Held at the 2nd European Summer School "Cultures & Technologies" (ESU-CT) in Leipzig, Germany, on July 28th, 2010. Thanks to everyone at the summer school for their feedback and many interesting discussions!
difference forms of reading: - close reading - distance reading - not-reading or scanning (Matt Kirschenbaum “The Remaking of Reading: Data Mining and the Digital Humanities“)
Visualization in the Digital Humanities
Visualization in the Digital Humanities A survey Cornelius Puschmann English Department Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
all sources, tools and methods described in this presentation can be googled and wikipediad!
Franco Moretti Graphs, Maps, Trees (2005) Information and ideas on visualization Edwar Tufte The Visual Display of Quantitative Informantion (1983) Ben Fry Visualizing Data (2008) Aditi Muralidharan's blog Twitter Processing.org
is visualization... … a tool for research („cultural analytics“)? … a means of aestheticizing data? … a form of info-democratization? … just a fad? should we as digital humanists care? what forms of visualizations are being used and for what communicative purposes?
scientific visualizations present multiple dimensions of data... days of the week number of cars
...and ask if a relationship exists between them
Dimension 1: word length Dimension 2: number of unique letters Dimesion 3: overall frequency of the word (size of the dot) Dimension 4: is the word of Anglo-Saxon (red) or Latin (blue) origin? ...and ask if a relationship exists between them
up to now, the data visualized has typically been quantitative
Franco Moretti's line graphs showing the rise of the novel
scientific visualization traditionally works with quantitative data (statistics) consequence: visualization must be adjusted for DH use non-numerical data multivariate data subjectively quantified data
R NLTK Processing.org programming/scripting GUI Many Eyes MALLET Wordle Google Charts tools
what can we visualize? letters words (strings) morphemes phrases clauses narrative sequences named entitites direct speech paragraphs sentences semantic roles rhetorical devices metaphors moves character descriptions pages passages we like shifting points of view
the <positive-emotion>happy</positive-emotion> girl the <negative-emotion>depressed</negative-emotion> boy