Present perfecttense

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Present perfecttense

  1. 1. El presenteEl presente perfectoperfecto The Present Perfect TenseThe Present Perfect Tense
  2. 2. ¿Qué es el presente perfecto?¿Qué es el presente perfecto? What is the Present Perfect?What is the Present Perfect? This tense is the equivalent of saying inThis tense is the equivalent of saying in English: “have....(done)” It is formedEnglish: “have....(done)” It is formed by combining a helping verb (“have”by combining a helping verb (“have” or “has”) with the past participle.or “has”) with the past participle.
  3. 3. Por ejemplo, en inglPor ejemplo, en inglésés……  II have playedhave played tennis.tennis.  SheShe has sunghas sung at weddings.at weddings.  WeWe have flownhave flown in a plane.in a plane.
  4. 4. Formation of the Present PerfectFormation of the Present Perfect It is formed by combining the present tense ofIt is formed by combining the present tense of the verbthe verb haberhaber (the helping verb)(the helping verb) with a pastwith a past participle.participle. For example:For example: YoYo he bailadohe bailado.. I have danced.I have danced. Nosotros noNosotros no hemos estudiadohemos estudiado para el examen.para el examen. We haven’t studied for the test.We haven’t studied for the test.
  5. 5. The present tense of theThe present tense of the helping verb:helping verb: haberhaber hehe hemoshemos hashas habéishabéis haha hanhan
  6. 6. Formation of the PastFormation of the Past Participle…Participle… For –For –arar verbs, take the stem of the verbverbs, take the stem of the verb and addand add ––adoado comprar →comprar → compradocomprado ForFor –er–er andand –ir–ir verbs, take the stem of the verbverbs, take the stem of the verb and addand add –ido–ido tener →tener → tenidotenido
  7. 7. -Ar Verb Formation…-Ar Verb Formation… Here are the present perfect forms ofHere are the present perfect forms of estudiar:estudiar: he estudiadohe estudiado hemos estudiadohemos estudiado has estudiadohas estudiado habéis estudiadohabéis estudiado ha estudiadoha estudiado han estudiadohan estudiado
  8. 8. -Er/-Ir Verb Formation…-Er/-Ir Verb Formation… Here are the present perfect forms ofHere are the present perfect forms of comer:comer: he comidohe comido hemos comidohemos comido has comidohas comido habéis comidohabéis comido ha comidoha comido han comidohan comido
  9. 9. IrregularsIrregulars The following verbs have irregular past participlesThe following verbs have irregular past participles ending inending in –to:–to: returnedvolver - vuelto seenver -- visto brokenromper - roto put/placedponer -- puesto diedmorir -- muerto writtenescribir -- escrito discovereddescubrir -- descubierto coveredcubrir -- cubierto openedabrir -- abierto
  10. 10. More irregularsMore irregulars These verbs have irregular past participlesThese verbs have irregular past participles ending inending in –cho:–cho: decir →decir → dichodicho hacer →hacer → hechohecho
  11. 11. ¡Practicamos!¡Practicamos! See if you can form the correct present perfect usingSee if you can form the correct present perfect using the subject and verb given.the subject and verb given. Modelo: yo / decidir →Modelo: yo / decidir → He decididoHe decidido 1.1. ella / abrirella / abrir Ha abiertoHa abierto 2.2. Marta y yo / tocarMarta y yo / tocar Hemos tocadoHemos tocado 3.3. Gonzalo / crecerGonzalo / crecer Ha crecidoHa crecido
  12. 12. MMás práctica…ás práctica… 4.4. Tú y tus amigos / reírTú y tus amigos / reír Han reídoHan reído óó habéis reídohabéis reído 5.5. Mis padres / hacerMis padres / hacer Han hechoHan hecho 6.6. Tus abuelos / cubrirTus abuelos / cubrir Han cubiertoHan cubierto 7.7. Rogelio y Ramón / escribirRogelio y Ramón / escribir Han escritoHan escrito

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