Session 1: Defining Open Education              Carl Blyth          Director, COERLL           August 9, 2012
Symposium (n.)1. A meeting for the discussion of a single   topic, usually including many speakers   and an audience (virt...
Agenda1. Introduction to COERLL2. Presentation: “The Impact of Open   Education on Foreign Language   Learning”3. Activity...
Coral                      Coral by flightsaber    http://www.flickr.com/photos/flightsaber/2204190345CC BY-NC 2.0 (http:/...
Curlhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/19melissa68/4479055267/
CorelleCorelle_Snowflake Garland Cream &; Sugar with Salt & Paper (1974) by catface3       http://www.flickr.com/photos/jf...
Corral              Working on the cattle in the corrals.jpg by Alister.flinthttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Workin...
OER in COERLL
About COERLLNewest of the 15 National ForeignLanguage Resource Centers (2010 –2014), grant from US Department ofEducationL...
MissionLRC Mission: to improve the teaching andlearning of foreign languages by producingresources (materials and best pra...
Agenda1. Introduction to COERLL2. Presentation: “The Impact of Open   Education on Foreign Language   Learning”3. Activity...
What we mean by Open EducationUS Dept. of Education, Creative Commons& The Open Society Foundations sponsored“Why Open Edu...
Defining Open Education“A collective term that refers to forms ofeducation in which knowledge, ideas orimportant aspects o...
Open Education Movement“The open education (OE) movement is basedon a set of intuitions shared by a remarkablywide range o...
What we mean by OERThe term OER refers to anyeducational material offeredfreely for anyone to use,typically involving some...
What we mean by OPEN1. Free Access (online, no passwords, no fees)2. Enable the “4 R’s”    Reuse - copy verbatim    Redist...
“Gratis” vs. “Libre”Photo source: free (http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonx/2698947622/) / tonx(http://www.flickr.com/photos...
Degrees of Open: MaterialsCLOSED                          OPENTraditional            OERsMaterial               Reuse / Re...
Degrees of Open: Classrooms CLOSED                             OPENTraditional            Online• Physical classroom   • V...
Degrees of Open: Research    CLOSED                                  OPENTraditional research             Open research•  ...
Big vs. Little OERBig OER                                                Little OERTypically generated by institutions.   ...
OER EnablersOpen Licenses                  Open StandardsPermission to                  How to designshare OERs           ...
Open Licenses  Creative Commons“some rights reserved”              Attribution             (Derivatives)            (Comme...
Degrees of Open: LicensesCLOSED                                          OPEN                Mosaic Cow in St. Joseph, Mic...
StandardsNational Standards                                 LARC Standards-Based LessonState Standards                  Pl...
TechnologySocial sharing sitesReuse :: RedistributeRevise :: Remix
COERLL’s Technology Strategies             Modular content             Embeddable Media             (YouTube)             ...
Communities        Collaboration among        communities of:          Educators          Learners          Administrators...
Hybrid Spanish (U of Utah)     Fernando Rubio
Open Learning Initiative (CMU)        Chris Jones
Acceso (U of Kansas)Amy Rossomondo & Jonathan Perkins
Français interactif (UT-Austin)Georges Détiveaux & Amanda Dalola
Open LCTL TextbooksYoruba Yemihttp://coerll.utexas.edu/yemi
Open Spanish Corpus & Materials        Spanish in Texas Website   http://sites.la.utexas.edu/spanishtx
Projects: Open Source ToolseComma collaborative annotation tool  http://coerll.utexas.edu/ecomma
Other COERLL projects:                OERs for LCTLsGateway to Chinesehttp://www.laits.utexas.edu/ppp  Suite of tools for ...
Benefits to LearnersLowering costs.Materials can be adapted to meet local andpersonal needs.Community involvement = qualit...
Benefits to EducatorsGreater impact; reach more learners and gainrecognitionMore control over materialsProgram fees from p...
Challenges of OERWork involved in selecting and assemblingall the pieces needed for a completelanguage program.Educators n...
Visualizing Cognitive Surplus
Slides and LinksCheck website for details:http://sites.la.utexas.edu/power-of-openness
Q&A PeriodWhat questions do you (still) have about OpenEducation and Language Learning?
Agenda1. Introduction to COERLL2. Presentation: “The Impact of Open   Education on Foreign Language   Learning”3. Activity...
“Envisioning Open Education”1. React to what you just heard about Open   Education. What are your reactions to this   pres...
Lunch Period!School lunches from around the world
The OER in COERLL: Defining Open Education
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The OER in COERLL: Defining Open Education

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Presentation by Carl Blyth at "The Power of Openness: Improving Foreign Language Learning Through Open Education", held at the University of Texas at Austin and online on August 9-10, 2012.

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The OER in COERLL: Defining Open Education

  1. 1. Session 1: Defining Open Education Carl Blyth Director, COERLL August 9, 2012
  2. 2. Symposium (n.)1. A meeting for the discussion of a single topic, usually including many speakers and an audience (virtual and F2F).2. (in Ancient Greece) A convivial gathering that included eating, drinking and intellectual conversation.
  3. 3. Agenda1. Introduction to COERLL2. Presentation: “The Impact of Open Education on Foreign Language Learning”3. Activity: “Envisioning Open Education”4. Lunch (in the Atrium)
  4. 4. Coral Coral by flightsaber http://www.flickr.com/photos/flightsaber/2204190345CC BY-NC 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/
  5. 5. Curlhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/19melissa68/4479055267/
  6. 6. CorelleCorelle_Snowflake Garland Cream &; Sugar with Salt & Paper (1974) by catface3 http://www.flickr.com/photos/jfholloway/1456419986/in/photostream CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/
  7. 7. Corral Working on the cattle in the corrals.jpg by Alister.flinthttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Working_on_the_cattle_in_the_corrals.jpg CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)
  8. 8. OER in COERLL
  9. 9. About COERLLNewest of the 15 National ForeignLanguage Resource Centers (2010 –2014), grant from US Department ofEducationLocated at The University of Texas atAustinFormerly the Texas Language TechnologyCenter (TLTC)Focused on Open Educational Resources(OER) for Language Learning
  10. 10. MissionLRC Mission: to improve the teaching andlearning of foreign languages by producingresources (materials and best practices) that canbe profitably employed in K-12 and highereducation settings.COERLLs Mission: to produce and disseminateOpen Educational Resources (OERs) (e.g., onlinelanguage courses, reference grammars,assessment tools, corpora, etc.).
  11. 11. Agenda1. Introduction to COERLL2. Presentation: “The Impact of Open Education on Foreign Language Learning”3. Activity: “Envisioning Open Education”4. Lunch (in the Atrium)
  12. 12. What we mean by Open EducationUS Dept. of Education, Creative Commons& The Open Society Foundations sponsored“Why Open Education Matters VideoCompetition”http://whyopenedmatters.org/videos/…first place winner from Blinktower CreativeAgency, Cape Town, South Africa
  13. 13. Defining Open Education“A collective term that refers to forms ofeducation in which knowledge, ideas orimportant aspects of teaching methodologyor infrastructure are shared freely over theInternet.” (Wikipedia)
  14. 14. Open Education Movement“The open education (OE) movement is basedon a set of intuitions shared by a remarkablywide range of academics: that knowledge shouldbe free and open to use and re-use; thatcollaboration should be easier, not harder; thatpeople should receive credit and kudos forcontributing to education and research; and thatconcepts and ideas are linked in unusual andsurprising ways and not the simple linear formsthat today’s textbook present.”(Baraniuk 2007: 229)
  15. 15. What we mean by OERThe term OER refers to anyeducational material offeredfreely for anyone to use,typically involving somepermission to re-mix,improve, and redistribute.
  16. 16. What we mean by OPEN1. Free Access (online, no passwords, no fees)2. Enable the “4 R’s” Reuse - copy verbatim Redistribute - share with others Revise - adapt and edit Remix - combine with others
  17. 17. “Gratis” vs. “Libre”Photo source: free (http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonx/2698947622/) / tonx(http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonx/) / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/)
  18. 18. Degrees of Open: MaterialsCLOSED OPENTraditional OERsMaterial Reuse / Redistribute /All rights reserved Revise / Remix
  19. 19. Degrees of Open: Classrooms CLOSED OPENTraditional Online• Physical classroom • Virtual classroom• Enrolled student • Formal (enrolled) student • Informal learner
  20. 20. Degrees of Open: Research CLOSED OPENTraditional research Open research• Methods/data known to few • Known to group• Traditional print journals • Online journals• Foreign Language Annals • LL&T• Subscribed readers • Internet public
  21. 21. Big vs. Little OERBig OER Little OERTypically generated by institutions. Typically generated and shared by individuals.Advantages = high reputation, good Advantages = cheap, web-native, easilyteaching quality, little reversioning remixed and reused.required, easily located.Disadvantages = expensive, often not web Disadvantages = lower production quality,native, reuse limited reputation can be more difficult to ascertain, more difficult to locateExamples: MIT Courseware, UK’s Examples: Blog posts, podcasts, etc.OpenLearnSource: Martin Weller http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk/no_good_reason/2009/12/the-politics-of-oer.html
  22. 22. OER EnablersOpen Licenses Open StandardsPermission to How to designshare OERs OERs for sharingTechnology Communities ofTools for practicecreating & Sharing ideas &sharing OER OERs w/ others
  23. 23. Open Licenses Creative Commons“some rights reserved” Attribution (Derivatives) (Commercial) (Share Alike) Mosaic Cow in St. Joseph, Michigan : taken from - http://www.flickr.com/photos/vxla/6183285404/in/photostream/Author: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en
  24. 24. Degrees of Open: LicensesCLOSED OPEN Mosaic Cow in St. Joseph, Michigan : taken from - http://www.flickr.com/photos/vxla/6183285404/in/photostream/Author: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en
  25. 25. StandardsNational Standards LARC Standards-Based LessonState Standards Plan Generator (California) https://lpg.sdsu.edu
  26. 26. TechnologySocial sharing sitesReuse :: RedistributeRevise :: Remix
  27. 27. COERLL’s Technology Strategies Modular content Embeddable Media (YouTube) Editable formats (Google Docs) Multiple formats (print-on- demand and mobile)
  28. 28. Communities Collaboration among communities of: Educators Learners Administrators Developers .edu + .org + .com
  29. 29. Hybrid Spanish (U of Utah) Fernando Rubio
  30. 30. Open Learning Initiative (CMU) Chris Jones
  31. 31. Acceso (U of Kansas)Amy Rossomondo & Jonathan Perkins
  32. 32. Français interactif (UT-Austin)Georges Détiveaux & Amanda Dalola
  33. 33. Open LCTL TextbooksYoruba Yemihttp://coerll.utexas.edu/yemi
  34. 34. Open Spanish Corpus & Materials Spanish in Texas Website http://sites.la.utexas.edu/spanishtx
  35. 35. Projects: Open Source ToolseComma collaborative annotation tool http://coerll.utexas.edu/ecomma
  36. 36. Other COERLL projects: OERs for LCTLsGateway to Chinesehttp://www.laits.utexas.edu/ppp Suite of tools for students to practice with online interactive exercises. Portal site will launch in July, 2012.Conversa Brasilierahttp://www.coerll.utexas.edu/brazilpod/cob Set of 35 high-quality conversation videos with annotations and commentaryAswaat Arabiyyahttp://www.laits.utexas.edu/aswaat Authentic Arabic videos for listening practice. New exercise sets for 20 videos will be released this summer.
  37. 37. Benefits to LearnersLowering costs.Materials can be adapted to meet local andpersonal needs.Community involvement = quality control anda better overall product, “inreach”Learners can be part of the creation processand feel a sense of ownership
  38. 38. Benefits to EducatorsGreater impact; reach more learners and gainrecognitionMore control over materialsProgram fees from print-on-demand help withsustainability for updating materialsHigh quality materials for less commonlytaught languagesBecome a member of a community of practice
  39. 39. Challenges of OERWork involved in selecting and assemblingall the pieces needed for a completelanguage program.Educators need training and support.Skepticism about quality controlLack of awareness about OERSustainability
  40. 40. Visualizing Cognitive Surplus
  41. 41. Slides and LinksCheck website for details:http://sites.la.utexas.edu/power-of-openness
  42. 42. Q&A PeriodWhat questions do you (still) have about OpenEducation and Language Learning?
  43. 43. Agenda1. Introduction to COERLL2. Presentation: “The Impact of Open Education on Foreign Language Learning”3. Activity: “Envisioning Open Education”4. Lunch (in the Atrium)
  44. 44. “Envisioning Open Education”1. React to what you just heard about Open Education. What are your reactions to this presentation? [10 min discussion]2. Imagine your ideal OER. What do you want future pedagogical materials to look like? [10 min]3. Brainstorm solutions to one or two of the challenges to Open Education. What can we do to overcome the obstacles? [10 min]
  45. 45. Lunch Period!School lunches from around the world

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