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C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 1 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 2 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 3 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 4 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 5 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 6 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 7 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 8 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 9 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 10 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 11 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 12 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 13 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 14 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 15 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 16 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 17 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 18 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 19 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 20 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 21 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 22 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 23 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 24 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 25 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 26 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 27 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 28 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 29 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 30 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 31 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 32 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 33 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 34 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 35 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 36 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 37 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 38 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 39 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 40 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 41 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 42 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 43 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 44 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 45 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 46 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 47 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 48 C17 U9 Project   indirect speech with modals. Slide 49
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C17 U9 Project indirect speech with modals.

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C17 U9 Project indirect speech with modals.

  1. 1. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS
  2. 2. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS Look at the following conversation…
  3. 3. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS We have to expand our businesses in China.
  4. 4. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS We have to expand our businesses in China. The manager said that we had to expand our businesses in China.
  5. 5. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS We have to expand our businesses in China. The manager said that we had to expand our businesses in China. When we say what other person said, it is called “INDIRECT SPEECH”. Look in this conversation how the verb “HAVE” changes to past in the INDIRECT SPEECH. INDIRECT SPEECH
  6. 6. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS Look at this other conversation…
  7. 7. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS We sold 1’000.000 computers in China
  8. 8. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS We sold 1’000.000 computers in China Action in Past
  9. 9. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS We sold 1’000.000 computers in China The manager said that we had sold 1’000’000 computers in China. Action in Past
  10. 10. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS We sold 1’000.000 computers in China The manager said that we had sold 1’000’000 computers in China. INDIRECT SPEECH (in Past) Action in Past
  11. 11. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS We sold 1’000.000 computers in China The manager said that we had sold 1’000’000 computers in China. In this case, notice that the verb “SOLD” changes to its PAST PERFECT form (HAD SOLD) because the INDIRECT SPEECH is referring to an action in the past. When the verb changes from one tense to another, it is called “BACKSHIFT” INDIRECT SPEECH (in Past) Action in Past
  12. 12. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS Let’s talk about MODAL VERBS in the INDIRECT SPEECH
  13. 13. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS First, let’s remember some MODAL VERBS and what they express…
  14. 14. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS
  15. 15. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS WILL  To express future.
  16. 16. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS WILL  To express future. CAN To express ability or possibility.
  17. 17. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS WILL  To express future. CAN To express ability or possibility. MAY To express possibility.
  18. 18. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS WILL  To express future. CAN To express ability or possibility. MAY To express possibility. MUST To express obligation or logical conclusion.
  19. 19. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS WILL  To express future. CAN To express ability or possibility. MAY To express possibility. MUST To express obligation or logical conclusion. HAVE TO To express obligation or need.
  20. 20. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS WILL  To express future. CAN To express ability or possibility. MAY To express possibility. MUST To express obligation or logical conclusion. HAVE TO To express obligation or need. This MODAL VERBS also “BACKSHIFT”
  21. 21. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS
  22. 22. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I forgot to send the report! I will send it in 5 minutes.
  23. 23. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I forgot to send the report! I will send it in 5 minutes. Mark forgot to send the report! He said that he would send it in 5 minutes.
  24. 24. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I forgot to send the report! I will send it in 5 minutes. Mark forgot to send the report! He said that he would send it in 5 minutes. INDIRECT SPEECH
  25. 25. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I forgot to send the report! I will send it in 5 minutes. Mark forgot to send the report! He said that he would send it in 5 minutes. To use the modal verb “WILL” in INDIRECT SPEECH you have to BACKSHIFT it. The BACKSHIFT of WILL is WOULD INDIRECT SPEECH
  26. 26. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS Let’s see the MODAL VERBS and their BACKSHIFT IN INDIRECT SPEECH…
  27. 27. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS WILL  WOULD CAN  COULD MAY  MIGHT MUST  HAD TO HAVE TO  HAD TO
  28. 28. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS WILL  WOULD CAN  COULD MAY  MIGHT MUST  HAD TO HAVE TO  HAD TO If this MODAL VERB is used in the DIRECT SPEECH… You have to use this form (BACKSHIFT)
  29. 29. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I forgot to send the report! I can send it in 5 minutes. Direct Speech
  30. 30. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I forgot to send the report! I can send it in 5 minutes. Mark forgot to send the report! He said that he could send it in 5 minutes. Direct Speech
  31. 31. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I forgot to send the report! I cansend it in 5 minutes. Mark forgot to send the report! He said that he could send it in 5 minutes. INDIRECT SPEECH Direct Speech
  32. 32. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I forgot to send the report! I can send it in 5 minutes. Mark forgot to send the report! He said that he could send it in 5 minutes. INDIRECT SPEECH Direct Speech If the DIRECT SPEECH uses “CAN” in the INDIRECT SPEECH “CAN” changes to “COULD.”
  33. 33. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS More Examples….
  34. 34. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I am arriving a little late. I may be there soon. Direct Speech
  35. 35. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I am arriving a little late. I may be there soon. John called. He said that he might be here soon. INDIRECT SPEECH Direct Speech
  36. 36. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I am arriving a little late. I may be there soon. John called. He said that he might be here soon. INDIRECT SPEECH Direct Speech If the DIRECT SPEECH uses “MAY” in the INDIRECT SPEECH “MAY” changes to “MIGHT.”
  37. 37. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS An example with the modal verb MUST…
  38. 38. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I must finish this for tomorrow. Direct Speech
  39. 39. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I must finish this for tomorrow. Direct Speech “He said that he had to finish this for tomorrow” If the DIRECT SPEECH uses “MUST” in the INDIRECT SPEECH “MUST” changes to “HAD TO.” INDIRECT SPEECH
  40. 40. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS Some modals DON’T BACKSHIFT!
  41. 41. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS MODAL VERBS WOULD COULD MIGHT SHOULD OUGHT TO When these MODAL VERBS are used in the DIRECT SPEECH, they DON’T BACKSHIFT in the INDIRECT SPEECH.
  42. 42. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS Oh, my God!! We are late!! We should hurry to catch the school bus!!! Direct Speech
  43. 43. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS Oh, my God!! We are late!! We should hurry to catch the school bus!!! Direct Speech “She said that they should hurry to catch the school bus” INDIRECT SPEECH
  44. 44. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS Remember the PERFECT MODALS? Well, if they are used in INDIRECT SPEECH, they never BACKSHIFT
  45. 45. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS PERFECT MODALS He should have arrived earlier (él debiera haber llegado mas temprano) Mark could have brought his car (Mark pudo haber traido su carro) Xiomara would have won the lottery (Xiomara habría ganado la loteria)
  46. 46. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I’ve been waiting for Marilyn for over one hour! Where’s she? She must have forgotten about our date. Direct Speech with Perfect Modal EXAMPLE…
  47. 47. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I’ve been waiting for Marilyn for over one hour! Where’s she? She must have forgotten about our date. Direct Speech with Perfect Modal “He said that Marilyn must have forgotten about their date” INDIRECT SPEECH EXAMPLE…
  48. 48. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS I’ve been waiting for Marilyn for over one hour! Where’s she? She must have forgotten about our date. Direct Speech with Perfect Modal “He said that Marilyn must have forgotten about their date” INDIRECT SPEECH The PERFECT MODAL doesn’t change EXAMPLE…
  49. 49. INDIRECT SPEECH WITH MODALS Thank you!!!
  • TriciaWeber3

    Nov. 25, 2021
  • IsmaelMqz

    May. 13, 2017

Project indirect speech with modals.

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