The 'trinacria' of Sicily represents the fertility of the island and the three legs the extreme points of Sicily: Punta del Faro in the province of Messina Capo Passero near Siracusa Capo Lille west of Marsala
Trinacria in Ancient Greek (triskèles) means 'three promontories‘ or “shape of a trident.” It features a Gorgon's with a hair-do of snakes holding ears of wheat. According to Greek legend the Gorgon was a terrible creature made up, in part, of three daughters of the gods of the sea. The creature also possessed bronze hands, gold wings and wild boar's tusks. It lived at the ends of the earth (Sicily and the Isle of Man?) and could petrify a man with its glance, being also part Medusa. The symbol of a man's leg bent at the knee was popular with Spartan warriors and represented power or force.
It was only in February 2000 that the 'trinacria' was approved for the Sicilian flag. Flag of Sicily
Because of its strategic location, Sicily was invaded over the centuries by many armies. Evidence of human settlements, 10,000 BC Its original inhabitants were the Sicans (or Sicels), 8C BC Invaders and rulers: Phoenicians, Greeks 8 – 4C BC Carthaginians, 4C BC Romans, 3C BC - 5C AD Byzantines, 7C AD Arabs, 9C AD Normans, 11C AD Swabians, Angevins, Aragonese, Bourbons, 12C – 19C (Sicilian Vespers – 1282, revolt against the Angevins) 1860 – Garibaldi lands, leads attack against the Bourbons, Italy unified. Allied invasion 1943 Sicilia: Timeline of Invasions
Arabs introduced terracing and irrigation for farming; plus rice, cotton, sugar cane, pistachios, pomegranates, apricots, peaches, citrus, indigo, early forms of ice cream; roses and jasmine for perfume; mulberry trees for silk-worms, and goldsmithing . Jasmine
Palermo, via della Libert à , Aquila, il stemma di Palermo, durante il Periodo Medeovale
Duomo, Palermo, 1184, Norman, founded on site of Muslim mosque. Competed with Monreale Duomo for grandeur: “Battle of Two Cathedrals”
Reggio Calabria, Tempio di Apollo, Secolo VI a.C.
View of Sicily (Messina from Ferry to Reggio Calabria)
Port of Messina, Madonna della Lettura, (20’ high) patron saint of sailors and ports.
Madonna of the Letter "Vos et ipsam civitatem benedicimus," "We bless you and your city." According to popular legend, the Virgin Mary presented a letter to Messina residents who visited her in Palestine in 42 AD, congratulating the city on their Christian conversion. The letter is said to be in safe keeping inside one of Messina's churches, and “… promising to you, and all your posterity, to assist you in the presence of My Son." Madonna della Lettura was unveiled in 1934 when Pope Pius XI who, using a remote control device created by Gugliemo Marconi, illuminated the statue from the Vatican City.