Urban Design Philosophies
        and PRT
       Richard Crappsley
        Colin Buchanan
        22 August 2008
Influencing factors
Factors that influence design:
  1. Type of system (e.g. ULTra, Vectus, Skyweb
     Express)
  2. Anti...
Function of PRT
• Functions:
  – Park & Ride
  – Campus, business park
  – Commercial / freight movement
  – Edge of town ...
Park & Ride
Town centre
Edge of town
Local networks
Intra-suburban / semi-rural



                         Supermarket
PRT networks

          Complete intra-
          urban networks




          Fast inter-urban
          networks?
PRT timeline?
         Park & Ride             Heathrow 2009

   Campus, business park

Commercial / freight movement

   ...
Design considerations
• System considerations:
  – Safety
  – Security
  – Accessibility
  – Sustainability
  – Aesthetics...
Contextual factors
•   Visual intrusion
•   Noise
•   Severance
•   Spatial requirements
•   Historic townscape / sensitiv...
Guideway sections

At-grade              Elevated
Guideway sections
In cutting
Guideway sections
In tunnel
Guideway Sections
Partial elevation
Guideway sections
Embankment
Stations
• Station arrangements:
  – At-grade
  – Below ground
  – Elevated
  – In building
• Potential for ‘high street s...
High Street Stations

                                                       Pedestrian
  Main PRT network                ...
Replacement of Modes
                                      Growth of Mobility in France. Distance Travelled per Day per Ca...
Replacement of Modes
• Replacing another PT mode entirely
• Replacing car trips

So…
• Potential to re-allocate road space...
Reallocation of road space
Typical urban road


                     Bus lane
Reallocation of road space
PRT at-grade




               PRT stop
Reallocation of road space
PRT elevated




               PRT stop
Before…
After
Before…
After…
Before…
After…
Before…
Before…
Design details

• Design details:
  – Form / structures
  – Colour
  – Lighting
  – Materials
Form
Stations, guideway
structure
Colour
Vehicle livery      Columns, guideway
Light
Stations,
guideway
structure
Broad Principles
1. Role / function (may be more than one)
2. Context and applicability (may vary along
   route)
3. Re-al...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Urban Design Philosophies and PRT

1,395 views

Published on

Overview of potential functions of Personalised Rapid Transit (PRT) systems and how PRT can be integrated into existing urban areas.

Published in: Design
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,395
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
59
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Urban Design Philosophies and PRT

  1. 1. Urban Design Philosophies and PRT Richard Crappsley Colin Buchanan 22 August 2008
  2. 2. Influencing factors Factors that influence design: 1. Type of system (e.g. ULTra, Vectus, Skyweb Express) 2. Anticipated role and function of PRT 3. Context • Urban form • Land uses • Townscape • Character • Heritage • Landscape • Environmental considerations
  3. 3. Function of PRT • Functions: – Park & Ride – Campus, business park – Commercial / freight movement – Edge of town expansion – Town centre network – Local network, connecting into PT hubs and network – Intra-suburban / semi-rural hinterland
  4. 4. Park & Ride
  5. 5. Town centre
  6. 6. Edge of town
  7. 7. Local networks
  8. 8. Intra-suburban / semi-rural Supermarket
  9. 9. PRT networks Complete intra- urban networks Fast inter-urban networks?
  10. 10. PRT timeline? Park & Ride Heathrow 2009 Campus, business park Commercial / freight movement Local network Town centre / district network Daventry 2012? Edge of town expansion Intra-suburban / semi-rural Complete intra-urban network ???
  11. 11. Design considerations • System considerations: – Safety – Security – Accessibility – Sustainability – Aesthetics • Contextual factors • Human behaviour
  12. 12. Contextual factors • Visual intrusion • Noise • Severance • Spatial requirements • Historic townscape / sensitive landscape Partially address through: • Different guideway arrangements
  13. 13. Guideway sections At-grade Elevated
  14. 14. Guideway sections In cutting
  15. 15. Guideway sections In tunnel
  16. 16. Guideway Sections Partial elevation
  17. 17. Guideway sections Embankment
  18. 18. Stations • Station arrangements: – At-grade – Below ground – Elevated – In building • Potential for ‘high street spur’?
  19. 19. High Street Stations Pedestrian Main PRT network crossing points Pedestrianised high street Slower at-grade spur serving high street Bus-stop / taxi rank style stops
  20. 20. Replacement of Modes Growth of Mobility in France. Distance Travelled per Day per Capita (Grubler, 1990) 100,000 10,000 Buses & Car Rail TGV Air Two-wheeler Horses Metres 1,000 Waterways Rail 2 Wheelers Cars & Buses All modes All modes Trend Buses & Car Air Horses 100 TGVs Rail Waterways 10 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000
  21. 21. Replacement of Modes • Replacing another PT mode entirely • Replacing car trips So… • Potential to re-allocate road space • Environmental improvements from traffic reduction
  22. 22. Reallocation of road space Typical urban road Bus lane
  23. 23. Reallocation of road space PRT at-grade PRT stop
  24. 24. Reallocation of road space PRT elevated PRT stop
  25. 25. Before…
  26. 26. After
  27. 27. Before…
  28. 28. After…
  29. 29. Before…
  30. 30. After…
  31. 31. Before…
  32. 32. Before…
  33. 33. Design details • Design details: – Form / structures – Colour – Lighting – Materials
  34. 34. Form Stations, guideway structure
  35. 35. Colour Vehicle livery Columns, guideway
  36. 36. Light Stations, guideway structure
  37. 37. Broad Principles 1. Role / function (may be more than one) 2. Context and applicability (may vary along route) 3. Re-allocation of road space 4. Attention to details

×