U.S. did not address hazardous waste issues until 1980’s.safe disposal is expensive companies dumped it illegally to save $$$.
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980Commonly referred to as the Superfund Act.
GOAL: Nationwide programaddressing serious threats from hazardous wastes. Made polluters pay for cleanup.
Superfund gave EPA the right to: to Sue responsible parties for the release or potentialrelease of hazardous wastes and make them clean up or pay for clean up of the site.
Potential Responsible Parties: Current and former site owners Operators of the site Anyone who disposed of or produced waste found at the site
Superfund Trust Fund –financed by taxes on Chemical and petroleum industries What happens when no responsible party can be identified?Clean-up costs are taken from 8.5 billion Superfund Trust Fund.
The Story of the Love Canal in Niagara Falls, NY HookerChemical Co., City of Niagara Falls & U.S. Army dumped toxic chemicals into abandoned canals. Schools and homes were built over the dumpsite.
Love Canal Story Continued: 1976heavy rains caused chemicals to leak, rise to surface and seep into basements. 1978– 1980, federal emergency declared – 950 homes evacuated
Love Canal Story Continued: Dumpsite covered with a clay or synthetic cap and special drainage system Hooker Chemical Co reimbursed EPA Superfund $128 million; U.S. Army $8 million