Familiar commands

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Familiar commands

  1. 1. Familiar (tú) Commands
  2. 2. These are commands addressed to a person that: you know well, call by their first name, is a family member or a younger person. For regular verbs: 1. Take the él/ella form of the verb from the Present Tense. These will end "a" for -ar verbs and "e" for -er/-ir verbs.   ¡Habla! (Speak!), ¡Come! (Eat!), ¡Escribe! (Write!)
  3. 3. Irregulars..... These are all short, little words: hacer haz ¡Haz las tareas! tener ten ¡Ten paciencia! venir ven ¡Ven acá! poner pon ¡Pon el dinero en el banco! salir sal ¡Sal de allí! decir di ¡Díme la verdad! ir(se) ve(te) ¡Ve(te) de aquí! ser sé ¡Sé esto!
  4. 4. Object and reflexive pronouns are attached to the end of an affirmative command. ¡Cómpra un periódico! Buy a newspaper! ¡Cómpralo! Buy it! ¡Lávate las manos! Wash your hands! ¡Manda un paquete a tus amigos! Send your friends a package! ¡Mándales un paquete! Send them a package! ¡Da el juguete a tu hermanita! Give the toy to your little sister! ¡Dáselo! Give it to her!
  5. 5. Negative, Familiar (tú) Commands Follow these steps: 1. Take the “yo” form of the verb from the Present Tense Indicative. 2. Drop the “o” (if there is no “o” then the verb is irregular) 3. Add the following endings: -ar verbs: “es” -er/ir verbs: “as”
  6. 6. Examples ¡No hables! Don’t speak! ¡No escribas con lápiz! Don’t write with pencil! ¡No hagas ruido! Don’t make noise! ¡No tengas miedo! Don’t be afraid!
  7. 7. Irregulars.... Irregular forms all use the tú form of the Present Tense Subjunctive. dar ¡no des...! Don’t give! estar ¡no estés...! Don’t be...! ir ¡no vayas...! Don’t go....! ser ¡no seas...! Don’t be...! saber ¡no sepas...! Don’t know...!
  8. 8. Spelling Changes.... The same spelling changes apply for verbs ending in: –car, -gar, and -zar. c  qu ¡No saques fotos! Don’t take photo!. g  gu ¡No lo tragues! Don’t swallow it! z  c ¡No empieces...! Don’t start...!
  9. 9. Object and reflexive pronouns are placed separately, before a negative command. ¡No lo compres! Don’t buy it! ¡No te laves las manos! Don’t wash your hands! ¡No les mandes un paquete! Don’t send them a package! ¡No des el juguete a tu hermanita! Don’t give the toy to your little sister! ¡No se lo des! Don’t give it to her!
  10. 10. Negative Examples.... ¡No lo compres! Don’t buy it! ¡No te laves las manos ahora! Don’t wash your hands now! ¡No les mándes el paquete! Don’t send them(you) the package. ¡No se lo des! Don’t give it to her(him/you)!

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