Lifetime Fitness: Ch 1

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Wellness Concepts and Applications, 8th Edition

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Lifetime Fitness: Ch 1

  1. 1. WELLNESS - A LIFETIME APPROACH Chapter 1
  2. 2. Objectives Define wellness and factors that influence attaining it List seven areas which comprise the holistic view of wellness List and define six steps to changing behavior and name the model
  3. 3. An active process through which people become aware of, and make choices towards, a more successful existence. It is a process – not a goal It implies choice, a way of life It suggests what you believe, feel and do have an influence on your health Wellness Defined
  4. 4. Components of Wellness
  5. 5. Spiritual—Belief in a source of value that transcends the boundaries of self, but also nurtures the self; provides meaning and direction Social—The ability to interact successfully with people and with one’s personal environment Physical—The ability to carry out daily tasks, develop cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, maintain adequate nutrition and a healthy body fat level, and avoid abusing drugs and alcohol Environmental—The ability to promote health measures that improve the standard of living and quality of life in the community Occupational—The ability to achieve a balance between work and leisure
  6. 6. Emotional—The ability to control stress and to express emotions appropriately and comfortably Intellectual—The ability to learn and use information effectively for personal, family, and career development Intellectual wellness implies: •Overcoming the health-behavior gap •Possessing an internal locus of control •Having a strong sense of self-efficacy
  7. 7. Lifestyle diseases—The most serious health problem in today’s society Chronic diseases include heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and hypertension Accidents, homicides, and suicides are leading killers among 15- to 24-year-olds The Wellness Challenge
  8. 8. Despite bioterrorism and the global spread of new viruses: The real threats to human life involve: • Diet •Physical activity • Personal health habits
  9. 9. The risk factor most strongly associated with preventable death and chronic disease Diet and physical inactivity Next highest risk factor for smokers Highest risk factor for nonsmokers Smoking
  10. 10. Physical activity - Vigorous activity in adolescents and moderate physical activity in adults Overweight and obesity – Maintaining of proper weight for adolescents and adults Tobacco use – Stopping or not starting smoking by adolescents and adults Substance abuse – Refraining from alcohol and illicit drugs use by adolescents and adults Responsible sexual behavior – Responsible sexual behavior Healthy People 2010- Govt Report Leading Health Indicators (LHIs)
  11. 11. Mental health – Treatment for those with recognized depression Injury and violence – Reduce deaths from motor vehicle crashes and homicides Environmental quality – Ozone pollution exposure/ tobacco smoke Immunization - Children and high risk adults Access to health care – Person have insurance and prenatal care LHIs Continued
  12. 12. Health behavior is learned, and can be changed Forces that shape behavior •Family, role models, and social norms •Advertising •Psychological needs •Reactance motivation Achieving Lifestyle Change
  13. 13. A SELF-HELP APPROACH assumes that individuals can manage their lifestyle change and learn to control environmental factors that are detrimental to health Any approach requires time and planning You Are Responsible
  14. 14. TRANSTHEORETICAL MODEL OF BEHAVIOR CHANGE
  15. 15. Precontemplation stage No behavior change is planned Person may be unaware of need for change or feels he or she can’t change Contemplation stage Aware of problem behaviors Not willing to commit effort to change at this time
  16. 16. Preparation stage—Planning to take action Assess current behavior Set Goals S.M.A. R.T. - specific, measurable, accurate, realistic, and trackable Realize that change is permanent
  17. 17. Action stage —Overt changes are made in behavior, experiences, or environment Rewards and incentives are important elements Strategies for change: Countering is one of most powerful strategies Changing the environment • avoidance; the elimination of associated circumstances Contracting with oneself
  18. 18. Maintenance stage — Goal is to retain the gains and prevent relapse Termination stage —The point at which problem behavior is no longer tempting
  19. 19. Review: Six Stages of Change Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance Termination
  20. 20. Nice Pecs! P atience E ffort C onsistency S upport

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