Texas History Unit 9 Cattle Kingdoms and Cowboys
The  Cattle Trail , 1905  courtesy, Library of Congress.
Spanish Beginnings <ul><li>1500s:  Spanish had ranches firmly established in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>1700s:  Cattle moved...
Spanish Beginnings <ul><li>First Texas Ranchers : Tejanos who brought knowledge of ranching from Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
 
The Texas Longhorns <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thrived on native grasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could en...
The Texas Longhorns <ul><li>Texas cattle grew during the Civil War because  Union blockades made it difficult to move catt...
Driving Cattle to Market · After the  Civil War , growing cities in the  East  increased their demand for  beef . · Texas ...
Texas Cattle Trails
The Cowhand’s Life Cowhand  – responsible for  driving  the  cattle  north to the railroads
<ul><li>Cowhands learned their trade from Spanish  vaqueros . </li></ul>
Cowhand’s Gear chaps kept rider’s legs safe lariat (leather rope) used to lasso runaway cattle Wide-brimmed hat provided p...
· Cowhands had to worry about  stampedes , cattle  thieves , and the dry,  hot  weather.
·  Cow  towns  developed near the  railroads , offering cowhands hotels, saloons, and restaurants. Abilene, Kansas (late 1...
Dodge City, Kansas, 1874 &quot;Kansas has but one Dodge City, with a broad expanse of territory sufficiently vast for an e...
Cattle Boom · Cattle roamed free on the  plains . Cowboys at the end of an 1897 roundup in Ward County, Texas, pose with t...
The spread of farming, as well as  harsh  weather,  destroyed  the cattle boom by 1887. Hundreds of miles of barbed wire w...
Cattle Kingdom  Ranches, Rangers, & Cowboys
Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>Cattle Kingdom —ranches on the open range from Texas to Canada </li></ul>
Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>King Ranch —very important South Texas ranch </li></ul>King Ranch is located in Kennedy Co...
Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>More than one million acres at one time </li></ul><ul><li>Presently 825,000 acres </li></u...
Ranches in the Panhandle <ul><li>Removal of Indians opened up Panhandle to ranching </li></ul><ul><li>Grass & flat open la...
Ranches in the Panhandle <ul><li>Farming in the Panhandle expanded after the appearance of  windmills. </li></ul>Windmill
Cowboy Culture <ul><li>Myth:  cowboys lived fearless, happy, & worry free lives roaming through rugged but gorgeous landsc...
<ul><li>Once railroads ran throughout Texas, the cattle drives became unnecessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Ranchers could now sh...
Barbed Wire Closed the Open Range and helped “fence in” Cowboys
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cattle cowboys and railroads

2,974 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business
  • Be the first to comment

Cattle cowboys and railroads

  1. 1. Texas History Unit 9 Cattle Kingdoms and Cowboys
  2. 2. The Cattle Trail , 1905 courtesy, Library of Congress.
  3. 3. Spanish Beginnings <ul><li>1500s: Spanish had ranches firmly established in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>1700s: Cattle moved northward to support missions in Rio Grande & San Antonio River Valleys </li></ul><ul><li>Good climate & water supply </li></ul>
  4. 4. Spanish Beginnings <ul><li>First Texas Ranchers : Tejanos who brought knowledge of ranching from Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Brands —marks that made it possible to determine who owned Texas cattle </li></ul>
  5. 7. The Texas Longhorns <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thrived on native grasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could endure hot/cold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could eat prickly pear cactus and survive on little water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistant to Texas Fever </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. The Texas Longhorns <ul><li>Texas cattle grew during the Civil War because Union blockades made it difficult to move cattle out of state </li></ul>
  7. 9. Driving Cattle to Market · After the Civil War , growing cities in the East increased their demand for beef . · Texas ranchers began to drive herds of longhorns hundreds of miles north to the railroads running across the country, where they were sent to Chicago to be processed. The meat was then sent out on refrigerated (ICE) trains.
  8. 10. Texas Cattle Trails
  9. 11. The Cowhand’s Life Cowhand – responsible for driving the cattle north to the railroads
  10. 12. <ul><li>Cowhands learned their trade from Spanish vaqueros . </li></ul>
  11. 13. Cowhand’s Gear chaps kept rider’s legs safe lariat (leather rope) used to lasso runaway cattle Wide-brimmed hat provided protection from the sun
  12. 14. · Cowhands had to worry about stampedes , cattle thieves , and the dry, hot weather.
  13. 15. · Cow towns developed near the railroads , offering cowhands hotels, saloons, and restaurants. Abilene, Kansas (late 1800’s)
  14. 16. Dodge City, Kansas, 1874 &quot;Kansas has but one Dodge City, with a broad expanse of territory sufficiently vast for an empire; we have only room for one Dodge City; Dodge, a synonym for all that is wild, reckless, and violent; Hell on the Plains.&quot; -- A Kansas Newspaper in the 1870's
  15. 17. Cattle Boom · Cattle roamed free on the plains . Cowboys at the end of an 1897 roundup in Ward County, Texas, pose with their herd of almost 2,000 cattle.
  16. 18. The spread of farming, as well as harsh weather, destroyed the cattle boom by 1887. Hundreds of miles of barbed wire were strung across the state in the 1880s, forever changing the character of the frontier and bringing a measure of management to the cattle industry.
  17. 19. Cattle Kingdom Ranches, Rangers, & Cowboys
  18. 20. Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>Cattle Kingdom —ranches on the open range from Texas to Canada </li></ul>
  19. 21. Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>King Ranch —very important South Texas ranch </li></ul>King Ranch is located in Kennedy County
  20. 22. Ranching in South Texas <ul><li>More than one million acres at one time </li></ul><ul><li>Presently 825,000 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Larger than state of Rhode Island </li></ul>
  21. 23. Ranches in the Panhandle <ul><li>Removal of Indians opened up Panhandle to ranching </li></ul><ul><li>Grass & flat open land good for cattle ranching </li></ul><ul><li>Ogallala Aquifer provided water </li></ul>
  22. 24. Ranches in the Panhandle <ul><li>Farming in the Panhandle expanded after the appearance of windmills. </li></ul>Windmill
  23. 25. Cowboy Culture <ul><li>Myth: cowboys lived fearless, happy, & worry free lives roaming through rugged but gorgeous landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: faced many dangers, worked long hours, and received little pay </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>Once railroads ran throughout Texas, the cattle drives became unnecessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Ranchers could now ship their product directly from Texas towns and cities </li></ul>
  25. 27. Barbed Wire Closed the Open Range and helped “fence in” Cowboys

×