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Teacher Education, K-12 Education and the Massive Open Online Course

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Presentation at the 44th Canadian Society for the Study of Education (CSSE) Conference by Dave Cormier and Bonnie Stewart. A review of MOOCs from their coining in 2008 to practical uses in the field of Higher Education. Discusses MOOC narratives of solutionism, disruption and unbundling. Includes MOOCs as open access, open accreditation, Niche MOOCs and important trends on the horizon.

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Teacher Education, K-12 Education and the Massive Open Online Course

  1. 1. EDUCATION ON THE OPEN WEB: Teacher Education, K-12 Education, & Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) Bonnie Stewart & Dave Cormier University of Prince Edward Island Association of Canadian Deans of Education 2016 Congress of the Social Sciences & Humanities
  2. 2. Or…How I Learned to Stop Worrying & Love the MOOC
  3. 3. @cogdog
  4. 4. The Story: MOOC Histories MOOC Narratives MOOC/Open Models for Education MOOC Futures
  5. 5. A Brief History of MOOCs 2008 – CCK08 2011 – Stanford AI 2012 – year of the MOOC 2014 – Sanity returns 2016 – Growth
  6. 6. By NeedCokeNow - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27546041 2008 2011 2012 2013 – 2014 2015-2016 …? MOOCs on the Gartner Hype Cycle
  7. 7. Massive Open Online Courses http://www.flickr.com/photos/garymacfadyen/6860003781/
  8. 8. 2010 Study: McAuley, Stewart, Siemens & Cormier •MOOCs embody digital practices •Harness & contribute to knowledge abundance •Are participatory, networked & distributed •Generate knowledge & connections that extend beyond course •Share the processes of knowledge work, not just the products
  9. 9. early 2012…
  10. 10. http://www.flickr.com/photos/gforsythe/8028605773/
  11. 11. late 2013… “We have a lousy product.” http://www.fastcompany.com/3021473/udacity-sebastian-thrun-uphill-climb
  12. 12. MOOCs are over. Everybody go home.
  13. 13. WAIT. Slope of Enlightenment?!?!
  14. 14. MOOC Narratives http://www.flickr.com/photos/felmarah/5078680202
  15. 15. MOOCs make visible the ‘education is broken’ refrain of disruption, solutionism, & unbundling
  16. 16. 1. Disruption https://www.flickr.com/photos/94342662@N00/3869483214/
  17. 17. 2. Solutionism “Technological solutionism” is the…tendency to identify simple answers “before the questions have been fully asked” or the problems fully articulated. Take, for example: “the Internet has changed everything about how we teach and learn.” Thus, “education is broken.” And from there, “technology will fix it.” - Audrey Watters, 2013
  18. 18. http://www.slideshare.net/willdonovan/eotw-workshop-v3
  19. 19. 3. Unbundling
  20. 20. …& the power of mass media & recognized brands
  21. 21. But narratives shift as MOOC providers struggle to find business models.
  22. 22. So what does this have to do with us?
  23. 23. With all their issues, MOOCs still offer flexibility to faculties & institutions.
  24. 24. MOOC / Open Models: Stories from the field
  25. 25. Stories from the field What do you mean open? 2012 MOOCs Remedial moocs Marketing moocs Brand moocs Contract MOOC Research/community moocs https://www.flickr.com/photos/missrogue/3353012785
  26. 26. http://www.flickr.com/photos/lljohnston/7576247296/sizes/c/in/photostream/ University of Edinburgh Open as access
  27. 27. xMOOC
  28. 28. cMOOC
  29. 29. http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcobellucci/3534516458 • Loss leader • Conversion Why would we do this?
  30. 30. Opening participation & new niches for sharing expertise
  31. 31. Yawn…
  32. 32. http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcobellucci/3534516458 Why would we do this? • Community outreach • New funding sources • Showcasing niche expertise
  33. 33. Opening Accreditation
  34. 34. http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcobellucci/3534516458 Why would we do this? • Theorizing ‘school’ • International partnerships
  35. 35. Open Research
  36. 36. http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcobellucci/3534516458 Why would we do this? • Networked participatory scholarship (Veletsianos & Kimmons, 2012)
  37. 37. MOOC Futures
  38. 38. Deconstructing School
  39. 39. MOOCs for teacher education & professional development
  40. 40. Networked Development
  41. 41. K-12 Applications • Higher ed credits for high school students • University prep classes for high school students • K-12 courses/AP offered across a district • Supplemental hybrid or blended learning (a class joins a specific MOOC together OR content from MOOCs gets repurposed by K-12 teachers) • Special interest courses can be offered even to remote learners.
  42. 42. Faculty of Ed Applications & Possibilities • Showcase niche program or faculty specializations by offering an intro MOOC • Coordinate common program offerings across province or country • Attract funding in new policy / issue sectors • Encourage networked participatory scholarship among faculty & students • Provide pedagogical leadership throughout higher ed on good learning practice
  43. 43. Challenges • Cost/time • Minimal revenue • Working in the open • The need for brand (personal or public) https://www.flickr.com/photos/magnopere/109128943/
  44. 44. If a MOOC is a solution, what’s the problem?
  45. 45. MOOCs are looking more and more like ‘online learning’ ‘Suddenly all of this work is dismissed because MOOCs represent a year zero for online education, and therefore everything you have done previously cannot be counted. It’s a landgrab – some of this confusion is accidental…but in other cases it is more deliberate. By claiming that MOOCs invented online learning they look to be the inheritors of its future.’ -Martin Weller, The Open University, May 2016
  46. 46. Presence (Garrison, Anderson & Archer, 2001) = key to ALL good online offerings
  47. 47. Online = people
  48. 48. There is no such thing as a digital native.
  49. 49. http://dubioblog.com/2012/01/08/how-to-learn-the-how-learning-domains/ Learning is Multi-faceted
  50. 50. Presence is Multi-faceted. So are good MOOCs. http://www.learningsolutionsmag.com/articles/761/building-an-online-learning-community
  51. 51. …& sometimes you can’t beat f2f
  52. 52. Thank you. @bonstewart bstewart@upei.ca @davecormier davcormier@upei.ca
  53. 53. Further MOOC Reading • http://blog.edtechie.net/mooc/appropriate-use-of-moocs/ • http://www.thesociologicalreview.com/blog/is-it-a-bird-is- it-a-plane-no-it-s-a-superprofessor.html • https://campustechnology.com/articles/2016/04/28/researc h-facebook-may-keep-students-in-moocs.aspx • http://qz.com/650283/coursera-is-offering-a-way-to-get-a- real-masters-degree-for-a-lot-less-money/? utm_content=buffer8f37f&utm_medium=social&utm_source=f acebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer • http://robinderosa.net/uncategorized/my-open-textbook- pedagogy-and-practice/

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