Review Unit 4

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Review Unit 4

  1. 3. Unit 4. Experiments in Government
  2. 4. 1. Describe what Bi-Cameral means <ul><li>2 houses of government </li></ul><ul><li>House or Representatives (Based on population) </li></ul><ul><li>Senate (2 per state) </li></ul>
  3. 7. 2. In New York state, what 2 bodies “checked” each other?
  4. 8. 3. List 3 things the Articles of Confederation accomplished.
  5. 9. 4. Why was this form of government considered weak? <ul><li>Weak central/national government </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t tax </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t raise a military </li></ul><ul><li>States were like ‘I’m new jersey, we do what we want!!” </li></ul>
  6. 10. 5. Describe what Shay’s rebellion was <ul><li>1786- an “army” of 1,000 farmers marched into town and shut down the government. </li></ul><ul><li>They were unhappy with their taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Shows how weak the government was. </li></ul>
  7. 12. 6. Describe the “Great Compromise.” <ul><li>Big States </li></ul><ul><li>(with lots of people) </li></ul><ul><li>Government representation should be based on population </li></ul><ul><li>People = votes </li></ul><ul><li>Small States </li></ul><ul><li>Each state should have the same amount of representation </li></ul><ul><li>1 state, 1 vote </li></ul>
  8. 13. Great Compromise <ul><li>Senate </li></ul><ul><li>2 reps per state </li></ul><ul><li>(100 total) </li></ul><ul><li>House of representatives </li></ul><ul><li>1 rep per 450,000 in population </li></ul><ul><li>(435 total) </li></ul>
  9. 14. Great Compromise <ul><li>Government representation will have “2 houses” </li></ul>
  10. 16. 7. Explain the issue of the 3/5ths compromise. <ul><li>How should slaves be counted for representation in government? </li></ul>
  11. 17. 7. Explain the issue of the 3/5ths compromise. <ul><li>South: </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves should count as population </li></ul><ul><li>North: </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves should count for nothing, they can’t vote! </li></ul>
  12. 18. 7. Explain the issue of the 3/5ths compromise. <ul><li>Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves = 3/5 of a person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3/5 for votes in government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3/5 for taxation </li></ul></ul>
  13. 20. 8. Define: Federalism <ul><li>Power is divided between the states and the federal government </li></ul>
  14. 22. 9. Explain how representative government works <ul><li>Voters elect leaders </li></ul>
  15. 24. 10. What are the 3 branches our Government is separated into? <ul><li>Legislative </li></ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial </li></ul>
  16. 27. 10. What are the 3 branches our Government is separated into? <ul><li>1. Legislative: writes laws </li></ul><ul><li>Senate, House of Reps </li></ul>
  17. 28. 10. What are the 3 branches our Government is separated into? <ul><li>2. Executive branch (PRESIDENT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforces laws </li></ul></ul>
  18. 29. 10. What are the 3 branches our Government is separated into? <ul><li>3. Judicial (Courts  supreme court) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interprets laws </li></ul></ul>
  19. 30. 11. How do checks and balances work? <ul><li>Each branch has powers to make sure the others don’t’ get too powerful </li></ul>
  20. 32. Examples: checks and balances <ul><li>Executive Branch Checks on the Legislative Branch </li></ul><ul><li>President has the power to veto laws passed by the Congress </li></ul>
  21. 33. Examples: checks and balances <ul><li>Legislative Branch Checks on the Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Congress can overturn a Presidential veto with a 2/3 vote of both houses </li></ul>
  22. 34. Examples: checks and balances <ul><li>Judicial Branch Checks on the Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court can use the power of judicial review to rule laws unconstitutional </li></ul>
  23. 35. 12. What is the elastic clause? Why was this a good idea? <ul><li>Congress has the power to stretch its powers to meet new situations </li></ul><ul><li>Laws regarding new technology </li></ul><ul><li>Speed Limits (No cars in 1776) </li></ul>
  24. 36. 7. Through what process can our Constitution be changed? <ul><li>Amendment process </li></ul>
  25. 37. Constitution of the United States of America:
  26. 38. 14. Describe article 1 of the constitution <ul><li>Sets up the legislative Branch </li></ul>
  27. 39. 15. Explain what article 2 of the constitution establishes <ul><li>Sets up the executive Branch </li></ul>
  28. 40. 16. What does the first amendment of the constitution protect? <ul><li>Individual Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assembly </li></ul></ul>
  29. 41. 9. Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?

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