Konsep Dasar Komunikasi


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Konsep Dasar Komunikasi

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Konsep Dasar Komunikasi

  1. 1. Kuliah 1 Proses Komunikasi<br />Oleh Coky Fauzi Alfi<br />cokyfauzialfi.wordpress.com<br />Konsep Dasar Komunikasi<br />
  2. 2. Topics<br />Defining Communication<br />Models of Communication<br />The Value of Understanding Communication Theory<br />
  3. 3. Defining Communication<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. In the most fundamental way, communication depends on our ability tounderstand one another.<br />
  6. 6. Communication is a social process in whichindividuals employ symbols to establishand interpret meaning in their environment.<br />
  7. 7. Five Key Terms in Communication<br />
  8. 8. When interpretingcommunication as social, it involves two people, whoact as senders and receivers.<br />Communication is a process means that it isongoing and unending.The process nature of communication also means that much canhappenfrom the beginning of a conversation to the end.<br />
  9. 9. Communication is symbols. A symbol is anarbitrary label or representation ofphenomena.<br /><ul><li>Concrete symbolsis the symbol represents an object
  10. 10. Abstractsymbolsis the symbol stands for a thought or idea</li></li></ul><li>Meaning is what people extract from amessage.In communication episodes, messages can have more than one meaning andeven multiple layers of meaning. <br />
  11. 11. Environment is the situation or context in which communication occurs. Theenvironment includes a number ofelements, including time, place, historicalperiod, relationship, and a speaker’s and listener’s cultural backgrounds.<br />
  12. 12. Models of Communication<br />
  13. 13. The linearmodel ofcommunication<br />The interactionalmodelof communication<br />The transactional model of communication<br />
  14. 14. Communication as Action: The Linear Model<br />
  15. 15.
  16. 16. Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver (1949) described communication as a linear process.<br />They were concerned with radio and telephone technology and wanted todevelop a model that could explain how information passed through various channels.<br />Examples: a letter, email, text message, lecture.<br />
  17. 17. Bell's drawing of the workings of a telephone, from his original sketches<br />
  18. 18. Communication as Interaction: The Interactional Model<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Wilbur Schramm (1954) conceptualized the interactional modelof communication, which emphasizes the two-waycommunication process betweencommunicators.<br />In other words, communication goes intwo directions: from sender to receiver and from receiver to sender.<br />Examples: instant messaging or a question/answer session<br />
  21. 21. Communication as Transaction: The Transactional Model<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. Dean Barnlund (1970) :The transactional model of communicationunderscores the simultaneous sending andreceiving of messages in a communication episode.<br />Communication is transactional means that the process is cooperative; the sender and thereceiver are mutually responsible for the effect and the effectiveness of communication.<br />Examples: talking/listening to friends<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. The Value of Understanding Communication Theory<br />
  26. 26. Understanding communicationtheory cultivatescriticalthinkingskills<br />Understanding communicationtheoryhelpsyouto recognize the breadth and depth of research<br />Understanding communicationtheoryhelps to makesense of personallifeexperiences<br />Communication theory fosters self-awareness<br />
  27. 27. © 2011<br />cokyfauzialfi.wordpress.com<br />What’s Your Message?<br />