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Flooring solutions

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Condensed version of the presentation made to CoAction Staff Association October 25, 2019

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Flooring solutions

  1. 1. Presents Flooring Solutions A CoAction Maintenance Workshop Written & presented by Kent Price Friday October 25, 2019 Main-Gerrard Co-op
  2. 2. Declaration of Acknowledgement of Traditional Territories As we gather together at the Main-Gerard Co-op, we acknowledge this sacred land where we meet. It has been a site of human activity for 15,000 years. This land is the territory of the Huron-Wendat and Petun First Nations, the Seneca and, most recently, the Mississaugas of the Credit River. The territory was the subject of the Dish With One Spoon Wampum Belt Covenant, an agreement between the Iroquois Confederacy and Confederacy of the Ojibwe and allied nations to peaceably share and care for the resources around the Great Lakes. Today, the meeting place of Toronto is still the home to many indigenous people from across Turtle Island and we are grateful to have the opportunity to work in the community on this territory. We are also mindful of broken covenants and the need to strive to make right with all our relations.
  3. 3. Introductions • Name • Co-op • Job Title • Type of buildings at your co-op (townhouses, high-rise, etc.?) • Age of buildings • Types of flooring in use • Concerns about existing flooring • Do you install flooring yourself, use contractors, or both? Please introduce yourself and tell us a bit about why you chose to attend this workshop.
  4. 4. How many types of flooring in this discussion? 1. Luxury Vinyl Tile & Plank 2. Vinyl Composite Tile 3. Sheet Vinyl & Adhesive Tiles 4. Linoleum 5. Laminate 6. Parquet 8. Engineered Wood 9. Ceramic & Porcelain Tile 11. Cork 12. Bamboo 7. Hardwood Strip 10. Carpet
  5. 5. What types of flooring are not included? 1. Natural Stone & Travertine (too expensive) 2. Rubber (too trendy) 3. Liquid Epoxy (too new school) 4. Terrazzo (too Italian) 5. Polished Concrete (too Industrial) 6. Leather (too hipster) 8. Dirt (too old-fashioned; may attract hippies) 7. Painted plywood (too crude)
  6. 6. How do we make comparisons? 1. Ease of Installation - DIY, Skilled, Professional 2. Upkeep Required - Routine, Moderate, High Maintenance 3. Repairability - Routine, Moderate, Difficult 4. Water Resistance - Good, Moderate, Poor 5. Scratch Resistance - Good, Moderate, Poor 6. Resiliency - Resilient, Some Resilience, Brittle 7. Environmental Impact - Low, Moderate, High 8. Cost - Low, Moderate, High
  7. 7. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile Vinyl Tile Sheet Vinyl Linoleum Laminate Ceramic Tile Parquet Hardwood Engineered Wood Carpet Bamboo Cork
  8. 8. Preparing to lay a new floor • Emptying the room of contents and fixtures if necessary • Removal of wall trims • Removal of old floor covering • Reinforcing and repairing the subfloor • Smoothing & levelling the subfloor; pulling nails or staples and scraping old adhesive • Providing an appropriate underlayment
  9. 9. Preparing to lay a new floor • Emptying the room of contents and fixtures if necessary • Removal of wall trims • Removal of old floor covering • Reinforcing and repairing the subfloor • Smoothing & levelling the subfloor; pulling nails or staples and scraping old adhesive • Providing an appropriate underlayment
  10. 10. Floor Structure Concrete Slab
  11. 11. Floor Structure Concrete Slab Wood frame Construction • Joists • Subfloor • Underlayment (underlay) • Floor covering
  12. 12. 1. Luxury Vinyl Tile & Plank • LVF, LVP, LVT, PVC - what’s with all the acronyms? • Appearance is impressive • Installation can be DIY • Water resistance is excellent • Scratch resistance is poor • Resilient flooring • Repairability is not easy • Environmental impact is poor • Cost is moderate - $4.50 sq ft
  13. 13. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile Sheet Vinyl Linoleum Laminate Ceramic Tile Parquet Hardwood Engineered Wood Carpet Bamboo Cork
  14. 14. 2. Vinyl Composite Tile • What is it, what goes into it? A note about asbestos. • Periodic maintenance req’d • Installation requires skill • Water resistance is average • Scratch resistance is moderate • Can be brittle • Repairability is good • Environmental impact is poor • Cost is low - $1.00 sq ft
  15. 15. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl Linoleum Laminate Ceramic Tile Parquet Hardwood Engineered Wood Carpet Bamboo Cork
  16. 16. 3. Sheet vinyl and adhesive tiles • What is it, what goes into it? A note about asbestos. • No periodic maintenance • Installation can be DIY • Water resistance is moderate • Scratch resistance is not great • Resilient • Repairability can be difficult • Environmental impact is poor • Cost is low - $1.00 sq ft
  17. 17. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum Laminate Ceramic Tile Parquet Hardwood Engineered Wood Carpet Bamboo Cork
  18. 18. 4. Linoleum • What is it, what goes into it? • No periodic maintenance • Installation - skilled or pro • Water resistance is moderate • Scratch resistance is not great • Resilient • Repairability can be difficult • Environmental impact is low • Cost is moderate - $4.00 sq ft
  19. 19. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum SKILLED ROUTINE MODERATE MODERATE RESILIENT MODERATE LOW MODERAT E Laminate Ceramic Tile Parquet Hardwood Engineered Wood Carpet Bamboo Cork
  20. 20. 5. Laminate • What is it, what goes into it? • No periodic maintenance • Installation can be DIY • Water resistance is poor • Scratch resistance is moderate • Some resilience • Repairability is difficult • Environmental impact is moderate • Cost is low - $1.50 sq ft
  21. 21. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum SKILLED ROUTINE MODERATE MODERATE RESILIENT MODERATE LOW MODERAT E Laminate DIY ROUTINE POOR MODERATE SOME DIFFICULT MODERATE LOW Ceramic Tile Parquet Hardwood Engineered Wood Carpet Bamboo Cork
  22. 22. 6. Ceramic & Porcelain Tile • Talk about old school • Good subfloor preparation • Installation requires skill • Water resistance is excellent • Scratch resistance is excellent • Brittle, hard and cold • Repairability is good • Environmental impact is moderate • Cost starts low - $1.50 sq ft but excludes installation. • New products - snapstone.com
  23. 23. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum SKILLED ROUTINE MODERATE MODERATE RESILIENT MODERATE LOW MODERAT E Laminate DIY ROUTINE POOR MODERATE SOME DIFFICULT MODERATE LOW Ceramic Tile SKILLED ROUTINE GOOD GOOD BRITTLE GOOD LOW MODERAT E Parquet Hardwood Engineered Wood Carpet Bamboo Cork
  24. 24. 7. Parquet • wood species and patterns • Installation requires skill • Finishing requires professional equipment • Water resistance is poor • Scratch resistance is moderate • Repairability is good • Environmental impact is moderate • Cost is moderate - $4.00 sq ft plus refinishing • Periodic maintenance req’d
  25. 25. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum SKILLED ROUTINE MODERATE MODERATE RESILIENT MODERATE LOW MODERAT E Laminate DIY ROUTINE POOR MODERATE SOME DIFFICULT MODERATE LOW Ceramic Tile SKILLED ROUTINE GOOD GOOD BRITTLE GOOD LOW MODERAT E Parquet PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE BRITTLE GOOD MODERATE MODERAT E Hardwood Engineered Wood Carpet Bamboo Cork
  26. 26. 8. Solid Hardwood • Not to be confused with... • Installation - skilled and pro • Periodic maintenance req’d • Water resistance is poor • Scratch resistance is moderate; Janka Scale • Can last 100 years • Repairability is difficult • Environmental impact is moderate* (depends...) • Cost starts at moderate - $4.00 sq ft and upwards
  27. 27. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum SKILLED ROUTINE MODERATE MODERATE RESILIENT MODERATE LOW MODERAT E Laminate DIY ROUTINE POOR MODERATE SOME DIFFICULT MODERATE LOW Ceramic Tile SKILLED ROUTINE GOOD GOOD BRITTLE GOOD LOW MODERAT E Parquet PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE BRITTLE GOOD MODERATE MODERAT E Hardwood PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE MODERATE DIFFICULT LOW? MODERATE * Engineered Wood Carpet Bamboo Cork
  28. 28. 9. Engineered Hardwood • Differing product quality • Periodic maintenance possible • Installation requires skill • Moisture resistance is better than solid hardwood • Scratch resistance is moderate • Repairability is good • Environmental impact is moderate • Cost is moderate to high - starts around $4.50 sq ft
  29. 29. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum SKILLED ROUTINE MODERATE MODERATE RESILIENT MODERATE LOW MODERAT E Laminate DIY ROUTINE POOR MODERATE SOME DIFFICULT MODERATE LOW Ceramic Tile SKILLED ROUTINE GOOD GOOD BRITTLE GOOD LOW MODERAT E Parquet PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE BRITTLE GOOD MODERATE MODERAT E Hardwood PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE MODERATE DIFFICULT LOW? MODERATE * Engineered Wood SKILLED MODERATE POOR MODERATE MODERATE DIFFICULT MODERATE MODERAT E Carpet Bamboo Cork
  30. 30. 10. Carpet • Natural vs Synthetic Fibres Wool, Nylon, Polyester and polypropylene (or Olefin) • High maintenance • Professional installation • Repairability is difficult • Environmental factors • “Cradle-to-cradle” • PET recycling • Dust and mould • Cost is moderate to high • Limited use as in-suite finish? • Pile, twist, density & face weight
  31. 31. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum SKILLED ROUTINE MODERATE MODERATE RESILIENT MODERATE LOW MODERAT E Laminate DIY ROUTINE POOR MODERATE SOME DIFFICULT MODERATE LOW Ceramic Tile SKILLED ROUTINE GOOD GOOD BRITTLE GOOD LOW MODERAT E Parquet PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE BRITTLE GOOD MODERATE MODERAT E Hardwood PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE MODERATE DIFFICULT LOW? MODERATE * Engineered Wood SKILLED MODERATE POOR MODERATE MODERATE DIFFICULT MODERATE MODERAT E Carpet PRO HIGH POOR GOOD RESILIENT DIFFICULT LOW? MODERAT E Bamboo Cork
  32. 32. 11. Bamboo • A grass, not a hardwood • Installation requires skill • Periodic maintenance req’d • Water resistance is poor • Scratch resistance is good; Janka Scale • Repairability is difficult • Environmental impact is low? (depends...) • Cost starts at moderate - $4.00 sq ft and upwards • Where it grows/comes from • Manufacturing
  33. 33. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum SKILLED ROUTINE MODERATE MODERATE RESILIENT MODERATE LOW MODERAT E Laminate DIY ROUTINE POOR MODERATE SOME DIFFICULT MODERATE LOW Ceramic Tile SKILLED ROUTINE GOOD GOOD BRITTLE GOOD LOW MODERAT E Parquet PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE BRITTLE GOOD MODERATE MODERAT E Hardwood PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE MODERATE DIFFICULT LOW? MODERATE * Engineered Wood SKILLED MODERATE POOR MODERATE MODERATE DIFFICULT MODERATE MODERAT E Carpet PRO HIGH POOR GOOD RESILIENT DIFFICULT LOW? MODERAT E Bamboo SKILLED MODERATE POOR GOOD MODERATE DIFFICULT LOW? MODERAT E Cork
  34. 34. 12. Cork • Cork Oak (Quercus Suber) • Installation requires skill • Periodic maintenance req’d • Water resistance is poor • Scratch resistance is poor; soft & resilient • Repairability is good to mod. • Environmental impact is low (depends...) • Cost starts at moderate - $4.00 sq ft and upwards • Where it grows/comes from • Tiles vs engineered planks
  35. 35. Flooring Comparison Table Ease of Installation Upkeep Required Water Resistance Scratch Resistance Resiliency Repairability Environmental Impact Cost Luxury Vinyl Plank & Tile DIY ROUTINE GOOD POOR RESILIENT MODERATE HIGH MODERAT E Vinyl Tile SKILLED MODERATE MODERATE MODERATE SOME GOOD HIGH LOW Sheet Vinyl DIY ROUTINE GOOD MODERATE RESILIENT DIFFICULT HIGH LOW Linoleum SKILLED ROUTINE MODERATE MODERATE RESILIENT MODERATE LOW MODERAT E Laminate DIY ROUTINE POOR MODERATE SOME DIFFICULT MODERATE LOW Ceramic Tile SKILLED ROUTINE GOOD GOOD BRITTLE GOOD LOW MODERAT E Parquet PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE BRITTLE GOOD MODERATE MODERAT E Hardwood PRO MODERATE POOR MODERATE MODERATE DIFFICULT LOW? MODERATE * Engineered Wood SKILLED MODERATE POOR MODERATE MODERATE DIFFICULT MODERATE MODERAT E Carpet PRO HIGH POOR GOOD RESILIENT DIFFICULT LOW? MODERAT E Bamboo SKILLED MODERATE POOR GOOD MODERATE DIFFICULT LOW? MODERAT E Cork SKILLED HIGH POOR POOR RESILIENT MODERATE ? LOW MODERAT E
  36. 36. On behalf of the CoAction Board of Directors, thank you for supporting CoAction workshops. Please make sure you have signed up to receive our regular newsletters by email. Please consider becoming a member of CoAction. Many co-ops pay the annual dues of members. All you have to do is ask your Board of Directors and they usually say YES. Please let us know your thoughts about this workshop and any other topics you would like to see addressed. CoAction’s objectives are for education, networking and advocacy of our members. Please visit our website http://coactionsa.ca for resources. Contact kent@coactionsa.ca

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