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Facilities design and layout

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Facilities design and layout

  1. 1. Facilities design and layoutTuesday, 7 May 13
  2. 2. Facilities design and layout involves planning the layout ofworkspace to streamline the production processWhen choosing the best layout, an operations managerneeds to consider whether or not there is:• enoughTuesday, 7 May 13
  3. 3. In a fixed-position layout, the workers and equipment come to the product.Afixed-position layout is used when it is not feasible to move the product (forexample, because of its size, shape or dangerous composition). Examples includeaircraft manufacturing and household electrical repairs.Fixed-position layoutTuesday, 7 May 13
  4. 4. In a product-oriented layout, the facility is arranged so thatequipment and workstations are in line to provide a sequence ofspecialised tasks. A product layout is best when one standardisedproduct is being produced in large volumes. Examples includemotor vehicle manufacturing and automatic car washes.Product layoutTuesday, 7 May 13
  5. 5. In a process-oriented layout, the facility is arranged so thatequipment and workstations are grouped together according totheir function (the task they carry out). A process layout is bestwhen there are a variety of products or variations on a singleproduct. Examples include warehouses and hospitals.Process layoutTuesday, 7 May 13
  6. 6. Retail layoutRetailers use approaches such as:Impulse items in prominent locationsHigh Draw items on opposite side of store E.g.BreadTuesday, 7 May 13
  7. 7. Office LayoutWhat factors would a business consider when planning the officelayoutTuesday, 7 May 13

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