Computer Hardware-Part 1

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Computer Hardware: Chassis, Power Supply, Motherboard

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Computer Hardware-Part 1

  1. 1. Kuliah 2 Pengantar Teknologi Informasi<br />Oleh Coky Fauzi Alfi<br />cokyfauzialfi.wordpress.com<br />Hardware (1)<br />
  2. 2. Topics<br />Hardware is...<br />PC versus MAC<br />Personal Computing Hardware Timeline<br />The Case (Chassis)<br />Power Supply<br />Motherboard<br />
  3. 3. Hardware is the physical part of a computer — anything you can touch andanything you can see. The computer chassis, themonitor, the keyboard, themouse — that physical stuff is hardware.<br />
  4. 4. PC versus MAC<br />Vs<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. The First PC’s<br />
  7. 7. The Case (Chassis)<br />
  8. 8. Functions<br />Protecting all components of computer<br />Providing airflow<br />Noise insulation<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Layout<br />Conventional chassis for a basic computer<br />
  12. 12. Power Mac Chassis<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Size<br />
  15. 15. Airflow<br />
  16. 16. Components can get very hot, and good airflow is needed to get that heat away from thecomponents.<br />There are three main airflow models :<br />Negative Pressure―sucking all the hot air out of the case.<br />Positive Pressure―pushing hot air out of the case<br />Equalised Airflow―equal air intake and exhaust.<br />
  17. 17. Power Supply<br />
  18. 18. The power supply is the heart of the computer.It provides all of the other components in the computer with power.<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Connectors<br />Molex Connector (Standard)<br />SATA Connector<br />
  21. 21. Floppy<br />Connector<br />4+4 pin (CPU)<br />Connector<br />20+4 pin (Motherboard)<br />Connector<br />PCIe (6+2 pin)<br />Connector<br />
  22. 22. Modular vs Non-Modular<br />Left: Modular<br />Right: Non-Modular<br />
  23. 23. Motherboard<br />
  24. 24. A motherboard is also called a main board or just “The Board”.<br />
  25. 25. The First Motherboard―Apple II (1977)<br />
  26. 26. Motherboard Map<br />
  27. 27. Motherboard Size<br />
  28. 28. Standard ATX<br />Having six or sevenexpansion slots and often have more SATA and IDE ports than on a Micro-ATX motherboard.<br />
  29. 29. Micro-ATX<br />The only real differencebetween ATX and Micro-ATX motherboards is the number of expansion slots and the amount of space on the boards.<br />
  30. 30. Mini-ITX<br />Mini-ITX motherboardsusually have very few SATA ports, rarelyhave an IDE port, and typically only one expansion slot.<br />
  31. 31. Chipsets<br />Components which are connected to themotherboard are controlled and connected by the chipset.<br />This usually comprises of a northbridge chip and a southbridge chip.<br />
  32. 32. Chipset Map<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Northbridge<br />The northbridge chip allows the CPU, RAM and Graphics Card(s) (via PCIExpress lanes or, before that, AGP lanes) tocommunicate between each other.<br />The northbridge no longer exists as a chip on the motherboard on newer systems; instead the PCIExpress and RAM controllers have been incorporated into the processor itself.<br />
  35. 35. Southbridge<br />The southbridge is responsible for thecommunication between the other components, external devices, audio and the network.<br />
  36. 36. Main Slots<br />
  37. 37. CPU Socket<br />
  38. 38. Memory Slots<br />
  39. 39. Power Connector<br />
  40. 40. Expansion Slots<br />
  41. 41. Connectors<br />
  42. 42. I/O Panels<br />
  43. 43. © 2011<br />cokyfauzialfi.wordpress.com<br />What’s Your Message?<br />

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