Spanish Traditional Songs and Dances


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  • This is a very nice repertoire of spanish traditional songs and dances. It is a great start to have an overview of Spain multi-faceted culture. Thanks for sharing!
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Spanish Traditional Songs and Dances

  1. 1. OUR SCHOOL: SAN JUAN BAUTISTA – LA SALLE SPANISH TRADITIONAL MUSIC AND DANCES Spain's traditional music is essentially a multi-faceted mosaic of the many cultures of Spain's long and colorful history. For this reason, the traditional music and dance vary as you travel from region to region. For the fourth part of our project “Traditional Music and Dances” we would like to share with all of you some of The Spanish Traditional Dances that are typical from some of our regions. You will learn a bit about: Jota. The fast tempo jota originally hails from Aragón but is popular - with minor modifications - throughout the rest of Spain. With probable Moorish influences, the jota is typically danced in two's as couples raise their hands above their heads playing castanets. Flamenco. Attributed to Andalucía's persecuted gypsy culture, flamenco is a passionate form of music and dance combining Jewish, Moorish and Andalucían influences. Paso Doble. The paso doble is a quick and lively one-step traditional Spanish dance. Sardana. Danced in a closed circle by several couples joined at the hands, the sardana is a popular form of traditional Spanish music and dance from Cataluña. Muñeira. Whether alone or in two's, the muñeira - or "Miller's Dance" - is a typical dance in Galicia and Asturias accompanied by soulful bagpipe music.
  2. 2. CANTABRIA Cantabria is a Spanish historical region and autonomous community with Santander as its capital city. It is bordered on the east by the Basque Autonomous Community (province of Biscay), on the south by Castile and León (provinces of León, Palencia and Burgos), on the west by the Principality of Asturias, and on the north by the Cantabrian Sea (Bay of Biscay). Regional Customs It can be a differentiation and description of the different regional costumes of Cantabria according to the different geographical locations of the autonomous region. We have chosen the traditional one from the mountains. Women’s custom The Catabrian Montañés regional costume for women consists of: Shirt: Strong home canvas with very wide sleeves. Skirt: long, four or six fingers above the ankle, in cloth, being the most common tones bright orange, green and yellow. At the bottom, one or two strips of black velvet. Tights: Knee-length white or blue. Footwear: black cloth shoes. Jewls: colorful necklaces and long earrings. Headdress: silk or cotton floral scarves with brilliant tones.
  3. 3. Men’s Custom The Cantabrian Montañés regional custome for men is formed by: Shirt: strong home canvas, long up to the knees, open up the chest, closing with thread with the shape of candy buttons. Trousers: made of thin cloth. Vest: silk carved with tiny and colorful prints. Jacket: made of dark cloth, short, without rolling, round-tipped or peak, sleeve straight. Band: silk or worsted wool, red, blue, green, purple... Footwear: tall and strong in the natural color of the leather. Headdress: High hat of black felt. Complements: Pinto stick. CANTABRIAN DANCES Dances, songs and popular music of Cantabria are very rich. Throughout the year, especially between San Juan and San Miguel, parties which combine two types of attraction occur by peoples: the religious celebration in honor of the patron saints and the Virgin of the place and the pagan amusements with more or less survival of folk traditionally. Processions, music and dances, Holy cults and folk competitions, composed a classical picture that is repeated with little variation.
  4. 4. Both songs and traditional dances of the mountain, and even the regional costume, are an elemental elegance, but next to the simple marzas, Maya and picayos (almost bare recitation) find other events more complicated, such as La Danza de Ibio, the Baile de las Lanzas (in Ruiloba), the Trepeletré (in Liébana). TYPICAL INSTRUMENTS The vocal melodies are accompanied by tambourines, whistles, drums, castanets and a rebec (medieval string instrument). Rebec Rabel
  5. 5. CATALUÑA Catalonia is an autonomous community of Spain, with the official status of a nationality. Catalonia comprises four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. Its capital and largest city is Barcelona, the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, and the center of one of the largest metropolitan areas in Europe. Regional Customs Women’s custom The Catalan regional costume for women consists of several elements: The "bully", a net made of thread that adorns his head and gives them comfort when dancing. Velvet black dress, in the case of the "pubilla’s" dress (formerly known as the heiress daughter of a family), or white shirt for the "Catalan" suit (implying that it was a woman's farmhouse worker.) The "mantellina" or "Mantell" can be of lace or other fabrics that women wear to cover their shoulders. The "mitenes" are nets made of the same material as the bully and used to cover the arms, from the elbow to the middle of the thumb and the top of the other four fingers. Petticoats are pieces of fine white linen, which go under the skirt to add volume. The skirt made of linen and decorated with floral motifs. An apron placed over the skirt, usually black. Jewels, with ornamental function, brooches and earrings highlight women.
  6. 6. Men’s Custom The Catalan regional custome for men is formed by: The “black barretina” that is the red and black cap that covers the head. A white linen or cotton shirt or blouse. The “jupetí”, a black velvet vest that covers the shirt. “Faixa”, a strip between 30 and 50 cm wide that holds the shirt and the “jupetí” by the lumbar zone. Knee-length black velvet trouser. The traditional footwear was the esparto canvas shoes although at the moment also moccasin shoes are used. CATALONIAN DANCE As the Catalan part of our cultural identity, in Barcelona events could not ignore traditional folk dances. The sardana is a type of circle dance typical of Catalonia. The dance was originally from the Empordà region, but started gaining popularity throughout Catalonia during the 20th century.
  7. 7. TYPICAL INSTRUMENTS Music for the sardana is played by a cobla, a band consisting of 10 wind instruments, double bass and a tamborí (very small drum) played by 11 musicians. The cobla has five woodwind instruments: the flabiol which is a small fipple flute, and the tenora and tible (two of each) which belong to the oboe family. These and the tamborí are typical Catalan instruments. The brass instruments include: two trumpets, two fiscorns (a type of saxhorn created by Adolph Sax during the 19th century), and a trombone (usually a valve trombone). The double bass was traditionally a three- stringed one, but now the part is usually written for and played on the modern (four-stringed) instrument.
  8. 8. MADRID Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The population of the city is roughly 3.3 millionand the entire population of the Madrid metropolitan area is calculated to be around 6.5 million. It is the third- largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan area is the third-largest in the European Union after London and Paris. Regional Customs Male costumes consist of a vest with a carnation on its lapel, tight dark trousers, a black and white cap, shiny ankle boots and a white scarf around the neck. Females cover their hair with a white scarf and a carnation and they dress either a tight white blouse or polka dotted skirt or the traditional ankle-length polka dotted dress with a Manila shawl over it.
  9. 9. MADRILENIAN DANCE Chotis The name derives from German Schottisch (Scottish) and originated in Central Europe (Bohemia) as a typical folk-dance. Chotis reached Madrid in 1850, being danced for the first time at the Royal Palace on the 3rd of November of that same year, under the denomination of German Polka. From then on, its popularity spread and Chotis became the most genuine dance in the Madrilenian area, to the point that it represents their festive spirit. It is fairly easy to dance Chotis. It is a partnered dance in which the couples are facing each other. The woman dances around the man while she makes him turn around his own central axis. The man holds the woman with one hand and keeps the other inside his vest pocket. His feet are kept together while he spins on his shoe tips while the woman dances around him. At a certain music beat, they both move three steps backwards and three steps forward followed by more turning and spinning. TYPICAL INSTRUMENTS It is usually performed by a typical Madrilenian instrument, the barrel organ. This portable instrument is a 19th century English invention. To perform its music it is necessary to turn a crank which moves a
  10. 10. cylinder in which different pins and staples play the keyboards inside a wooden box. ARAGÓN Aragon is an autonomous community of Spain, resulting from the historical kingdom of the same name. It is located in northern Spain, and is bordered to the north by France, on the west by the autonomous communities of Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León, La Rioja, Navarra and on the east by Catalonia and Valencia. Aragon is divided into three provinces: Huesca, Teruel and Zaragoza. Regional Customs In Aragón the typical costume is known as Baturro or Baturra´s costume. Is the costume that used the Jota dancers. For men: Men should wear a knee length black shorts along with a white shirt with a vest. The belt (usually red) should be placed at the waist, over shirt and pants. In the head they wear a handkerchief with black or red boxes. On the feet, they dress soled espadrilles or sandals. For women: The Aragon costume for women consists of old underwear, under a long skirt with flower print. A white shirt or blouse and above it, a shawl or scarf usually dark colored. The legs are covered with white stockings and shoes, sandals or espadrilles.
  11. 11. ARAGONESE DANCE Jota Aragonese Jota is the most outstanding manifestation of Aragonese folklore as well as constituting a genre in itself which is present in most Spanish communities. The way it is performed nowadays derives from late 18th and early 19th century customs. It is carried out by dancers, singers and a small music band or rondalla consisting mainly of guitars, lutes and bandurrias (lute-type instruments). TYPICAL INSTRUMENTS The rondalla is mainly composed of stringed instruments such as the guitar, the lute and the bandurria although lately similar guitar-like instruments (guitarro, guitarrico, requinto) are being recovered and played together with castanets and tambourines. In an ordinary rondalla the guitar is the low note that is played with a strumming technique. The highed-pitched bandurria is in charge of the instrumental accompaniment whereas the lute introduces the counterpoint.
  12. 12. ANDALUCÍA Flamenco is a genre of Spanish music, song, and dance from Andalusia, in southern Spain, that includes cante (singing), toque (guitar playing), baile (dance) and palmas (handclaps). In recent years flamenco has become popular all over the world. UNESCO declared flamenco one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
  13. 13. Andalusia is in the South of Spain. The territory is divided into eight provinces: Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Seville. Its capital is the city of Seville. Court of the Lions La Alhambra Córdoba Mosque Seville Giralda
  14. 14. Flamenco occurs in four settings: The juerga that can include dancing, singing, palmas (hand clapping). The cantaores (singers) are the heart and soul of the performance. Camarón de la Isla was one of the most famous cantaores.
  15. 15. There are also tablaos, establishments that may have their own company of performers for each show. Many internationally renowned artists started their careers in tablaos flamencos.
  16. 16. The professional concert. A dance concert usually includes two or three guitars, one or more singers and one or more dancers. One of the singers may play the cajon, a wooden box drum played with the hands and palmeros (handclaps). The so-called Nuevo Flamenco or "new flamenco", popularized by artists such as Camarón de la Isla, may include flutes or saxophones, a piano or other keyboard, even the bass guitar and the electric guitar.
  17. 17. Finally, the theatrical presentation of flamenco is now an extended and sophisticated performance in its own right, comparable to a ballet, by such ensembles the famous Sara Baras Ballet Flamenco Company. Sara Baras and Joaquín Cortés are internationally famous flamenco dancers and regularly tours the world.
  18. 18. GALICIA Muiñeira is a traditional dance and musical genre typical to Galicia, north- western in Spain. Muiñeira “is the Galician word for the English word “miller”. This traditional “Miller´s Dance” is called this way because it was danced by country people while they were waiting in the mills to grind the grain into flour. “A Muiñeira” is a very rythmic, fast, bright and colourful dance. It is usually danced in Galician festivals, where there is a traditional enviroment and many popular customs from old times are revived. It’s danced in a group formed by mixed pairs.
  19. 19. Galicia is an autonomous community in northwest Spain. It comprises the provinces of A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense and Pontevedra. Their music is classified as part of the body of Celtic music. Santiaqo de Compostela cathedral. Hércules Tower
  20. 20. “A Muiñeira“ is danced to the time of 6/8. It has two or more parts and these parts have 8 times each. It consists of two or three parts: one to execute puntos and the other to execute voltas, which always have 16 times. The volta can be executed in a ring or in a diagonal. Dancers often form a circle. Jumps are incorporated, synchronized with percussion accompaniment. The position of the arms is very characteristic because they move from one side of the body to the other according to the rhythm of the music.
  21. 21. TYPICAL INSTRUMENTS The instruments that are played to accompany this dance are: Galician bagpipe Gaiteiros, or bagpipe players. Gaita is the most representative Galician musical instrument. Carlos Nuñez is one of the most famous bagpipers in Spain.
  22. 22. Bass drum Tambourine Shell In the different areas of the region, this dance can be accompanied by other typical instruments from each place; or even, sometimes these dances are only accompanied by songs sang by a group of female singers called “cantareiras”.
  23. 23. Regional Customs