The makers of the Titanic were White Star Lines.They needed too make
new ships in order to compete with other ships.They needed to build them
bigger, faster, and better.Early in 1907, Lord Pirrie of Harland and Wolff,
and J. Bruce Ismay discussed plans for 2 giant ocean ships.On July 29, 1908,
the plans were told to a party of distinguished guests at Harland & Wolff. On
December 16, 1908,they set a date to begin building, then three months
later, on March 31, 1909, the making of the Titanic began. The completed
Titanic cost about $7,500,000,it took 3 years to be done. The ship
weighed 46,328 Registered Tons. Each ton equal 100 cubic feet. Each
funnel, these were the things that were on the top of the ship, were
large enough to drive two trains through. There were nine decks and it
was as high as an eleven story building. There were 3 propellers,2 big
engines and 1 liter one, and it had 20 lifeboats. Its total horsepower was
46,000.Its max speed was 24-25 knots or 27 miles per hour, which was
a lot in those days and for a ship of that size. The max number of
people that could be on the ship was 3,547 .there were only 2,228
The White Star Line was founded in September 1869 as the
Oceanic Steam Navigation Company.
By 1875, White Star Line ships, such as the Britannic and
Germanic, could attain speeds of more than 16 knots, thus
reducing the trip to seven and a half days. The first major ship
improvement occurred in 1889 when White Star introduced its
first twin-screw steamers, Teutonic and Majestic. This new
design housed a new "screw" type mechanics that allowed the
ships to travel at rates of 20 knots.
In 1907 Bruce Ismay dined with Lord Pirrie at the Devonshire
House in Mayfair, London. After dinner, Pirrie introduced the
idea of three massive transatlantic liners, which would far
exceed any other vessel afloat in size, speed, and opulence.
Bruce Ismay listened impatiently as Lord Pirrie drew up rough
plans for the three liners, each one larger than the last. They
planned on naming the vessels the Olympic, Titanic, and
Gigantic to reflect their impressive size and class.
Thomas Andrews was the shipbuilder in charge of the plans for the
ocean liner Titanic.
He designed the titanic to have enough lifeboats for everyone aboard but
there was a big objection in the case of the new-type davits (what the
lifeboats hang on.) He designed them so that an extra row of boats could
be put in alongside the existing ones, but it was 'over-ruled' by all the
other managing directors. They said that it would tack up too much deck
He was a managing director, of the design department. That desined the
Titanic. He had worked his way up, through all the departments, and
knew every line of work that was used in building a ship. He also was
Lord Pirie's Nephew.
Tragically, he was the one who was called upon to give an estimate of
how long 'Titanic' would have before she sank.. He was lost in the
disaster having spent the precious time left persuading, or trying to
persuade people to get into the boats. He wouldn't be saved and refused
to board a lifeboat.
J Bruce Ismay
J. Bruce Ismay at the time of the disaster was chairman and managing
director of the White Star Line.
He held to blame for the loss of the Titanic by the American press
Although not part of the crew, he may have played a significant role in the
Titanic disaster. It is believed that Ismay may have influenced Captain Smith
to ignore the ice warnings and steam ahead at full speed. Many are
convinced that if Ismay had not been aboard, Captain Smith would have
been more cautious and taken the ice warnings more seriously .
Ismay left the Titanic on collapsible boat C and has been extensively
criticized for this. The general feeling was that he should have gone down
with the ship. He stated that he only boarded the lifeboat because there
were no other passengers waiting to get on board. However, witnesses have
reported seeing Ismay push and shove others out of the way to get on that
Harland and wolf
Between 1900 and 1930, Harland and Wolff was Belfast's biggest
employer by a long way. Thousands of people worked in the ship yards.
The Harland and Wolff shipyard was founded in 1862. It was founded by
Edward James Harland and Gustav Wilhelm Wolff. At its height, Harland
and Wolff and the ship yard in Belfast became one of the biggest ship
builders in the world. Harland and Wolff own the world's largest dry dock,
which is in Belfast.
Harland Wolff constructed over 70 ships for the White Star Line. The
Titanic was the best known.
At the time, Harland and Wolff had a workforce of 15,000 and 3,000
were employed in the construction of the Titanic.
Thomas Andrews became the general manager and head of the
draughting company in 1907. On the 29th July 1908 the design of the
Titanic was approved by Bruce Ismay. In march 1909 the
construction of the Titanic began.
Some Interesting Facts about the Titanic
• The ship was loaded with only enough lifeboats to hold half of the Titanic
• Among the property reported as lost on the Titanic was over 3,000 bags of mail
and a car.
• Each first class passenger paid $4,350.00 for a parlor suite ticket.
• The ship contained a heated swimming pool, a first for any sailing vessel.
• The ship was still so brand new when passengers boarded it on April 10, 1912,
the paint was still wet in some spots.
• It cost $7,500,000 to build the Titanic.
• It took three years to fully construct the
Titanic and 3 million rivets
Many of the passengers were not originally suppose to be traveling on the Titanic. Due to a strike, coal was in short
supply. This shortage threatened Titanic's maiden voyage and forced the White Star Line to cancel travel on the
Oceanic and Adriatic and transfer their passengers and coal stocks to the Titanic.
•There were 13 couples on board celebrating their Honeymoons.
•Captain Smith was planning to retire after Titanic's maiden voyage
•. Coal consumption per day: 825 tons.
•Titanic's whistles could be heard from a distance of 11 miles.
•The Titanic carried 900 tons of baggage and freight.
•The Titanic used 14,000 gallons of drinking water every 24 hours.
Length over all,882 feet 6 in
Breath over all, 92 feet 6 in
Breadth over boat deck, 94 feet
Height from bottom of keel to top of caption house, 105 feet 7 in
Height of funnel above casting, 72 feet
The rudder was 78 feet high, weighed about 101 tons and was cast in 6
Titanic's 3 anchors had a combined weight of 31 tons.
Number of decks, 11
Number of watertight bulkheads, 15
Number of passengers 2,500
Approximate cost 7,500,000
•14,000 workers were used to construct it.
•The Titanic cost $7.5 million to build. Building the Titanic today (1997)
would cost $400 million.
The Largest ship in the world (in 1912).
Construction of the Titanic began in 1909. Harland and Wolff had to
make alterations to their shipyard (larger piers and gantries) to
accommodate the giant liners, the Titanic. It took three years to build
Titanic was constructed with sixteen watertight
compartments. Each compartment had doors that were
designed to close automatically if the water level rose
above a certain height. The doors could also be
electronically closed from the bridge. Titanic was able to
stay afloat if any two compartments or the first four
became flooded. Shortly after Titanic hit the iceberg it
was revealed that the first six compartments were
Workmen stand next to the screws of the RMS Titanic at a shipyard in
There were twenty-four double ended boilers and five single ended boilers
which were housed in six boiler rooms. The double ended boilers were 20
feet long, had a diameter of 15 feet 9 inches and contained six coal burning
furnaces. The single ended boilers were 11 feet 9 inches long with the
same diameter and three furnaces. Smoke and waste gasses were
expelled through three funnels. The total horsepower of the engines was
A photograph the Titanic's coal bunkers filled with workers. This image was taken
prior to the Titanic's maiden voyage.
Titania's four funnels were constructed away
from the site and were then transported to the
shipyard for putting on the Titanic. Only three
of the funnels were used to expel smoke and
waste gasses. The fourth was added to make
the ship look more powerful.
Titanic had three propellers which were
powered by steam. The rotation of the
propellers powered the ship through the
Workers leave the Harland & Wolff Shipyard in Belfast, where the Titanic was built.
The ship is visible in the background of this 1911 photograph.
How the enjoins worked
STEP #1: The Bridge On the bridge of the TITANIC there were three
telegraphs. Telegraphs are devices with phrases on them such as; ALL
AHEAD FULL, AHEAD EASY, ALL STOP, FULL ASTERN, etc. They were
used to tell the enjoin room what speed you wanted. So let's say that we
wanted the ship to travel at full speed (24knots). We would move the
handle on the telegraph until the arrow pointed at ALL AHEAD FULL.
STEP #2: The Boiler Room The boiler room would then shovel a certain
amount of coal into the furnaces and change the pressure of the boilers.
The furnaces heat the water making it into steam, then the steam travels
to the engine room.
STEP #3: The Reciprocating Engines The engine room is where those four
cylinder triple expansion reciprocating engines come into play. The steam is
pressurized some more, and then enters the first cylinder of one of the two
reciprocating engines. The first cylinder of four is the one with the highest
pressure and is called the high pressure cylinder. It is here where the steam
is put to work. By passing through the cylinder, the steam must push a
piston out of the way. When it does this it loses some of it's pressure, and
enters the second intermediate pressure cylinder. The same thing that
happened in the high pressure cylinder happens in the intermediate pressure
cylinder except with a bit less force. After the intermediate pressure cylinder,
the steam enters the first of the two low pressure cylinders. As you may have
guessed, the same thing happens here except with even less force. Then the
steam enters the second low pressure cylinder, does the same thing. When
the steam pushed the piston out of the way, the piston forced a vertical shaft
downwards. This shaft was connected to a giant crank, which was connected
to a horizontal shaft, which was connected to the propeller. Since the crank
was connected to the horizontal shaft, instead of just being pushed down
and through the ship, it turned the horizontal shaft. The vertical shaft would
swing back and forth in order to let the crank turn. The horizontal shaft was
connected to the propeller, so it turned the propeller as it turned. The waste
steam used by both reciprocating engines would then travel to the low
STEP #4: The Low Pressure Turbine There was only one turbine on the
TITANIC, unlike the two reciprocating engines, and the turbine worked in
a much different manner as well. As far as I know, she worked kind of
like a paddle wheel. There was a paddle-wheel-type-thing inside of a
casing, and the steam would travel through the casing pushing the
paddle-wheel-type-thing out of the way and turning it. The turbine was
connected to a shaft that was connected to the centre propeller. When
the turbine turned, the centre propeller turned with it. Unlike the wing
propellers, the centre propeller couldn't turn backwards because the
turbine worked only in one direction, unlike the reciprocating engines.
STEP #5: The Condenser After the steam passed through the turbine it
was sent to the condensers, which would condense the steam back into
water for the boilers.
Lifeboats which carried survivors from the RMS Titanic are uploaded to the RMS
Carpathia in the hours after the disaster.
Wireless radio room
There were two operators in
the wireless room.
They slept in bunk beds in part
of the room. They used a
machine and sent messages
in morse code.
They received messages that
there were icebergs about.
The rich passengers sent
messages to their friends
and family using the wireless.
RMS stands for Royal Mail Ship, indicating that the Titanic was contracted
to carry mail. The Titanic had a Post Office and Mail Room deep in the
ship on decks F and G.
The five postal workers were tasked with sorting much of the mail which
had been brought on board the ship, 3,364 bags in total, as well as dealing
with any letters which were posted on the ship by passengers and crew.
The Titanic departs Belfast on April 2, 1912 for its first sea trial. Eight
days later it began its maiden and final voyage.
These are pictures of the Titanic on it’s voyage to the open sea. This
ship was known to be the largest ship in the world . The person who
was responsible for the building of the Titanic was Bruce Ismay. The
Titanic was built to be an unsinkable ship although it wasn’t, as we
The Titania's bridge contained all
the usual equipment for a ship of
that day. The main items of interest
were three polished ships
telegraphs which showed direction,
speed and sent orders to the engine
The Titanic ship voyage began heading out to sea.
The ship’s builders had spared no expense in
assuring that the Titanic would not only be the
safest ship on the waters, but also the largest ship
equipped with only 20 lifeboats. The deck space
for the first class passengers would not be taken
up by bulky lifeboats.
Supplies on the Titanic
The chef aboard had made a list of things
which he wanted for the maiden voyage, it
included among other things: 35,000 fresh
eggs and 40 tons of potatoes. Some other
things he wanted were 12,000 dinner
40,000 towels of different sorts, 45,000
table napkins, 1,000 oyster forks and
15,000 champagne glasses! The dockers
at Southampton were very experienced
and fast so they put everything together in
less than a week.
Bath towels: 7,500
Bed covers: 3,600
Cook's cloths: 3,500
Double sheets: 3,000
Eiderdown quilts: 800
Fine towels: 25,000
Glass cloths: 2,000
Lavatory towels: 8,000
Pantry towels: 6,500
Pillow slips: 15,000
Roller Towels: 3,500
Single sheets: 15,000
Table cloths: 6,000
Table napkins: 45,000
Around the time of the Titanic launch there was a
shortage of coal so they hade to cansel ships and
transfor there passengers over to the Titanic. So
that they could the coal from the other ships on the
Titanic madin voige.
Boarding the Titanic
•The boarding for first class passengers is quite a different process than for
those destined for steerage.
•Wealthy people enjoyed lavish accommodations, fine food, recreation, and
breathtaking views of the ocean.
•Second class and steerages passengers were boarded below decks, often in
cramped quarters. Many were immigrants hoping to begin a new life in
On board the Titanic…….
•There were over 2000 people aboard the Titanic, some very rich and some
•If you travelled on RMS Titanic, you could stay in either first, second or third class.
•First class passengers were very wealthy and stayed at the top of the boat.
•Second class passengers had some money and stayed in the middle of the boat.
•Third class passengers were poor and stayed at the bottom of the Titanic.
Titanic first class was the superror class
What they paid for their passage depended on the size of suite or
cabin in which they travelled. Some chose to book suites which
contained private dining and living areas as well as bedrooms for
themselves and their maids . Prices range from about £260 to £60=
about 50,000 in todays money
Second Class on the Titanic
In second class were those who had achieved success and money through
work such as , miners, clerks and teacher’s. Fares ranged from £13 to
£79.= 690 in todays money
Third Class on the Titanic
Third class tended to be families emigrating to the United States from
Sweden, Ireland and England. In many cases they had sold all they had to
afford the passage on Titanic and to allow them a little savings to get
started in America. Within third class there were different standards of
accommodation. The average price for a ticket was around £7 although
many were travelling on family tickets costing from £25 to £40 = 450 in
What passengers did for fun
Enjoy an 11 cores meal in main dining room, chef Parisian,
and the café Verandah
They could dance in the ball room
Read a book in the library
Ride the elevators
Exercise in the gymnasium
Swim in the heated pool,
There was marvelous entertainment provided to the first
Tack a stroll on deck with friends
Enjoy a light meal in the smoke room
Or talk with friends in the reception room
For the Second Class passengers there was a library, a
smoking room, a dining room, and an elevator.
For the Third Class passengers there was a smoking room,
dining saloons, and a general room.
Life abord the titanic class,children was
for life on the Titanic
Whether traveling in first, second or third
a thrilling experience for children of all ages.
First class was by far the most luxurious and priveliged class on board
the Titanic, and the few children who sailed the seas in such comfort
were lucky indeed.
In first class, the possibilities were just endless. The stately decks was
the perfect places for first and second class children to roam about.
Deck Quoites, a game in which children threw circles of ropes at a
marked place on the deck,
One of the first-class verandah cafes was used as a playroom by the
Second class, while not quite as lavish as first, still provided many
opportunities for children to enjoy themselves.
•children were not allowed to go into the gym, swim in the pool, or play in
the luxurious restaraunts the first class enjoyed,
•The barber-shops, in which men could enjoy a daily lather and shave,
also sold dolls and cute little teddies bars.
First class Passenger Luxuries
Indoor toilets, showers, bath
Heated indoor swimming pool
reading and writing rooms
enclosed promenade decks to
walk and sit on.
2 barber shops
wireless Marconi system.
A La Carte Restaurant
Titanic was build of the finest materials available.
It would cost about $400 million to build it today.
The Titania's defining element of luxury and grace was the spectacular
Grand Staircase. It led First Class passengers into the heart of shipboard
society where the rich and richer mingled before dinner.
Overhead a magnificent glass dome reflected light off oak wall paneling
and elaborate railings and iron scrollwork. Wide, sweeping steps and
landings provided a spectacular staging area for guests to make their
On the top landing a large carved sculpture of two female figures titled
“Honor and Glory Crowning Time,” flanked an ornate clock. A classic
cherub statue, holding an electric torch, stood guard at the bottom
landing. You will pass both when you walk up the staircase to the First
First class aft staircase
The Aft Grand Staircase
was located between the
third and fourth funnels
and extended down three
of here decks. It featured
the same oak wood
balustrades as the grand
stair case staircase and
also featured the same
style wrought iron dome
above the stairs. The only
major differences were
instead of having an
intricately carved clock on
the landing it featured a
less simple version.
The band that played on
An eight-man band led by violinist Wallace Hartley, demonstrated
extreme courage by entertaining passengers as Titanic sank. Their
music most likely averted panic and made the passengers feel that
things were not as bad as they appeared. Some of the witnesses stated
that the band played until Titanic slipped beneath the water. None of
the eight musicians were employed by the White Star Line. They were
simply listed as second class passengers. Because it was cheaper than
axually paying them.
The Band Members:
Brailey, Theodore - Pianist
Bricoux, Roger - Cellist
Clarke, J. Fred C. Bass Violist
Hartley, Wallace Henry Band leader
Hume, John (Jock) Law First violinist
Krins, George - Violist
Taylor, Percy, C. - Cellist
Woodward, J. W. Cellist
The ship was fantastic. First
class passengers could have
everything they wanted.
First Class Areas
First class bathroom
The first class passengers on the Titanic were living in the lap of luxury.
Some of the richest people in the world were traveling on the Titanic for
her maiden voyage.
members of the upper-class that included
industrialists and high-ranking military personnel.
A first class ticket ranged anywhere from thirty pounds to 870 pounds. In
today’s money you could expect to pay an average of $70,000 per first
class ticket. The more expensive rooms were a parlor suite and usually
had a private promenade deck.
Over 500 people could dine in luxury in this immense Jacobean-style
dining room, located on D-deck between the second and third funnels. Its
placement there was no accident. This location gave first class diners the
smoothest ride available onboard Titanic.
The floor of the Dining Saloon was laid with linoleum tiles intricately
patterned to resemble a Persian carpet. The small tables made for easy
conversation between tablemates, an activity no doubt assisted by the
superb food, fine wine and comfortable armchairs.
In addition to taking meals in the main dining room, first-class passengers could
make reservations in the deluxe café’ Parisian located aft on the Bridge Deck.”
meals for all classes on Titanic
were included in the price of the
passage diners selected from a
generous, but fixed menu.
However, in the café Parisian
Restaurant diners could chose
each course separately from a
wider selection than that available
in the main dining saloon. With
this luxury came a price, literally.
Passengers had to pay for their
meals out of pocket just as in any
restaurant on shore and were
presented with a bill from a
pad upon which their menu selections had been written. The Café Parisian
captured the style and atmosphere of a sidewalk café in Paris. White Star literature
of the time described it as a tastefully decorated café’ in French trellis-work with
ivy. The café’s hade large picture windows gave diners a view of the sea while
dining - something that had never before been done. The First Class passengers in
Café Parisian certainly enjoyed the best of food.
On April 14, the menu consisted of oysters, salmon, roast duckling, sirloin of beef,
peaches in Chartreuse jelly and chocolate and vanilla éclairs
Verandah Café Area
The Verandah Café had a distinctly outdoor feeling. Enormous windows
gave an uninterrupted view of the passing ocean, while sliding doors aft
opened the room to sea breezes. Wicker chairs completed the illusion of
the conservatory gone to sea.
The Verandahs shared a service pantry with the first-class Smoking
Room just forward, providing passengers the opportunity to order light
meals and drink. During the Titania's crossing, the starboard Verandah
became an informal nursery and playroom for the first-class children.
How first class passengers denied
The enormous first-class dining room was located on the (D) deck next to
the Reception Room . Diners sat in armchairs at tables that sat two, four,
or six and ate from fine china. The dining saloon could seat more than 500
at a time. At 6 p.m. dinner hour, it was the place to show off your new
sparkling jewelry and fashionable dress you purchased in Paris.
Breakfast menu (April 11, 1912): Baked apples; fresh fruit; stewed
prunes; Quaker oats; boiled hominy; puffed rice; fresh herring; Finnan
haddock; smoked salmon; grilled mutton kidneys and bacon; grilled ham;
grilled sausage; lamb chops; vegetable stew; fried, shirred, poached and
boiled eggs; plain and tomato omelets to order; sirloin steak and mutton
chops to order; mashed, sauté, and jacket potatoes; cold meat; Vienna
and Graham rolls; soda and sultan scones; corn bread; buckwheat cakes;
black currant conserve; Norborne honey; Oxford marmalade; watercress
•Lunch menu (April 14, 1912): Consommé fernier; cookie leekie; fillets of
brill; egg a L’Argenteuil; chicken a la Maryland; corned beef; vegetables;
dumplings; From the Grill: Grilled mutton chops; mashed, fried, and baked
jacket potatoes; custard pudding; apple merinque; pastry; Buffet: Salmon
mayonnaise; potted shrimps; Norwegian anchovies; soused herrings; plain
and smoked sardines; roast beef; round or spiced beef; veal and ham pie;
Virginia and Cumberland ham; Bologna sausage; brawn; galantine of
chicken; corned ox tongue; lettuce; beetroot; tomatoes; Cheeses:
Cheshire, Stilton, Gorgonzola, Edam, Camembert, Roquefort, St. Ivel,
•Dinner menu (April 14, 1912): Various hors d’oeuvre; oysters;
consommé Olga; cream of barley; salmon, mousseline sauce, cucumber;
filet mignons Lili; sauté of chicken, Lyonnais; vegetable marrow farcie;
lamb, mint sauce; roast duckling, apple sauce; sirloin of beef; chateau
potatoes; green peas; creamed carrots; boiled rice; parmentier and boiled
new potatoes; punch Romaine; roast squab and cress; cold asparagus
vinaigrette; pâté de foie gras; celery; Waldorf pudding; peaches in
chartreuse jelly; chocolate and vanilla éclairs; French ice cream
This room was reserved for males. It was paneled in the best mahogany
with painted stained glass windows, which could be lighted from behind
creating a warm atmosphere. Four large bay windows over looked the
promenade deck. The furniture ranged from leather chairs to playing
tables. A fireplace stood at the left wall. A revolving door was situated just
right of the fireplace, which entered into the airy port side palm court.
Writing Room & Lounge
•The Writing Room and lounge was was reserved for woman and
•The walls were decorated in rich oak paneling with intricate carved
details. The floor was covered in pink carpet and the large bay
windows gave an unbroken view of the sea. The furniture ranged
from soft easy chairs to wighting tables.
•A grand piano graced one corner of the room
The Barber Shop was used not only for cutting hair. There were itms for
sail hanging from the ceiling, or on the walls. They sold penknives,
banners, dolls, hats, tobacco, ribbons with RMS Titanic embroidered on it.
There was one for1st class and one for seckound class too. It also served
as a sort of lounge for the maids brought by the passengers. The Barber
Shops for 1st class and 2nd class were small. They had a bench on one
side, and chairs on the other. The benches were used for waiting while the
chairs were used for cutting hair.
Titania's first class passengers were provided with three electric lifts
(elevators), complete with lift attendants and comfortable sofas. The lifts
were located side by side, immediately in front of the Grand Staircase.
Another lift was available for second-class passengers.
Titania's first-class cabins and suites were spread over five decks and
located amidships where the Ship’s motion through the waves would
be least felt, and the main staircase and elevators were immediately
adjacent for convenience. The accommodations ranged from singleberth cabins to parlor suites and could be configured to accommodate
anywhere from 689 to 735 first-class passengers.
1st class cabin
These suites contained two bedrooms, a sitting room, and a private bath
and lavatory. Every stateroom had electric light and heat.
The First-Class cabins were located on Decks A - D. There were 30 state
-rooms on the Bridge-Deck (A - Deck). The state rooms were decorated in
different styles: Louis Seize, Empire, Adams, Italian Renaissance, Louis
Quinze, Louis Quatorze, Georgian, Regency, Queen Anne, Modern Dutch
and Old Dutch. The state rooms were of the highest standard and the
private promenade decks were very spacious.
First class parlour suite
The First Class suites were decorated in various period styles and
came equipped with many modern electrical appliances, such as
telephones, heaters, steward call bells, table fans and electrical blowers
to provide fresh air.
Many of the first class cabins on Titanic had interconnecting doors so
that occupants could walk directly from one room to another. This
meant, for example, that the master and mistress of the household
might occupy the first bedroom, with children in the second, and staff in
1st Class Double Empire Cabin
1st Class Bedroom Suite B60 With Private Drawing
Stateroom B-64, 1st Class
The four parlor suites (located on B - Deck) on the Titanic were the
most expensive accommodation aboard. These suites contained
two bedrooms, a sitting room, and a private bath and lavatory.
Bruce Ismay, Managing Director of the White Star Line, occupied
three of these suites Cabin B-64 on the Titanic's maiden voyage.
Every stateroom had electric light and heat.
Stateroom Private Prominade
1st Class Suite Sitting Room
1st Class Bathtub
For a charge of four shillings, or one dollar, First Class passengers could
soothe away their aches and pains at the Turkish Baths. This suite had a
steam room, a hot room, a temperate room, shampooing rooms, toilets
and a cooling room. There was also an ultra-modern innovation - electric
beds that applied heat to the body using electric lamps.
First class gymnasium,
•Titania's gymnasium was a wonderful innovation for an ocean-going liner.
It had an electric camel, an electric horse, cycling machines and a rowing
•Tickets, priced one shilling
•The gymnasium was open for ladies between 9.00 am and noon, and for
gentlemen between 2.00 pm and 6.00 pm. Children were allowed in
between 1.00 pm and 3.00 pm.
1 Class Passengers
Very rich and famous people
Traveling for vacation or business
Titanic Today = very rich, movie stars, famous athletes
carried 324 1st class passengers
– 201 survived
These two passengers
were in first class.
The man, John Jacob
Astor was the richest
person on board.
J.J. Astor and
He was sailing with his wife Madeline, her maid and their dog. He
asked if he could go in a lifeboat with his wife but was told that
he couldn’t. He did not survive but his wife did.
The woman is ‘The unsinkable Molly Brown’ She was called this
because she persuaded the crew in charge of her lifeboat to go
back and look for any survivors and persuaded the ladies on
board that they could row the boat! She survived the disaster
and helped lots of people who had lost everything.
Second Class Area
2 Class Passengers
Middle class people on vacation
Today = people like us!
Titanic carried 277 2nd class passengers
– 118 survived
How second passengers denied
Second- and third-class passengers on the Titanic had their own dining
saloons, where they were served breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Titanic
passengers received different food options based on there class ticket,
and the second- and third-class passengers had no restaurant options
like chef Parisian, and the café Verandah as first-class passengers did.
Second-class dining saloon
In the second-class dining saloon, located on (D) deck, diners ate at larger
tables, often with strangers. The saloon provided white linen tablecloths
and napkins. It could hold 394 diners at a time. The diners sat in swivel
Breakfast menu (April 11, 1912):
Fruit; rolled oats; boiled hominy; fresh fish; Yarmouth bloaters; grilled ox
kidneys and bacon; American dry hash au gratin; grilled sausage; mashed
potatoes; grilled ham and fried eggs; fried potatoes; Vienna and Graham
rolls; soda scones; buckwheat cakes; maple syrup; conserve; marmalade;
tea; coffee; watercress
Lunch menu (April 12, 1912):
Pea soup; spaghetti au gratin; corned beef; vegetable dumplings; roast
mutton; baked jacket potatoes; roast mutton; roast beef; sausage; ox
tongue; pickles; salad; tapioca pudding; apple tart; fresh fruit; cheese;
Dinner menu (April 14, 1912):
This menu was divided into courses:First course: Consommé with tapioca
Second course: Baked haddock with sharp sauce; curried chicken and
rice; spring lamb with mint sauce; roast turkey with savory cranberry
sauce; green peas; puree turnips; boiled rice; boiled and roast potatoes
Third course (desserts): Plum pudding; wine jelly; coconut sandwich;
American Ice Cream; nuts, assorted; fresh fruit; cheese; biscuit
2nd Class Stateroom
2nd Class Stateroom
2nd Class 2 Person State Room
Marble Sinks in Washroom
Third Class Area
3 Class Passengers
Mostly immigrants moving to America
Today = there is no third class
There were 706 third class passengers on board- 462 men,
165 women and 79 children.
178 third class passengers survived the disaster- 75 men, 76
women and 27 children
Wash Basin in Double Cabin
How the third class passengers dined
Third-class dining saloon
In the third-class dining saloon, located in the Middle (F) deck,
diners sat at long tables that could seat 20. They hung their hats,
coats, and scarves on hooks attached to the walls. The saloon
was large and spare. It could seat 473, which means that two
seatings were necessary to accommodate all 710 passengers in
The food was hardy and wholesome. Here’s the fare served in the
third-class dining saloon on April 14, 1912:
Breakfast: Oatmeal porridge and milk; vegetable stew; fried tripe
and onions; bread and butter; marmalade; Swedish bread; tea;
Lunch: Bouillon soup; roast beef and brown gravy; green beans,
boiled; potatoes; cabin biscuits; bread; prunes and rice
Dinner: Rabbit pie; baked potatoes; bread and butter; rhubarb and
ginger jam; Swedish bread; tea
Here are some photos of the Titanic. There are very few
photographs of the third class passengers from the
Where Did These People Live?
Promenade Deck: 1st class
staterooms; 1st class reading and
writing rooms; 1st class lounge;
1st class smoking room; the
Verandah Cafe and Palm Court. |
Bridge Deck: 1st class suites; two
1st class "millionaire" suites; 1st
class à la Carte restaurant; Café
Parisien restaurant; 2nd class
Boat Deck: where the
Bridge; radio room;
Saloon Deck: 1st class dining
room; 1st class reception room;
2nd class dining room; 1st and
2nd class galleys (kitchens) and
pantries; 1st, 2nd and 3rd class
rooms; crew quarters; 1st and
2nd class bakery and butcher
Shelter Deck: 1st class suites;
2nd class library; 3rd class
social room; 3rd class
smoking room; some crew
accommodations; cabins for
the maids and servants who
accompanied many of the 1st
class passengers; 1st class
barber shop; Doctor's office;
Police office; hatches for
loading the ship.
Lower Deck: Squash
racquet court; Post Office;
food freezers and coolers;
cargo hold; crew quarters;
some 3rd class rooms.
Upper Deck: 1st
and 2nd class
class barber shop.
bath; 2nd and
room; 3rd class
Back row from Left to Right:
Herbert McElroy, Charles Lightoller, Herbert Pitman, Joseph Boxhall,
Front row from Left to Right:
James Moody, Henry Wilde, Edward Smith, William Murdoch
Captain - Edward J Smith
Chief Officer - Henry F Wilde
First Officer - William M Murdoch
Second Officer - Charles Herbert Lightoller
Third Officer - Herbert John Pitman
Fourth Officer - Joseph Groves Boxhall
Fith Officer - Harold Godfrey
Sixth Officer - James P Moody
Chief Purser - Herbert McElroy
Captain Edward Smith was
the captain of the Titanic. He,
the engineers who had designed
the ship, and the officers were
sure that she was absolutely safe
and unsinkable. He was also
retiring after the titanic.
What About the Crew?
885 crew members
– 212 survived
– none survived
– none survived
2 radio operators
– 1 survived
The Deck Crew
Titanic’s 66-person deck crew included seven ship’s officers,The
medical staff and seeman
The Titanic’s engineering crew was comprised of more than 300 people,
including engineers, boiler operators, electricians, firemen, stokers,
plumbers, storekeepers, loaders, etc. Together they were responsible for
maintaining the engines, generators and other ship’s equipment and
keeping them operational. These were the highest-paid members of the
Titanic’s crew. They had the necessary education and technical
knowledge for operating, maintaining and repairing the ship’s equipment
There were also about 500 members of service personnel aboard the
Titanic, including 69 employees of the liner’s luxury restaurant.
Five experienced postal clerks also served aboard the Titanic. Postal
clerks of sea-going ships were considered a cut above the rest of the
crew. They were well-paid and differed from other crew members in that
their work had nothing to do with the running of the ship or catering to
Ice warnings are coming in from other ships in this area of the north Atlantic.
The lookout crew in the crow’s nest have bean warned to watch out fro
iceberg- but there binoculars were left behind in Southampton! At 11:40
p.m., you are awoken by string scraping noise. Putting a coat on over your
pajamas, you head for the bridge. Caption smith tells you the ship has
struck ice and in seriously damaged, but you don’t bereave him. By 12:15
A.M. on April 14 lifeboats, two emergence boats have left the ship. Over
1,500 people remain on aboard. Titanic stern began to rise up out of the
ocean. Water is pruning through the open portholes. The ship lights are still
on, and the band bravely continues to play on deck. At 12:18 the lights
begin to flicker on and off. Rivets been to pop, and the deck planks snap as
the ship begins to break in two. The noise is deafening. Once the bow is
totally submerged, it finally rips apart from the rest of the ship and launches
to the ocean floor. Just a few mints later, you turn your back as Titania's
stern slides under water. The caption is last seen on the bridge giving final
Twenty-Four year old Fredrick Fleet was the lookout who first sighted
the iceberg that sank the Titanic. He left the sea in 1936. He worked for
Harland and Wolff's Southampton shipyard during World War II, after
which he became a night watchman for the Union Castle Line.
As he moved into old age, he sold newspapers on a street corner in
On January 10, 1965, despondant over his finances and the recent loss
of his wife, Fleet took his own life. He was buried at Hollybrook
Cemetery, Lordshill, Southampton.
At 11.40 p.m. on the 14th of April, everybody on board heard a terrible
sound. The Titanic struck an iceberg.
The water was incredibly smooth making it difficult to see icebergs ahead
because of the lack of white caps
at the base of the icebergs. There was no moon that night making it
even more difficult to see.
The Titanic fired white rockets into the night sky
to notify other ships nearby. The rockets were a shock
of reality to the Titania's passengers.
It was a great panic on board the ship.
The first lifeboat, No. 7, was lowered at
12:45 a.m. with 28 people on board.
It had a capacity of 65.
Most of the other lifeboats left half full: Boat No. 1 left with
12 but had a capacity of 40; No. 3 left with 32 and No. 5
with 41, both had a capacity of 65. One boat, collapsible A,
was overturned in the water.
Water came down
the first class stairs.
Outside, there were
people letting out
cries and screams.
The Titanic was
water by 2:20 a.m.,
only three hours
after hitting the
disaster took place
on April 15, 1912.
The Titanic was sinking and sinking
fast. An SOS was sent out to
neighboring ships. The Carpathian
picked up the ship’s distress call
and radioed back to let the ship’s
crew know they were on their way.
It would be to late by the time the
Carpathian arrived. When they
It took 2 hours and 40 minutes for the
arrived all that was left of the
Titanic to sink. She took more than 1500
Titanic was the scared survivors.
lives with her.
The last reported position of the Titanic was
Latitude 41є46' N, Longitude 50є14' W
Icebergs are huge floating pieces of ice, and sometimes
they can be as big as a ten-storey building. The main
part of an iceberg is below the water and only a small part
of it can be seen above. That’s why they are so dangerous.
Final moments Of Titanic……………..
Titanic hit the starboard side with the ice berg.
The under compartments of the bow started to flood. Due to the flooding
the bow commenced to go down causing the stern to rise
Yet the later part of the sinking was sort of faster
and the golden funnels of Titanic stared to lose one by one while the stern
was rising nearly 60 degrees from the ocean level
She was out of electrical power and the stress concentration
had reached the maximum @ the 2nd expansion joint of the ship
which lied in between the 3rd and 4th funnels…….
caused the Titanic to splint into two from the 2nd expansion joint right
down to the keel of the vessel and the Stern fell back.
The Bow submerged completely by pulling down the Stern vertically
and then finally detached
The Stern floated a couple of minutes perpendicular to the ocean level and
then foundered completely leaving no trace of Titanic.
The Bow traveled nearly 3km down the Atlantic ocean
• There were 6 ice warnings received by Titanic on the day of the collision.
They were all ignored by the wireless operator.
•On the night of the collision, because the moon was not out, and the
water was so still, it was very difficult to see the iceberg.
•The iceberg that the Titanic struck was not a very big one. It did not even
come up as high as the bridge of the ship.
• An iceberg exposes only 1/10th of it's mass above water. With the other
9/10ths of it's mass below water, It makes them impossible to budge. Even
with a force of a ship like the Titanic.
•The Titanic was traveling 22.5 knots while cruising through iceberg. Just .
5 knot from her maximum speed capability.
•The collision occurred at 11:40 P.M. on Sunday, April 14, 1912. Murdoch
had ordered the engines reversed which had sealed the Titanic's doom.
Like all ships, the Titanic turned more quickly.Had the Titanic proceeded
ahead and turned, it is most likely that she would have avoided hitting the
iceberg all together.
The liner Carpathian arrived at the site of tragedy
at 3.30 a.m. on the same day and rescued the people
in the lifeboats.
Only about 700 passengers of the Titanic survived.
Survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic rest on the deck of the RMS
Carpathia on April 15, 1912.
t hird class
chil en a
Sea search fro
Qouts from the new York
Rule of sea
plunges to the
bottom at 2:20
The first news of the disaster
The first news of the disaster to the Titanic was received by the Marconi
wireless station here at 10:25 o’clock last night . The Titanic was first
heard giving the distress signal ”C.Q.D” which was answered by a
number of ships, including the Carpathian, the Baltic and the Olympic.
The Titanic said she hade struck an iceberg and was in immediate need
of assistance. At 10:55 o’clock the Titanic reported she was sinking by the
head, and at 11:25 o’clock the station here established communication
with the Allan liner- Virginian, from Halifax for Liverpool and notified here
of the Titanic urgent need of assonants and gave her the Titanic position.
The Virginian advised the Marconi station almost immediately that she
was proceeding toward the scene of the disaster. At 11:36 o’clock the
Titanic informed the Olympic that they were putting the women and
children off in boats and instructed the Olympic to have here lifeboats
ready to transfer the passengers. The Titanic during all of this time,
continued to give out distress signals and to announce here position. The
wireless operator seemed absolutely cool and clear- headed. The last
signal heard from the Titanic was received at 12:27 A.M.”
Fears serious loss of life
“We have asked for that report from Capt.. Haddock, and we are
expecting a reply at any time. The Carpathian is proceeding to New York
direct. We very much fear that there has been serious loss of life, but it is
impossible for us to say definitely concerning this sad part of the situation until
we are able to reassure ourselves whether or not any of the Titanic
passengers are aboard the Allan liners.
We are hopeful that the rumors which have reached us by telegraph
from hall- fax that there are passengers aboard the virginal and the Persian
will prove to be true, and that these vessels will turn up with some
passengers. It’s the loss of life that makes this thing so awful. We can replace
money, but not the lives lost.”
Location of Titanic death bead
April 15 the deathbed of the 10 million steamer Titanic, and of probably many
who must have been dragged down with her, is two miles, at least, blow the
surface of the sea.
The ship is long gone, hundreds of people are left struggling in
the water. Number of corpse float to the surface. Bits and
pieces of wreckage bobbed around them. For those stranded
in the sea, there was little hope of surviving even with
lifejackets. The water temperature was 20 degrees Fahrenheit
and most of the life boats hade rowed away. Some of the
seaman in charge of the lifeboats feared they would be
engulfed in the suction created when the ship sank.
1,503 people total died, including passengers and crew. Only 705 people survived.
962 lifeboat seats were required by law.
1,178 lifeboat seats were carried aboard. 2,208 lifeboat seats were needed.
One of the first lifeboats to leave the Titanic carried only 28 people; it could
have held 64 people.
There were 472 lifeboat seats not used.
300 dead bodies were pulled from the sea the next morning. They were found
floating in their life-jackets. Many other floating bodies were not found because
they had drifted off.
The temperature of the Atlantic at the time of sinking was 31 degrees. This
temperature was the biggest cause of death among the population.
There were many dogs aboard the Titanic. Two of the dogs survived.
Charles Joughin was the only person to survive the ice cold Atlantic water...He
reportedly had been drinking heavily
Why People Died
Not enough lifeboats
– Titanic had 20, more than legally required but not
enough for everyone on board
– Not all lifeboats were full because passengers
didn’t believe Titanic would sink
– 28 degrees = hypothermia
No help nearby
– Rescue ships arrived about two hours after Titanic
The Impact of the Huge Tragedy
The impact the tragedy had on the American and British society was
huge. There were very wealthy and influential people on board and
many male figures were lost leaving behind many widows and
The Titanic lies 12,600 feet
(over 2.33 miles) at the
bottom of the Atlantic
The two pieces of the
Titanic lay 1,970 feet apart
from one another on the
Because of front section of
the Titanic went down nose
first, the bow is buried 60
feet below the ocean floor.
Dishes retrieved from the ocean floor stand in sand in a glass case as part of the At the
right is the bell from the crow's nest.The bell was rung by seaman Fredrick Fleet to warn
that an iceberg was ahead on the ill-fated voyage.
Pipes and the captain's bathtub rest in what remains of the captain's cabin in 2003.
The propellor of the Titanic rests on the ocean floor.
Artifacts from the Wreck
Bottles and Glassware
Sink & Shaving Gear
Last survivor of the
The last survivor of Titanic was a lady called Milvina Dean. Milvina was just
nine weeks old when she was rescued from Titanic and was 97 when she died.
Coincidentally she died on the 97 anniversary of Titania's launch. The last
Titanic survivor was travelling to America with her mother, father and
brother. They were emigrating to Kansas City where her father was going to
run a tobacconist’s shop. Milvina’s father, Bertram who was just 25 years old,
was lost in Titania's sinking. He had felt the impact of the iceberg and had
told his wife to go up on deck with the children. After being brought to New
York on Carpathian, the remaining Dean family returned to England. Her
mother did not talk about the Titanic disaster until Milvina was 8 years old.
Milvina lived in and around Southampton for most of her life and in her later
years, she spent much of her time answering letters from Titanic fans around
the world, signing autographs and receiving visitors.
Milvina died aged 97 in 2009.