 6 Physical Infrastructure Human Infrastructure Governance Infrastructure • Important to think of IXPs beyond the “Boxes and Wires” • 3 types of infrastructure • Physical • Governance • Human • IXP projects are most vulnerable when the key focus is on physical infrastructure • Human infrastructure and capacity building is the key driver of success and sustainability
    7. 7. The Internet Society Physical Infrastructure 7 KIXP – Kenya LIXP – Lesotho IXPs need not be expensive to be effective. The London Internet Exchange, the now the largest IXP in the world, started with 5 members on a donated switch. IXPN - Nigeria
    8. 8. The Internet Society Governance Infrastructure 8 • Not-for-profit, member-driven governance model is most common globally  From small IXPs to some of the largest in the world. For- profit/commercial IXPs generally limited to exceptionally strong markets. • Neutrality and transparency are key • Including IXP not competing with its members/participants, • Inclusive policies and processes  Encourage NRENs, e-Gov Networks, etc.  Sustain member engagement / development beyond start-up, vision for the future. • Mandatory Multilateral Peering vs Bilateral Peering Policy
    9. 9. The Internet Society Human Infrastructure 9 • The most important factor for start-up and sustainability. • Understanding the value proposition • Trust and relationship building is essential. Competitors viewing a rising tide lifting all boats. • Technical Capacity Building • Both at the network operator/IXP participant level and the IXP operations level. • Building local and regional communities of practice to sustain and grow knowledge. International cooperation. • Reducing the information asymmetry to empower local and international opportunities IXP 80/20: “80% Social Engineering, 20% Technical Engineering”
    10. 10. The Internet Society Need for Capacity Building • An IXP benefits from network effects – the more members it has, the more valuable it becomes to join the IXP in order to be able to exchange traffic with the existing members • As a result, a well-run IXP providing such benefits can develop critical mass, becoming home to many or all of the ISPs and content providers in the country, and bringing significant benefits to its members and the surrounding ecosystem 10 Photos: © Internet Society/Shoot the Earth/ Nyani Quarmyne
    11. 11. The Internet Society AfPIF • The African Peering and Interconnection Forum addresses the key interconnection, peering, and traffic exchange opportunities and challenges on the continent and provides participants with global and regional insights for maximising opportunities that will help grow Internet infrastructure and services in Africa • AfPIF aims to foster national and cross-border interconnection opportunities by providing a forum where key players from infrastructure and service providers, IXPs, regulators and policy makers can engage in a relaxed but business like environment, sharing their experiences and learning from experts in the field • AfPIF – 4: 2013 Date and Location - 3 - 5 September, 2013 - Casablanca, Morocco 2013-3-5-september-2013
    12. 12. The Internet Society AXIS • The Internet Society has been contracted by the African Union to conduct 60 capacity building workshops in 30 African Union Member States that do not have IXPs (AXIS Phase I)  30+ Best Practice Workshops and community mobilization  30+ Technical Aspects workshops (hands-on) • The AXIS project supports the establishment of a continental African internet infrastructure. • The overall AXIS project aims to create an African internet system by setting up:  Internet exchange points in 33 African countries  five regional internet hubs  five regional and three continental internet carriers
    13. 13. The Internet Society Sofie Maddens 13