International Consulting Economists’ Association Transport in London: the last ten years and looking forward David Quarmby...
Transport in London <ul><li>The drivers of change </li></ul><ul><li>Postwar to the mid 1980’s </li></ul><ul><li>Mid 1980’s...
The drivers of change <ul><li>London – the global city </li></ul><ul><li>London’s growth – driving the UK economy </li></u...
Post war to the mid-80’s <ul><li>London in decline – policy of dispersal </li></ul><ul><li>No institutional reform – Londo...
Mid 1980s to 1999 <ul><li>London’s decline reversed – partly with Big Bang (1987) and the (bumpy!) UK econmic renaissance ...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
London’s golden age? 2000-now <ul><li>Institutional reform – Mayor and TfL </li></ul><ul><li>Ken Livingstone committed to ...
Congestion charge <ul><li>Homework done in ROCOL study 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2003 £5 charge for central area </li></u...
 
Congestion charge <ul><li>Homework done in ROCOL study 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2003 £5 charge for central area </li></u...
Congestion charge <ul><li>Traffic speeds have declined – back to late 90’s but traffic volumes have not increased </li></u...
 
Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>London Overground </li></ul>
 
 
Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>The Overground </li></ul>...
 
East London Line extension <ul><li>2010 – stage 1 of ELL extension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To Highbury and Islington via Dal...
 
Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>The Overground </li></ul>...
 
Thameslink [2000] Project <ul><li>Major enhancement of Blackfriars to St Pancras International: 12-car trains, 24/hour </l...
 
 
 
 
Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>The Overground </li></ul>...
 
Crossrail <ul><li>Maidenhead and Heathrow in the west, Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east </li></ul><ul><li>Crossrail Bi...
Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>The Overground </li></ul>...
 
 
 
CTRL + domestic services <ul><li>“ HS1” – 1hr 50m Brussels, 2hr 15m Paris </li></ul><ul><li>St Pancras restoration “a triu...
 
Docklands Light Railway <ul><li>After faltering start 19 years ago, now high performing, high frequency, much loved! </li>...
 
Trams <ul><li>Croydon Tramlink is to be extended to Crystal Palace </li></ul><ul><li>Cross River Tram plan published and c...
 
 
Buses <ul><li>Major recovery of quality and reliability since 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality incentive contracts with ...
 
 
Fares and Ticketing <ul><li>Oyster card – travel card, concession and Pay-as-you-go </li></ul><ul><li>PAYG capped at daily...
 
Timings… <ul><li>2007 Eurostar switches from Waterloo to St Pancras </li></ul><ul><li>Zone fares on local rail service </l...
Summary <ul><li>Since 2000 broad canvas of improvements: bus, tube, DLR, Tram, main-line rail, sustainable travel, pedestr...
International Consulting Economists’ Association Transport in London: the last ten years and looking forward David Quarmby...
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Transport in london

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Transport in london

  1. 1. International Consulting Economists’ Association Transport in London: the last ten years and looking forward David Quarmby CBE Director, Colin Buchanan
  2. 2. Transport in London <ul><li>The drivers of change </li></ul><ul><li>Postwar to the mid 1980’s </li></ul><ul><li>Mid 1980’s to 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>London’s golden age – 2000 to now </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion charge </li></ul><ul><li>Rail </li></ul><ul><li>DLR and trams </li></ul><ul><li>Buses </li></ul><ul><li>Ticketing and marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  3. 3. The drivers of change <ul><li>London – the global city </li></ul><ul><li>London’s growth – driving the UK economy </li></ul><ul><li>The opportunities of privatisation </li></ul><ul><li>Ground-breaking institutional reform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The office of Mayor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TfL: the pan-modal delivery organisation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ken Livingstone committed to (and knows about) transport </li></ul>
  4. 4. Post war to the mid-80’s <ul><li>London in decline – policy of dispersal </li></ul><ul><li>No institutional reform – London Transport (bus and tube) and British Rail as before </li></ul><ul><li>Maggie abolished GLC 1986 – neutered any strategic leadership for London </li></ul><ul><li>Limited innovation and development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Victoria Line 1968 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jubilee Line 1979 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The first bus lanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travelcard early 1980s </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Mid 1980s to 1999 <ul><li>London’s decline reversed – partly with Big Bang (1987) and the (bumpy!) UK econmic renaissance Thatcher onwards </li></ul><ul><li>The regeneration of Docklands (bumpy!) </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of DLR and then Jubilee Line extension </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of Croydon Tramlink </li></ul><ul><li>Privatisation of London bus companies (but still regulated/planned network) </li></ul><ul><li>Privatisation of national railways </li></ul>
  6. 13. London’s golden age? 2000-now <ul><li>Institutional reform – Mayor and TfL </li></ul><ul><li>Ken Livingstone committed to transport </li></ul><ul><li>Moved quickly on congestion charge </li></ul><ul><li>Saddled with tube PPP but secured favourable £££ deal with government </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatically improved buses </li></ul><ul><li>Oyster card </li></ul><ul><li>Taking more control of commuter rail </li></ul><ul><li>Strong promotion of ‘smarter travel’ </li></ul>
  7. 14. Congestion charge <ul><li>Homework done in ROCOL study 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2003 £5 charge for central area </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2007 extended to West London </li></ul>
  8. 16. Congestion charge <ul><li>Homework done in ROCOL study 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2003 £5 charge for central area </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2007 extended to West London </li></ul><ul><li>In July 2006 raised to £8 </li></ul><ul><li>Initially reduced car volumes 30-40% </li></ul><ul><li>Speeded up buses, made more reliable </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion reduced, £90m revenue at first </li></ul><ul><li>But </li></ul><ul><li>Costs running at 50% of revenue </li></ul>
  9. 17. Congestion charge <ul><li>Traffic speeds have declined – back to late 90’s but traffic volumes have not increased </li></ul><ul><li>Some road traffic capacity reduced to favour pedestrians and cyclists – retiming signals, pavement widening </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor committed to distance-based road pricing for rest of London in longer term – has done trials of GPS-based systems </li></ul><ul><li>Some suburban centres may have charge </li></ul>
  10. 19. Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>London Overground </li></ul>
  11. 22. Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>The Overground </li></ul><ul><li>East London Line extension </li></ul>
  12. 24. East London Line extension <ul><li>2010 – stage 1 of ELL extension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To Highbury and Islington via Dalston Junction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Via Southern’s tracks to Crystal Palace and W Croydon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 2 – connection from Surrey Docks to Peckham Rye, then west to Clapham Junction </li></ul>
  13. 26. Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>The Overground </li></ul><ul><li>East London Line extension </li></ul><ul><li>Thameslink project </li></ul>
  14. 28. Thameslink [2000] Project <ul><li>Major enhancement of Blackfriars to St Pancras International: 12-car trains, 24/hour </li></ul><ul><li>Blackfriars station access both sides of river </li></ul><ul><li>London Bridge, 3 more through platforms, more through trains </li></ul><ul><li>New pattern of through services, including from Kent and from Dartford in particular </li></ul><ul><li>To Kings Lynn, Cambridge and Peterborough as well as Bedford </li></ul><ul><li>Work will start 2009 – service enhancement, Blackfriars station etc by 2011; London Bridge rebuild and wider service patters - 2015 </li></ul>
  15. 33. Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>The Overground </li></ul><ul><li>East London Line extension </li></ul><ul><li>Thameslink project </li></ul><ul><li>Crossrail </li></ul>
  16. 35. Crossrail <ul><li>Maidenhead and Heathrow in the west, Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east </li></ul><ul><li>Crossrail Bill through Parliamentary stages </li></ul><ul><li>Full size 12-car trains, 3-5 min interval </li></ul><ul><li>Cost £12bn NPV: mix of funding – govt, TfL, business rate slice, borrowing </li></ul><ul><li>Major work will not start till after Olympics, some services running from 2017 </li></ul>
  17. 36. Rail in London <ul><li>New trains, performance improved (with some exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>The Overground </li></ul><ul><li>East London Line extension </li></ul><ul><li>Thameslink project </li></ul><ul><li>Crossrail </li></ul><ul><li>CTRL, and domestic services </li></ul>
  18. 40. CTRL + domestic services <ul><li>“ HS1” – 1hr 50m Brussels, 2hr 15m Paris </li></ul><ul><li>St Pancras restoration “a triumph” </li></ul><ul><li>Ebbsfleet major P&R and regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic services from East Kent to Stratford and St Pancras via Ebbsfleet from 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic reductions in running time </li></ul><ul><li>Hitachi ‘bullet trains’ </li></ul>
  19. 42. Docklands Light Railway <ul><li>After faltering start 19 years ago, now high performing, high frequency, much loved! </li></ul><ul><li>Lewisham extension opened Nov 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>City Airport extension opened Dec 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Woolwich extension started summer 2005, opens Feb 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>3-unit trains on Lewisham-Bank by 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Takes over NLL Canning Town to Stratford then to Stratford International </li></ul>
  20. 44. Trams <ul><li>Croydon Tramlink is to be extended to Crystal Palace </li></ul><ul><li>Cross River Tram plan published and consulted </li></ul><ul><li>But no hurry to move forward with it </li></ul>
  21. 47. Buses <ul><li>Major recovery of quality and reliability since 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality incentive contracts with operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All low floor vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oyster smart card >95% peak passengers </li></ul><ul><li>More fill-in routes </li></ul><ul><li>40% increase in bus ridership </li></ul><ul><li>Spider maps v helpful for route-finding </li></ul>
  22. 50. Fares and Ticketing <ul><li>Oyster card – travel card, concession and Pay-as-you-go </li></ul><ul><li>PAYG capped at daily travelcard price </li></ul><ul><li>Auto-top-up with debit card </li></ul><ul><li>Available bus, tube, DLR, tram, London Overground – and gains discount on river services </li></ul><ul><li>PAYG being introduced on national rail services in Greater London </li></ul>
  23. 52. Timings… <ul><li>2007 Eurostar switches from Waterloo to St Pancras </li></ul><ul><li>Zone fares on local rail service </li></ul><ul><li>London Overground takes over NLL etc </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2009 DLR extension to Woolwich opens </li></ul><ul><li>2009 Longer trains on DLR – Lewisham/Bank </li></ul><ul><li>CTRL dom services to Kent, SE rail services reshaped </li></ul><ul><li>2010 Greenwich Waterfront Transit – Woolwich to N Greenwich </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>East London Line extension opens </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DLR runs Canning Town to Stratford International </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2011 Thameslink project stage 1 longer, more frequent trains on current routes </li></ul><ul><li>Thameslink project stage 2 – new routes </li></ul><ul><li>2017 Crossrail stage 1 opens </li></ul>
  24. 53. Summary <ul><li>Since 2000 broad canvas of improvements: bus, tube, DLR, Tram, main-line rail, sustainable travel, pedestrian conditions, licensing mini-cabs </li></ul><ul><li>As London grows, the main-line rail network now benefits from investment: integration, upgrade, extensions – and the Mayor has increasing control over it </li></ul><ul><li>More progress in London’s Transport in the last 8 years than the previous 28. </li></ul>
  25. 54. International Consulting Economists’ Association Transport in London: the last ten years and looking forward David Quarmby CBE Director, Colin Buchanan

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