Herzberg and locke's motivational theories.key tef


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Herzberg and locke's motivational theories.key tef

  1. 1. Herzberg's and Locke's motivational theories Thursday, 25 July 13
  2. 2. The 'hygiene' word is deliberately medical as it is an analogy of the need to do something that is necessary, but which does contribute towards  making the patient well (it only stops them getting sick). Frederick Herzberg drew on Maslow’s theory of human needs and expanded it. He replaced a single hierarchy of needs with two sets of factors. In Herzberg’s theory, only the second set was really useful in motivating employees. Herzberg’s two factor (motivation-hygiene) theory We have basic needs (hygiene needs) which, when not met, cause us to be dissatisfied. Meeting these needs does not make us satisfied - it merely prevents us from becoming dissatisfied. Thursday, 25 July 13
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  5. 5. In-trin-sic Inward , inwardly < intra- , within 1 belonging to the real nature of a thing; not dependent on external circumstances; essential; inherent 2 located within, or exclusively of, a part Ex-trin-sic From without, outer, without 1 Not really belonging to the thing with which it is connected; not inherent 2 Being, coming, or acting from the outside; Extrinsic refers to that which, coming from outside a thing, is not inherent in its real nature [ the extrinsic advantages of wealth] Thursday, 25 July 13
  6. 6. You need to be paid on time each month so you can pay your bills. If you are not paid on time, you get really unhappy. But when you get paid on time, you hardly notice it. Question: What factor is your salary? Example.... Thursday, 25 July 13
  7. 7. On the other hand, when your supervisor gives you a pat on the back, you feel good. You don't expect this every day and don't especially miss not having praise all of the time. Question:What factor is the pat on the back? Example..... Thursday, 25 July 13
  8. 8. A comparison with Maslow Thursday, 25 July 13
  9. 9. Locke’s goal-setting theory Edwin Locke’s motivation theory is not a needs theory; it is known as goal theory. According to Locke, satisfaction comes from achieving defined goals. He argued the more challenging the goals, the greater will be the effort put in and also the satisfaction enjoyed by the worker. Difficult goals, when accepted by workers, result in higher performance than easy goals. Goals must be challenging Goals must be specific Set Collaboratively Positive Feedback Thursday, 25 July 13