Packet Clearing House: Using IXPs: Construction, Operation, and Measurement

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Using IXPs: Construction, Operation, and Measurement
Session 2 - TunIXP workshop - Packet Clearing House - 29-04-2013 - Tunis

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Packet Clearing House: Using IXPs: Construction, Operation, and Measurement

  1. 1. Packet Clearing House TunIXP Workshop on IXPs April 29-30, 2013 Tunis Bill Woodcock Executive Director Packet Clearing House
  2. 2. ISP Lifecycle: Simple Aggregator Single Transit Provider Customers ISP Network IXPs
  3. 3. ISP Lifecycle: Redundancy and LCR Redundant Transit Providers Customers ISP Network IXPs
  4. 4. ISP Lifecycle: Local Peer Redundant Transit Providers Customers ISP Network Single IXP IXPs
  5. 5. ISP Lifecycle: Backbone Network Redundant Transit Providers Customers ISP Network Multiple IXPs IXPs
  6. 6. Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP
  7. 7. Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red Customer sends to Green Customer via Red NSP
  8. 8. Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red NSP delivers at nearest IXP
  9. 9. Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green NSP backhauls from distant IXP
  10. 10. Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green ISP delivers to Green Customer
  11. 11. Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green Customer replies via Green NSP
  12. 12. Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green NSP delivers at nearest IXP
  13. 13. Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red NSP backhauls from distant IXP
  14. 14. Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Redundant Transit Providers Red Customer Red NSP Network Green Customer Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red NSP delivers to Red Customer
  15. 15. Redundant Transit Providers Green Customer Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Red Customer Red NSP Network Green NSP Network IXP IXP Red Network is responsible for its own costs
  16. 16. Redundant Transit Providers Green Customer Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Red Customer Red NSP Network Green NSP Network IXP IXP Green Network is responsible for its own costs
  17. 17. Redundant Transit Providers Green Customer Redundant Transit Providers Hot Potato Routing Red Customer Red NSP Network Green NSP Network IXP IXP Symmetry: Fair sharing of costs
  18. 18. For any two parties who wish to exchange traffic, there must be a pair of exchanges, one near each party. The efficiency of the Internet depends upon this principle:
  19. 19. Countries which haven’t yet built Internet Exchange Points disadvantage themselves, and export capital to countries that already have. The Corollary:
  20. 20. Packet Clearing House Distribution of IXPs Half of all countries still have no IXP, while others have dozens.
  21. 21. Packet Clearing House Number of IXPs 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
  22. 22. Packet Clearing House Number of IXPs 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 About one every three weeks
  23. 23. Packet Clearing House Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant
  24. 24. Packet Clearing House Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch
  25. 25. Packet Clearing House Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router
  26. 26. Packet Clearing House Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router Router Router
  27. 27. Packet Clearing House Building Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router Router Router
  28. 28. Packet Clearing House Building Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router Room Router Router
  29. 29. Packet Clearing House Building Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router Router Router Router
  30. 30. Packet Clearing House Building Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Router Router
  31. 31. Packet Clearing House Building Room Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router
  32. 32. Packet Clearing House Building Room Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router
  33. 33. Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router
  34. 34. Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router
  35. 35. Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch
  36. 36. Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Router Router Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch
  37. 37. Packet Clearing House Building Room Building Room Room Room Router Router Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch RouterRouter
  38. 38. Packet Clearing House BuildingBuilding Room Room Room RoomRoom Router Router Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch RouterRouter Switch Router Router
  39. 39. Packet Clearing House BuildingBuilding Room Room Room RoomRoom Router Router Room Growth of IXP Physical Plant Switch Router Router RouterRouter Switch Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch RouterRouter Switch Router Router Building Room Room Room Router Router Router Router Router Router Switch Switch
  40. 40. Packet Clearing House Thanks, and Questions? Copies of this presentation are available in PDF format. Bill Woodcock Executive Director Packet Clearing House woody@pch.net +1 415 831 3103 This presentation is ©1993-2013 by Packet Clearing House CC BY-NC-SA

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