LESSON 5: The Adolescent and the Church 4 Sins that which cry to heaven for vengeanceANNOUNCING THE MESSAGE OF LIBERATION 1. sodomy ( perverse sexual behavior) 2. willful murderPCP II 238-240” It is from the perspective of the 3. oppression of the poorGod’s gift of life in its fullness in the Kingdom that 4. defrauding the laborer of his just wage.we view the Church’s evangelizing mission in thetemporal order. “Idolatry and blasphemy are even worse”EVANGELIZATION AND LIBERATION Murder- was the first sin committed after the fall. is the unjust taking of innocent life.EVANGELIZATION- is the proclamation ofsalvation which is a gift of God. Abortion- killing of unborn children in the wombsThrough the Word of God and the Sacraments of their mothers.man is freed in the first place from the power of in modern times, one of the most serious formssin and the power of evil. of willful murderEvangelization is not complete without temporal against civil law and ecclesial lawliberation for the following reasons: Effects: 1. The human being is constantly barraged 1. It is the destruction of the most innocent and by socio-economic problems. helpless human life. 2. Redemption must touch the very concrete 2. It destroys the future of families and society. situation of injustice to be combated and of justice to be restored. Social justice must be present in every society 3. The New Commandment of Love cannot be proclaimed without promoting justice The Church reminds us that all people and and peace the true, authentic nations of their obligations in justice to care for development of the human person. the unfortunate among us.Unity and the Distinction between Evangelization The Church teaches us of the evils of economicand Human Promotion: systems that exploit the poor. 1. Unity- because the Church seeks the good These social teachings reminds us of our call to of the whole person live in the world without adopting the ways of the 2. distinction- these two tasks enter, enter in world. different ways into her mission Our task is to reshape the values of society if weIntegral evangelization-is the unity of the two can. At all times, even if the world is against us, wetask of evangelization and temporal liberation. must listen to and follow the Church.Temporal Order-the secular, lay, or civil as SOCIAL INJUSTICES:opposed to ecclesiastical. Oppressing the poor, the widowed, theThe duty of the Church then extends beyond orphandrawing individuals to Christ. The Church must Defrauding the laborer of his wagehelp to shape the society so that the publicmorality will be Christian.
The Church is first and foremost a light that FUNDAMENTALISTS– are strong on Jesus asillumines a spiritual force that needs to critique their personal Savior, on love of the Bible and caresocial, political, and cultural fields in order to for their members but are frequently close toaffirm, denounce, purify, or reinforce in thelight of Catholic Tradition, development of doctrine,the Word of God. “Light to the nations” and a sacramental life and the wider social concerns.“city built on a mountain.” ACTIVISTS- take up the thrust for justice andThe Role of the Adolescent in the Church identification with the poor with such zeal that they find little time for prayer or sacramental life. Laity- members of the Church who are notordained or do not belong to a religious CHARISMATICS- are so dedicated to Spirit -filledcommunity. celebrations that the service of neighbor is neglected.The Adolescents share the Universal Call toHoliness. ( Must develop a strong spiritual life THREE PRINCIPAL TYPES OF UNBELIEFuniting themselves with Christ through prayers,work and sacraments.) 1. SIMPLE DENIAL THAT GOD EXIST Are called to serve the Church 2. SEEKING SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE INTO ONE’S FATE AND FUTURE WHICH ( Parish communities, diocesan, national, INCLUDES ALL FORMS OF DIVINATIONS,international levels) MAGIC, SORCERY, SPIRITISM ANDAre called to be witnesses of Christ and His OCCULTISM.Church. 3. SELF CENTEREDNESS AND PRIDE. ( They must try to bring Christian justice andcharity into all activities of human life.) CAUSES OF UNBELIEF*the adolescent is especially called to use 3 great 1. The Presumptions of Modern Science- thegoods that religious freely give up—wealth, vision of the world without the referencesexuality, independence. to God, that rejects His existence on the basis of scientific principles._______________________________________ 2. Man is the Center of the Universe-peopleLESSON 6: THE CHALLENGE OF UNBELIEF deny the existence of objectives truths or values “ the Church is no longer accepted*Faith requires complete trust in the providence as a doctrinal and moral authority”.of God. 3. The problem of evil -Today the awareness of the presence of evil is amplified“The changing social milieu of our Christian faith througgh the power of the mass mediaand Church has subjected our faith into and scientific advances.tremendous pressures and temptations toward 4. Handing on the faith-Changes in theunbelief” family and the Catholic schools make theBasic dimension : MORAL(activist) transmission of the faith to new generations more difficult. DOCTRINE(fundamentalists) 5. Secularization- Many believers follow the lifestyle in which God or religion is of little WORSHIP(charismatics)
importance. Having difficulty detaching 2. EVANGELIZATION OF THE CULTURE- this themselves from the search of modern can be done in so many ways such as: the false gods: money, success, popularity and World Youth Day . pleasure. 3. HELP FAMILIES TRANSMIT FAITH- this can be started as part of the assistanceUNBELIEF AS THE OBSTACLE TO BELIEVING, offered to couples during theirDOING AND WORSHIPPING preparation for marriage. Once the couple“ Unbelief in believing causes us to the sin of marry and have children, they need todisbelief that God is the God of Truth and ensure that their faith is lived out inGoodness.” concrete ways such as the proper celebration of religious feasts, family“Unbelief is an obstacle to faith” prayer and visits to Churches. 4. IMPROVE RELIGIOUS EDUCATION*faith is not automatic, it is constantly renewed, 5. GIVING WITNESS OF CHRISTIAN CHARITY,a personal relationship that needs to be BY MEANS OF FORGIVEENESS ANDnourished. FRATERNAL LOVEUNBELIEF pulls us away from saving truth of our _________________________________________faith. LESSON 7: THE CHALLENGE OF PRACTICALRESPONDING TO UNBELIEF ATHEISM The PCPII has proposed that the primary task we THEISM AND ATHEISMneed to do in order to assist those who aretrapped in unbelief is through CATECHESIS. “ WE ARE CALLED TO KNOW GOD AS A PRIMARY DUTY OF RELIGION AND WORSHIP”Catechesis is derived from the Greek word “ toresound” or “ to sound from above”. It means THEISM- Greek word “theos” meaning Godtherefore more than to instruct but to echo theWord in different places and in different times. ATHEISM- Greek word “ atheos” meaning without God or without knowledge of God (refers to aRenewed catechesis -grounds renewal in social position or a school of thought that denies theapostolate and worship. This catechesis that is existence of a God or gods.)Christ centered, rooted in the Living Scripture andauthentically Filipino and systematic. FORMS OF MODERN NON BELIEFOur moral life has its source of faith in God. HUMANISM- which makes humanity its god the be-all and the end-all of existence.Obedience of faith –first obligation (St. Paul) MARXIST COMMUNISM- which makes the“ignorance of God” principle and economic or social order the sole source of humanexplanationmoral deviations. freedom. FEUDALISM- which claims belief in God is mere wishful thinking .WAYS TO TACKLE THE PROBLEMS OF UNBELIEF 1. DIALOGUE- it is personal, patient, respectful, loving and sustained by prayer.
MATERIALISM- which affirms that the physical, “The lasting contribution may well be inmaterial world is the only reality and denies any showing “GOOD EXAMPLE” by PUTTING THEspiritual existence. FAITH INTO ACTION. Such “GOOD EXAMPLE” is especially effective when joined with reliablePRACTICAL ATHEISM guidance and direction in essential ChristianIs also known as “apatheism “ attitudes and responses in today’s challenges.”Practical atheist are so intent in having and VOCABULARY:acquiring riches, reputation, or power that they -“flawed but potent”-imperfect but powerfulhave no time for God. -Integrity-faithful support of standard of values -Liberation-the act of being free from physical,They act with apathy, disregard or lack interest political and spiritual oppression -incredulity-is the neglect of revealed truth/ willfultowards belief or lack of belief in God or gods. refusal to assent to it. -vigilance-to watch out w/ care and cautionTheir concern is more on the worldly things and Conversion-change of heart, turning away from sinshow to benefit from them Pragmatic and secularistic mentality-measures all human success in terms of economic and socialThey fail to recognize the signs of God’s emancipationpresence.“ Another form of contemporary atheism looks for the SOCIAL ENCYCLICALS:liberation. It holds that religion, in its very nature thwartssuch emancipation by raisng man’s hopesin a a future life, Rerum Novarum: On the Condition of Workersthus both deceiving him and discouraging him from working abetter form of life on earth” Issued on the fifteenth of May 1891. Literally "Of New Things," on capital and labor and the condition of theCAUSES OF ATHEISM working class. This was the most significant of all the encyclicals before or since. Rerum Novarum broke 1.) There is the pragmatic, secularistic down the barriers that separated the church from the mentality that measures all human worker. Rarely had the Church spoken on social success in terms of “economic and social matters in such an official and comprehensive fashion. emancipation” (consumerism) (POPE LEO XIII) 2.) POVERTY AND INJUSTICE Quadragesimo Anno: On the Reconstruction of (EXPLOITERS DENY GOD IN PRACTICE BY the Social Order REJECTING THE GOD GIVEN RIGHTS OF THEIR Issued May 15, 1931. Literally "In forty Years," VICTIMS. commemorating the fortieth anniversary of Rerum Novarum. Italso emphasized the immorality of keepingTHE OPPRESSED COME TO DENY GOD BECAUSE economic control in the hands of a few.THEY CANNOT SEE THE TRUTH OF THE CHRISTIANVISION AND PROMISE IN THEIR LIVES) (POPE PIUS XI)RESPOND OF THE CHURCH Mater et Magistra: Mother and Teacher Confront sinfulness as root of the problem Issued May 15, 1961. Literally "Mother and Teacher," Lead each person to conversion and social on Christianity and Social progress. theme of private property and introduced the notion of private initiative transformation Follow Jesus in mission
as an extension of private property. Mater et Magistra Octogesima Adveniens (Eightieth Anniversary)placed some in the hands of the state. Pope Paul VI, 1971(Pope John XXIII) Fides et Ratio (Relationship between Faith andLaborem Exercens: On Human Work Reason)Issued on September 14, 1981. Literally "On Human Pope John Paul II, 1998Work." Laborem Exercens focused on the themes thatwork is central to the social question and that work has Populorum Progressio (On the Development ofpotential not only to dehumanize but also to be the Peoples)means whereby the human person cooperates in Godsongoing creation. Pope Paul VI, 1967(POPE JOHN PAUL II)Centesimus Annus: The Hundredth Anniversary ofRerum NovarumIssued on May 1, 1991. Literally, "The Hundredth Year,"commemorating the one hundredth anniversary ofRerum Novarum. Centesimus Annus brought RerumNovarum up to date and tied it to "the preferentialoption for the poor" done in the context of the collapseof communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union,Centesimus Annus still criticized both capitalism andcommunism.(POPE JOHN PAUL II)Pacem in Terris (Peace on Earth)Pope John XXIII, 1963Pope John XXIII wrote the encyclical Pacem inTerris in April of 1963 to address a world deeplyengaged in the Cold War. The Berlin Wall had justgone up and the Cuban Missile Crisis frightenedmillions as nuclear weapons began to proliferate.Gaudium et Spes (Joy and Hope)Issued during the papacy of Pope Paul VI, 1965Pope Paul VI issued the encyclical Gaudium etSpes when the Second Vatican Council ended in1965. The document summarizes the council andgives an outline of the Church’s social teachings ina changing world.