Towards the Development of TunIXP in a New Challenging Internet Governance Environment in Tunisia
Towards the Development of TunIXP in a New
Challenging Internet Governance Environment
Moez Chakchouk, CEO of ATI
22ndEuropean Internet Exchange
14 – 16 April 2013, Hamburg, Germany,
Key events: Regulatory environment
Before 1995: Telecom totally controlled by the Government/Administration.
1995: Creation of Tunisie Telecom as a government establishment.
April 1996: Creation of ATI, the Tunisian Internet Agency.
Company owned partially by Tunisie Telecom but totally controlled by the Government,
Central Internet Authority: Everything related to internet is within the framework of ATI,
1997 & 2000: Internet market opening to competition: starting with 5 private
2001: Telecom. Act (law n°2001—1) and creation of INT as Regulation
2002 – 2012 : Telecom Market Liberalization : 3 operators with fixed and
mobile 2G/3G Licenses and 5 ISPs
Jan. – Feb. 2013: Launch of TunIXP and Affiliation to Euro-IX as a remote
April 2013: Amendment of the Telecom. Act and introduction of IXP related
........ 2013: An underway reform to restructure ATI.
2 The 22nd Euro-IX Forum, April 14 – 16, 2013
Before the revolution #14Jan
3 The 22nd Euro-IX Forum, April 14 – 16, 2013
ENEMY of internet despite the huge work done by
high skilled engineer operating an IP transit network
available for all ISPs in TN.
UNCLEAR role and a lot of tensions with the civil
LACK of Transparency and openness to civil
After the revolution #14Jan: A lot of Change
4 The 22nd Euro-IX Forum, April 14 – 16, 2013
Clarify the role of ATI and its relation with the
Stop net censorship and encourage online
Support of the multi-stakeholder IG.
Promote e-content hosting and the build of
Foster partnership for innovation.
Create TunIXP: The 1st IXP in the Maghreb
Encourage Tunisian cctld .tn and .
Promote the 1st Tunisian open source mirror.
Contribute to the internet regulatory reform.
Modify the economic model for the provision
of IP transit services.
Existing IXP/IP Transit infrastructure
5 The 22nd Euro-IX Forum, April 14 – 16, 2013
Until Sept. 2012: All internet
traffic is routed via ATI router and
via a unique ASN (AS 2609)
operated by TT.
Oct. 2012: Orange started
routing its internet traffic via its
own IP transit gateway
Jan. 2013: Launch of TunIXP as
there is no regulatory obligations
in the license to route internet
trafic via ATI infrastructure.
Feb. 2013: Host of a L-root DNS
Server, the 1st in the Maghreb
Reshaping the ATI infrastructure
6 The 22nd Euro-IX Forum, April 14 – 16, 2013
Creating a cost-based Layer 2 platform for TunIXP operated by ATI but
governed by a group of members (operators, ISPs, DataCenters, etc.),
Transforming the Layer 3 infrastructure in order to provide IP Transit
TT Topnet OT Tunet GNet
CNI CCK CIMSP CNTE