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  1. 1. Ethical Considerations
  2. 2. Australian Psychological Society • Confidentiality • Voluntary Participation • Informed consent • Withdrawal Rights • Deception • Debriefing
  3. 3. SAC QUESTION If you were going to perform a PET scan on a 14 year old girl, what ethical concerns would you need to consider? List and describe at least three concerns. Make sure you state why they are relevant.
  4. 4. Informed consent • Wherever possible, participants must be informed of the nature and purpose of the investigation. • The informed consent must be appropriately documented. • For participants who are legally incapable of giving informed consent (children, mentally incapable), the research must obtain consent from those who are legally responsible for their welfare. • Before deciding that research does not require informed written consent the research must consult with an ethics committee.
  5. 5. Confidentiality • Confidentiality means participants have a right to privacy so their involvement in the study (test results or confidential data) cannot be used so they can be identified unless their written consent is given. This must be explained beforehand.
  6. 6. Withdrawal Rights • Withdrawal rights means that participants must be told they have the right to participate or withdraw from a study at any time and for any reason during the research if they wish to.
  7. 7. Deception • Deception in research may sometimes occur if it is necessary to conduct a study without fully informing participants about the true purpose and nature of the study because it may affect the accuracy of the results. • The researcher must ensure the participants do not suffer any stress as a result of the procedure, and ensure participants are fully debriefed at the end of the study.
  8. 8. Debriefing • Debriefing means that at the end of a study the researcher must inform participants about the true nature, purpose, results and conclusions of the study, and correct any misleading ideas and impressions they have about the study. • The researcher should also provide information on services available to help treat any stress resulting from the study.