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Bed bug presentation for law enforcement and correctional facilities


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Bed bug presentation for law enforcement and correctional facilities

  2. 2. BED BUGS! AN OLD PEST MAKES A COMEBACK! HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF AND YOUR FAMILY *Majority of this material is from Jackson Township Fire Department, Grove City, Ohio who created this presentation. Updated: 11- 4- 2011 by Captain Brian Arnold, Stark County Sheriff's Office, Canton, Ohio
  3. 3. Bed Bugs <ul><li>What’s being done about Bed Bugs? </li></ul><ul><li>Quick facts and myths </li></ul><ul><li>Where are they? </li></ul><ul><li>Where will they soon be? </li></ul><ul><li>Bed bug education </li></ul><ul><li>What we can do? </li></ul>
  4. 4. WHAT'S BEING DONE ABOUT BED BUGS? <ul><li>USEPA is considering allowing more pesticides to be use to kill bed bugs* </li></ul><ul><li>Several cities in the country have developed “Bed Bug Task Forces” to deal with education and enforcement issues </li></ul><ul><li>There is pending state legislation for bed bug awareness, SB 39, HB 129 </li></ul>
  5. 5. BED BUGS – QUICK FACTS <ul><li>Bed bugs were controlled, but never completely eradicated in the USA after WWII through the use of highly toxic pesticides like DDT </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the pesticides that were effective against bed bugs are no longer available </li></ul><ul><li>Bed bugs have developed resistance to many of the pesticides that have been used to kill them </li></ul><ul><li>Increased foreign travel, immigration, and importation of goods has helped to spread bed bugs </li></ul>
  6. 6. BED BUGS – QUICK FACTS <ul><li>Bed Bugs aren’t known to carry disease </li></ul><ul><li>Bed bugs are blood feeders. They can live for a year after taking a blood meal </li></ul><ul><li>Bed bug bites normally occur at night, and the bite is generally painless </li></ul><ul><li>Most people develop itchy welts after they’ve been bitten </li></ul><ul><li>Scratching the welts may lead to the development of dermatitis and secondary infections </li></ul>
  7. 7. BED BUGS – QUICK FACTS <ul><li>A FEW BED BUG MYTHS </li></ul><ul><li>Only “dirty people” get bed bugs </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bed bugs are only found in places like military barracks where people are crowded together” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bed bugs are only a problem for low – income people” </li></ul>
  8. 8. BED BUG MYTHS DEBUNKED ! The greatest obstacle to managing bed bugs is overcoming the myths that are associated with them These myths (and others like them) have created a stigma for people who find their homes infested with bed bugs The bottom line is this : Regardless of one’s hygiene, financial status, or place of residence, bed bugs can infest your home
  9. 9. BED BUGS ARE HERE, NOW ! <ul><li>Bed bug infestations are out of control in Cincinnati </li></ul><ul><li>Akron, Canton, Cleveland, Columbus, Findlay, Marion, Mansfield, Toledo and many other large and small towns across Ohio are battling bed bugs </li></ul><ul><li>No community or neighborhood is immune </li></ul><ul><li>Rich or poor it doesn’t matter </li></ul>
  10. 10. BED BUGS ARE EVERYWHERE ! <ul><li>Senior Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing homes </li></ul><ul><li>Apartments </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels </li></ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Office’s </li></ul><ul><li>Firehouses </li></ul><ul><li>Police stations </li></ul>Bed bugs have been found in: <ul><li>Private Homes </li></ul><ul><li>Churches </li></ul><ul><li>Movie Theatres </li></ul><ul><li>College Dorms </li></ul><ul><li>Social Service Agency Offices </li></ul><ul><li>AND ...... Lock-Ups & Jails </li></ul>
  11. 11. PREVENTION <ul><li>Taking the precautionary measures in this presentation will also lessen the likelihood that you will transport other pests to work or home such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fleas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cockroaches </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Carpet Infestation Courtesy of OSU Extension
  14. 14. Furniture Infestation Courtesy of OSU Extension
  15. 15. KNOW THE ENEMY! <ul><li>Adult bed bugs are visible to the naked eye </li></ul><ul><li>They are brown and about ¼ – 3/8” long when full - grown. </li></ul><ul><li>In the nymph stages, bed bugs are whitish and smaller, but they are still often visible. </li></ul><ul><li>They don't fly, but they are adept crawlers, and they move FAST! –They scatter quickly if they’re disturbed </li></ul>
  16. 16. KNOW THE ENEMY <ul><li>Bed bug eggs are glued to the surface they've been laid on, so they're hard to dislodge </li></ul><ul><li>They reside along baseboards – photo shows eggs, nymphs, and adults beneath carpet edge </li></ul>Courtesy of University of Kentucky
  17. 17. KNOW THE ENEMY <ul><li>Females lay 1, 2 eggs per day - 10 to 50 eggs in batches – 200 to 500 in lifetime </li></ul><ul><li>Eggs hatch in about 10 days </li></ul><ul><li>Nymphs look for food, die within 2 days if they do not feed </li></ul><ul><li>Needs a blood meal to molt, there are five progressively larger nymphal stages until adulthood </li></ul><ul><li>Reach maturity in about five weeks </li></ul>
  18. 18. KNOW THE ENEMY <ul><li>Average life span is six to nine months </li></ul><ul><li>Development is ideal with temperatures of 70 to 82 degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Entire life cycle from egg to adult is 5 weeks to 4 months depending on temperature and food availability </li></ul><ul><li>They will feed every few days if a host is available </li></ul>
  19. 19. LIFE CYCLE
  20. 20. KNOW THE ENEMY <ul><li>Fast moving insects </li></ul><ul><li>Nocturnal blood feeders </li></ul><ul><li>Inject a sharp beak, in the sleeping host </li></ul><ul><li>Inject a anticoagulant </li></ul><ul><li>Nymphs feed 3 minutes – adults 10 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Then hide to digest blood </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer, fabric, wood and paper to hide </li></ul>
  21. 21. KNOW THE ENEMY <ul><li>Bed bugs love to hide in nooks and crannies </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture joints, receptacles, baseboards, cracks in the wall, behind picture frames, and suitcases are ideal hiding places </li></ul>
  22. 22. KNOW THE ENEMY <ul><li>Bites may itch, but not always. The welts that form whitish, but they may become inflamed. The bites often occur in rows </li></ul><ul><li>Bites do not have a red spot in the middle as in flea bites </li></ul><ul><li>Bed bugs are not known to transmit disease, but scratching the welts may lead to skin infections </li></ul>
  23. 23. KNOW THE ENEMY <ul><li>Bed bugs leave tell-tales signs such as blood stains near the bite site </li></ul><ul><li>Dark deposits (fecal spots) occur on sheets, mattresses and & walls </li></ul><ul><li>In severe infestations, a sweet, musty odor from the insects’ scent glands may be present </li></ul>
  24. 24. KNOW THE ENEMY <ul><li>Bed bugs are attracted by our body heat and the carbon dioxide that we exhale </li></ul><ul><li>Bed bugs prefer humans to other mammals and birds, but they will feed on them, also </li></ul>
  25. 25. BED BUG CONTROL <ul><li>Bedbugs are hard to kill </li></ul><ul><li>No “over the counter” pesticide is effective </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bug bombs” are designed to kill flying insects only scatter bed bugs </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment requires a licensed pest control operator </li></ul><ul><li>People with bed bugs have to </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce clutter </li></ul><ul><li>Encase their mattress and box springs </li></ul><ul><li>Store their belongings in tightly closed plastic bags or containers </li></ul><ul><li>Vacuum the affected area daily </li></ul>
  26. 26. MORE ABOUT BED BUG CONTROL <ul><li>Eradication of an infestation requires: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple treatments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of several different pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance by the occupants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disposal of infested furniture ( sometimes )‏ </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. ARE YOU ITCHING TO AVOID AN INFESTATION? You never know when you'll be called to a Bed – Bug infested building Courtesy of University of Kentucky
  28. 28. ARE YOU ITCHING TO AVOID AN INFESTATION? <ul><ul><li>Wear shoe covers whenever you enter a potentially infested place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tuck pant legs into your socks or boots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspect shoes before entering your vehicle or returning to the station or jail. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store your footwear in a sealed plastic bag until they can be placed in a dryer for 30 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggest you have a spare pair of shoes in your vehicle </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. TAKE PRECAUTIONS! <ul><li>Stand in the middle of the living room, kitchen or where ever you are comfortable </li></ul><ul><li>Do not lean up against the walls, doors, stoves, or sit on any cloth or leather furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Do not place any article on furniture, bedding or carpeting </li></ul><ul><li>Wooden furniture is acceptable, but you still want to be careful! </li></ul>
  30. 30. YOUR VEHICLE <ul><li>Keep in your car </li></ul><ul><li>Protective shoe covers </li></ul><ul><li>Sealable plastic bags </li></ul><ul><li>Change of clothing and footwear </li></ul><ul><li>Tyvec® coverall with hood for severe infestations </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your vehicle clear of clutter </li></ul><ul><li>Vacuum weekly </li></ul><ul><li>Inspect periodically for bed bug presence </li></ul>
  31. 31. ARE YOU ITCHING TO AVOID AN INFESTATION? <ul><ul><li>Change your clothes at work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put the dirty laundry in a sealed plastic bag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can either leave it there or take it home to be washed and dried </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. PRISONER PROCESSING <ul><li>Recommend that upon entry during the pre-screening process the prisoner is asked: </li></ul><ul><li>In the last three months have you stayed in a place where you think you may have been exposed to bed bugs? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you been bitten by bed bugs or do they have bites or blisters and you don’t know why? </li></ul>
  33. 33. PRISONER HAS BED BUGS <ul><li>Isolate the prisoner in a barren cell or shower </li></ul><ul><li>Remove all of their clothing and place the articles in a hot water soluble bag </li></ul><ul><li>Place the bag in a washer on a hot water setting </li></ul><ul><li>If you cannot wash the clothes immediately put them in a plastic bag and seal it. </li></ul><ul><li>Dry the clothing on Cotton or hottest setting for not less than 30 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>If they have footwear that cannot be washed, seal them in a plastic bag until you can place them in a dryer </li></ul>
  34. 34. DRYER RACK <ul><li>Footwear can be placed on a dryer rack. </li></ul><ul><li>Dryer placed on the highest heat setting </li></ul><ul><li>Run the dryer for 30 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Store the footwear in a plastic bag or sealable plastic container as an added precaution </li></ul>
  35. 35. PRISONER HAS BED BUGS <ul><li>Have the prisoner take a shower </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that they thoroughly soap up and rinse </li></ul><ul><li>Segregate them until they can be examined by medical staff </li></ul><ul><li>Contact the Health Department </li></ul>
  36. 36. DO AN INSPECTION <ul><li>If the cell or housing unit is contaminated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove all bedding and place in sealed bags labeled “Bed Bugs” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wash & dry bedding on highest heat settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean the mattresses with soap & water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dispose of the bags in an outside dumpster and any mattresses that have cracks and write on them that they have bed bugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power wash the cell(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal any crevices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steam clean carpets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repaint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact an exterminator </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. ARE YOU ITCHING TO AVOID AN INFESTATION? <ul><li>At Home: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be very careful about bringing used furniture, clothing or bedding into your home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seal new or used clothing that you’ve bought in a plastic bag and wash and dry in a hot dryer for at least 30 minutes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you’ve travelled, don’t take your suitcases in the house. Put the contents in plastic bags until they can be washed and dried </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 38. ARE YOU ITCHING TO AVOID AN INFESTATION? <ul><ul><ul><li>Check furniture for bed bugs and eggs. Used upholstered furniture (and some new stuff) has been found to be bed bug infested </li></ul></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Sleep Tight, Don’t let the Bed Bugs Bite!
  40. 41. COBBTF MISSION <ul><li>Develop consistent messages about bed bugs for the community </li></ul><ul><li>Develop educational materials available to everyone in the community </li></ul><ul><li>Develop consistent enforcement strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Create a web site to use as the main source of information </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor information for each at – risk group </li></ul>
  41. 42. COBBTF STRUCTURE <ul><li>Headed by a Steering Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Established a Media Relations and Community Outreach Committee to oversee the products developed </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberately non-jurisdictional . No agency or organization controls the Task Force – it exists for the benefit of everyone. Everything that we produce is freely available to all </li></ul>
  42. 43. THE CENTRAL OHIO BED BUG TASK FORCE (COBBTF) ‏ <ul><li>Formed in November, 2008 as the number of bed bug complaints received by Columbus Code Enforcement and Franklin County Board of Health began to rise </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary organization made up of representatives from schools, fire departments, landlords, tenant rights groups, hotel and lodging, health care, pesticide industry, Franklin County and Columbus Health Departments </li></ul><ul><li>We're always looking for more people to get involved! </li></ul>
  43. 44. OUR WEBSITE