Biometrics Primer


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A guide to understanding the various components of a biometric system architecture and how Fulcrum Biometrics can help.

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Biometrics Primer

  1. 1. Biometrics Primer
  2. 2. Fulcrum BiometricsIntroduction Fulcrum Biometrics was founded 10 years ago as a biometrics consultancy. Today, Fulcrum offers the largest selection of biometric hardware and software solutions in the world, including Fulcrum’s own brand of FbF® interoperable biometric solutions.
  3. 3. Biometric SystemArchitecture • Developer Tools • Biometric Capture Devices • Biometric-Enabled Client Applications • Integration Software • Biometric Matching Engine • RMS Database • Deployment Options
  4. 4. Developer Tools
  5. 5. Developer ToolGuidanceThere are three major ways that our customers create a biometric systems. 1. The first is to use Fulcrum’s development services to build a solution. 2. The second method is to use products from the Fulcrum Biometric Framework. The Fulcrum Biometric Framework is a suite of interoperable ready-to-deploy products manufactured by Fulcrum.  There are no complex SDKs to learn and there is no need to create a biometric matching engine from scratch. All of the FbF products were designed to reduce the complexity of development, integration and deployment of biometric-enabled applications. 3. The third method is to build a system from scratch utilizing a very robust software development kit (SDK) to create the solution. There are different types and manufacturers of fingerprint SDKs, but each has distinct pros and cons. • Device Manufacturer – Many of the fingerprint scanner manufacturers make their own SDK so that customers can create a solution using their scanners. It’s important to remember that these manufacturers are really interested in selling scanners instead of creating SDKs. These SDKs are typically best for 1:1 verifications and not 1:n identifications, because they are not scalable. Also, it’s important to remember that once you make a decision to use a device manufacturer’s SDK, you are locked into that manufacturer’s devices and can’t deviate from it should there be a need to in the future. • SDK Company - Fulcrum sells and utilizes in its own Fulcrum Biometric Framework an SDK from a company called Neurotechnology. Neurotechnology’s algorithms have won numerous awards and honors in the biometrics industry, because of its speed, accuracy, flexibility and scalability.
  6. 6. Developer ToolGuidance • If you have a relaxed development cycle and you need your own proprietary (built-from-scratch) solution, choose an SDK. • If your development cycle is urgent, short and you don’t need a proprietary (build it yourself solution), choose ready-to-deploy solutions that are award winning and certified by the highest level of government standardizing organizations.
  7. 7. Biometric CaptureDevicesFulcrum has the largest selection of biometric capture devices fromthese manufacturers (including Fulcrum’s own FbF-branded hardware).
  8. 8. Biometric CaptureDevice Guidance When deciding on which fingerprint scanner to use, you have to take into consideration the cost, value relationship. •There are single finger, dual finger, and 4 finger slap scanners but which one to use depends on what you are trying to accomplish. A vast majority of applications in the marketplace utilize a single finger scanner connected to a pc by way of a USB connector. Many law enforcement agencies use the 4 finger scanner. The single finger scanners are typically the least expensive and the 4 fingers are the most expensive. •There are different methods of constructing fingerprint scanners and each has some unique characteristics that make them better than others for various applications. There are optical scanners that use light to differentiate the valleys and ridges in a persons finger. There are capacitive scanners that use silicon and electrical current to map the fingerprint. You also have multispectral scanning devices which use multiple light sources. These multispectral scanners are excellent in capturing fingerprint information from those individuals that are difficult to capture images from such as the elderly, young children, and manual laborers. There are other technologies out there but these are the most common and widely used in the marketplace. •When considering a fingerprint scanner you also need to take into consideration how much information you want to obtain from the fingerprint to create the biometric template that is used for comparing. There are full finger scanners and swipe scanners and scanners that have been designed to meet certain FBI and law enforcement standards. Understanding which standards you do or don’t have to adhere to and understanding whether you are going to do 1:1 verifications or 1:n identifications will help you determine how much data from the finger has to be captured and which scanners will work best. Swipe sensors are the least expensive but capture the least amount of information.
  9. 9. Biometric CaptureDevice Guidance If your subjects have hard to read fingerprints, consider the biometric capture devices from these vendors.
  10. 10. Biometric-EnabledClient Applications Build your own - or - FbF Demographica (browser-based enrollment, identification, Integrate with one of Fulcrum’s authentication developed in Silverlight) web-based or mobile applications FbF mobileMatch (mobile device-based enrollment, identification, authentication developed in X-Code)
  11. 11. IntegrationSoftware A key challenge in developing any biometric application is the integration with a variety of biometric sensors. The FbF Listener overcomes this challenge, providing rapid client to server integration.
  12. 12. Biometric MatchingEngine You can develop the matching engine yourself using one of our Neurotechnology SDKs - or - you can choose a ready-to-deploy FbF bioServer (multi-biometric matching engine). Easily scales from hundreds of images to millions of images.
  13. 13. RMS DatabaseBest Practice Keep your Records Management Database (RMS) separate from Biometric Database.
  14. 14. Putting it AllTogether Biometric Client-side Server-side Server-side Capture Application Biometric RMS + Integration Matching Database SW Engine
  15. 15. DeploymentOptions • Premise-Based with Perpetual Licensing • Identity-as-a-Service (Fulcrum Hosting)
  16. 16. If You Need Help Fulcrum Biometrics is available to help you the following ways: •Architectural Guidance •Biometric Solution Selection •Application Development •Product Sales and Support •Identity-as-a-Service Hosting Contact us in the US at +1-800-430-4601 or via email Contact us in India at +91-124-4145414 or via email