Why are we celebrating the International Day of Biodiversity and meet here over the coming two days to deliberate on “Forest Biodiversity”. In my mind, it is because we are heading in the wrong direction. As Lao-tzu reminded us more than 2,500 years ago there is a need for change, or we will end up, where we are heading right now, and where I am convinced none of us wants to head. By that I mean none of us in the room but also the billions of people outside this room.
The tenth meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP 10) was held in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, in late 2010. They agreed, after much debating, on the New Strategic Plan of the Convention of Biological Diversity – also known as the Aichi Target – for 2011 onward. Allow me to remind us all of the five goals. Allow me also to remind us all that 2011 is already upon us and that it is time to act and change direction.
It is not either the environment or economic growth and development. They go hand in hand, and we often forget as the examples from six countries indicate, that benefits from conserving biodiversity can be substantially higher than from forest conversion.
Young-Woo Park ppt
The Green Economy and theForestry Sector: Future Direction Dr Young-Woo Park Regional Director Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP) 05 June 2012 (World Environment Day) environment for development
“If you do not change direction, youmay end up where you are heading.” Lao-tzu, Chinese philosopher (604-531 B.C.) environment for development
Why Green Economy?• Recent attention on the green economy concept has been aided by widespread disillusionment with our prevailing economic paradigm where material wealth is delivered at the expense of growing environmental risks, ecological scarcities and social disparities.• There is an urgent need to transition to a new paradigm.• As a result, the last three years have seen the idea of a “green economy” float from debates by environmental economics specialist into the mainstream of policy discourse.• The “Rio+20” agenda has adopted “green economy” as a key theme in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication. environment for development
What is the GREEN Economy • UNEP defines a green economy as one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. • It recognizes that is not either the environment or economic growth and development, but that they go hand in hand to the benefit of both. • A green economy can be thought of as one which is low carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive. • Growth in income and employment is driven by public and private investments that reduce carbon emissions and pollution, enhance energy and resource efficiency, and prevent the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. environment for development
Forests in a Green Economy• The Green Economy has also entered the broader discussion on forests and forestry.• Forests perform vital functions. Without them we would struggle to survive. Forest products and services are essential to every aspect of life. Around 1.6 billion people rely to some extent on forests for their livelihoods.• The value of ecosystem services from tropical forests vastly exceeds figures showing up in national accounts. An estimated investment of US$30 billion in fighting deforestation and degradation could provide a return of up to US$4.5 trillion in products and services.• It has become very clear that sustainable use pays off and business- as-usual (BAU) costs us dearly. environment for development
Biodiversity pays Net present value of benefits from conservation and conversion Value of US$ in 2007 Source: TEEB, 2009 environment for development
Where to invest in?• Use of degraded lands for sustainable palm oil production• Ecologically-friendly agricultural and forestry practices for smallholders• Improved forest management such as reduced impact logging• Better land-use and spatial planning that recognizes the importance of ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation• Watershed management to reduce sedimentation and enhance navigability environment for development
Forests in 2050Comparison of BAU with Green Investment Scenario (G2)Key Forest Sector Indicators Business As Usual (G2)Natural Forest Area 3.36 3.64(Billion ha)Deforestation rate 14.9 6.66(million ha/year)Planted forest area 347 850(Million ha)Total forest area 3.71 4.49(Billion ha)Carbon storage in forests (Billion 431 502tonnes)Gross Value Added 0.9 1.04(US$, Trillion)Employment (Million) 25 30 environment for development
Main investment sources?• REDD+, which can be seen as an investment focusing on retaining or enhancing natural capital, and provides an opportunity to enable countries to shift from “brown” to green development by making investments in natural capital with a focus on forests, as well as human capital.• Global Environment Facility• Capital markets that connect long-term institutional investors with the delivery of sustainable forest and land management worldwide. Pension funds, for example, are considering forest funds that would invest in rain forests. environment for development
What does it take?• Reduction of excessive regulatory procedures and bureaucracy• Strengthening of governance, especially accountability and transparency• Raising awareness among decision makers regarding the negative impacts of complex regulations and procedures on investment decisions• Application of best practices in forest law enforcement and reducing illegal activities• Clarification and strengthening rights to land and forests, including the potential for increasing the size and duration of forest land ownership and/or use rights• Avoiding arbitrary changes and providing stable investment, land-use, land management and forestry policies, laws, procedures and approval systems to give investors in forestry the confidence to make long-term investments environment for development
Role of community forestry• While the needs of small-scale (including communities) and large- scale investors are clearly not the same, most of the previous recommendations would also provide for an enabling environment for community forestry. Above all, all actors would benefit from clear forest tenure arrangements and strong governance.• Examples of initiatives indicate that a green economy in forestry is not necessarily something new. Sustainable management of forests, forest restoration, forest conservation, watershed management are all part of a green economy and the role communities have played in wise forest management and use is widely acknowledged.• The biggest contribution that community forestry can make is probably to social equity and poverty reduction. environment for development
UNEP’s role?UNEP’s main role is in providing advisoryservices, raising awareness, research andforming partnerships to help achieve a greeneconomy through the collective vision,creativity, action and support from a broadcross-section of society, includinggovernments, the private sector andconsumers.For Green Economy success stories:http://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/SuccessStories/ForestManagementinNepal/tabid/ environment for development
For more: http://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/Thank you