IntroduksiTeknologi InformasiIntroduction to Information TechnologyMateri Pertama Matakuliah Pengantar Teknologi InformasiDisampaikan oleh Coky Fauzi Alfi
Contents▪ What is information technology?▪ Computer technology and communication technology▪ History of Information technology▪ The role of information technology▪ Competency in IT▪ Advantages and disadvantages of IT
What is InformationTechnology?When computer andcommunicationstechnologies are combinedthe result isinformation technologyor“infotech.”
So,....Information Technology(IT)is a general term that describes anytechnology that helps toproduce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information.
So,....Information Technology(IT)is the study, design, development,implementation, support or managementof computer-based information systems,particularly software applications andcomputer hardware.(Information Technology Association of America (ITAA))
Computer Technology &Communication Technology▪ Computer Technology A computer is a programmable, multiuse machine that accepts data—raw facts and figures—and processes, or manipulates, it into information we can use, such as summaries, totals, or reports. Its purpose is to speed up problem solving and increase productivity.▪ Communication Technology also called telecommunications technology, consists of electromagnetic devices and systems for communicating over long distances. The principal examples are telephone, radio, broadcast television, and cable TV.
The addition of communication amongcomputers—which is what happenswhen people “go online” on theinternet.
The Era of Information Technology Premechanical Electromechanical3000 NowB.C. Mechanical Electronic
History Of InformationTechnology 1.Premechanical (3000 B.C. – 1450 A.D.) When humans first started communicating they would try to use language or simple picture drawings known as petroglyths which were usually carved in rock.
History Of InformationTechnology 2. Mechanical (1450 -1840) Technologies like the slide rule (an analog computer used for multiplying and dividing) were invented. Blaise Pascal invented the Pascaline which was a very popular mechanical computer. Charles Babbage developed the difference engine which tabulated polynomial equations using the method of finite differences.
History Of InformationTechnology 3. Electromechani cal (1840 – 1940) These are the beginnings of telecommunication. The first large-scale automatic digital computer in the United States was the Mark 1 created by Harvard University around 1940.
History Of InformationTechnology 4. Electronic (1940 – Now) There are 4 main sections of digital computing. 1. The era of vacuum tubes, punch cards and rotating magnetic drums 2. The era of transistors, magnetic tape and magnetic cores 3. The era of integrated circuits (ICs) 4. The era of CPUs (Central Processing Units) which contained memory, logic, and control circuits all on a single chip
How is Information Technology being Used in Education?IT in education: The promise of more interactive & individualized learning
How are Information Technologybeing Used in Health andMedicine? IT in health: High tech for wellness
How will computers affect myfinancial matters?
In what ways are computerschanging government andpolitics?
How areInformation Scientific PracticesTechnologybeing Used increativity andproductivity? IT Business Cultural Practices Practices Information Technology
Competency in IT▪ Feel comfortable using and operating a computer system▪ Be able to make the computer work for you▪ Be able to interact with the computer▪ Be comfortable in cyberspace▪ Understand the impact of computer on society, now and in the future▪ Be an intelligent consumer of computer hardware and software▪ Be conversant in the language of computer and information technology
Advantages andDisadvantages of ITAdvantages Disadvantages▪ Globalization ▪ Unemployment▪ Communication ▪ Privacy▪ Cost effectiveness ▪ Lack of job security▪ Bridging the cultural gap ▪ Dominant culture▪ More time▪ Creation of new jobs