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Web-GIS-based Conservation Tools for First Nations' Stewardship


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Presentation by Dr Charles Burnett at the 2016 Society for Conservation GIS Conference in Monterey CA USA.

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Web-GIS-based Conservation Tools for First Nations' Stewardship

  1. 1. Web-GIS-based Conservation Tools for First Nations’ Stewardship Charles Burnett1,2, Vern Brown3, David Schmidt4 & Erin Latham1,4 1. University of Victoria, Geography 2. GeoMemes Research Inc / 3. Kitasoo / Xai’xais Nation 4. Gwa'sala-'Nakwaxda'xw Nations Society for Conservation GIS 2016 Annual Conference, June 22-25, 2016, Asilomar Conference Center, Monterey CA
  2. 2. photos: burnettGitga’at boardwalk Kitasoo / Xai’xais Big House Background 1: BC First Nations 2
  3. 3. photo: Spirit Bear Research FoundationUrsus americanus kermodei Background 2: Great Bear Rainforest 4
  4. 4. photo: ‘Pipeline Through Paradise’ 2011, National Geographic Background 2: Great Bear Sea 3
  5. 5. photo: burnettGwa'sala-'Nakwaxda'xw Resources office Background 3: Growing Offices 5
  6. 6. MaPP Portal6
  7. 7. "We're looking at science in a new way. We take traditional ecological knowledge and local knowledge and merge that with the best available western science." - Douglas Neasloss, Stewardship Director, Kitasoo Xai'xais Integrated Resource Authority Ecosystem-Based Management photos: burnett, Spirit Bear Research Foundation7
  8. 8. From Planning to Operations Band Councillor: “Per-project, I need an engagement report with a summary, map analysis, and email and files lists.” School Teacher: “I need access to the maps and multimedia files to teach our culture.” Fisheries Officer: “I need a mobile tool to record environmental data.” IRC Staffer: “I need a better way to track emails & files. I hate data entry!” Heritage Manager: “I need a better way of doing interviews and for digitizing our TLU/TEK data.” GIS Technician: “I’m swamped making dozens of small maps.” photo: burnett8
  9. 9. Information System Use Examples 1. What is the potential impact of a proposed heli log- drop permit? [Crown referral] 2. What is a good location for a kayaking tourism company day anchoring site? [Economic / Conservation partnership] 3. What records do we have in our cultural database for “roe on kelp” for a report to support a legal case. Where do these records point to? [Legal research] 4. How can we mobilize our cultural data for our staff training and schools? [Education] 5. How to we get our field data into the decision- support flow? [Data management] 10
  10. 10. Operational Requirements How could we operationalize EBM in these different uses? 1. Consultation tracking & analysis 2. Conservation / Economic development 3. Legal briefs research 4. Education & training 5. Ecosystem field data management And with what geo-tools? 9
  11. 11. Other Tool Requirements • Private • Securely accessible in- community and out • Access by non-technicians • Efficiencies, – e.g. Email/files harvesting • Map driven • Workgroup friendly – e.g. shared contacts database • Files access & Search • Desktop GIS links… • +30 more needs... photo: burnett11
  12. 12. Solutions? Software As A Service e.g. SeaSketch e.g. Consultation Tracker Desktop Tool Chain e.g. MS Access, Excel + desktop GIS Software as a Self-Service e.g. ESRI ArcGIS API, JScript + coding e.g. Open source frameworks, libraries + coding 12
  13. 13. NAS for Backups 192.168.XX.ZZ Application Server 192.168.XX.YY Projects App 192.168.XX.PP - Project records - Files Heritage App 192.168.XX.HH - Heritage records - Files Virtual Machine 1 Virtual Machine 2 Virtual Machine 3 Samba 192.168.XX.SS - Files sharing ODK Aggregate 192.168.XX.KK/o dk - Mobile forms “S” Stewardship - Mapped drive on PCs “H” Heritage - Mapped drive on PCs ODK Collect - Android App Physical Filing Cabinet Tabletor Phone PHP/Drupal Web App System Schematic Encrypted Offsite Backups Virtual Machine 4 Desktop GIS & Plotter 13
  14. 14. Login to Drupal (Cedar 7) 14
  15. 15. Track an Application 15
  16. 16. Spatial Report (List) 16
  17. 17. Spatial Report (Map) 17
  18. 18. Application Discussion Evan: first analysis Doug: recommendation 18
  19. 19. Application Workflow 19
  20. 20. LiveLink (Drupal/PostGIS ->* Desktop GIS) *note the direction of the arrow – desktop GIS ‘read only’ for now 20
  21. 21. Highlights of Web-Based Tools Tracking • Easy projects logging • Email harvesting • Files harvesting • Workflow • Encourages good Documents Management • Fits with signed BC/FN engagement frameworks • Easy to upload Protocol Agreements (e.g. terms of use, conservation covenants) Analysis • 1-click map reports • Easy Shapefile (other) upload • Drill down into planning, culture and ecosystem layers • Quickly and accurately find out what is near a potential project footprint: – Reserves – Salmon streams – Other ecological data – Other cultural data 21
  22. 22. Schema and code availability? Cedar 7 (PHP/Drupal) • Try the demo at • Read about challenges & solutions • Code is freely available – Contact – E.g. mail harvest – E.g. spatial reports • Let’s share! Cedar 8 (Python/Django) • Under very active development • Already in use: – Haida (Heritage App) – Gwa'sala-'Nakwaxda'xw Nations (Development App - July roll out) • Under development: mobile field forms, documents search 22
  23. 23. Django/Python Geo Web App Talk to me after the session for a walk through... 23
  24. 24. Thank-you Stewardship staff in: Metlakatla Nation, Gitga’at Nation, Nuxalk Nation, Wuikinuxv Nation, Kitsumkalum Nation, Haisla Nation, Haida Nation Council, Heiltsuk Nation, Kitasoo/Xai’xais Nation, Gwa'sala-'Nakwaxda'xw Nations Dan Cardinall, Coastal First Nations - Aaron Heidt, Central Coast Indigenous Resource Alliance - Rosie Child, Spirit Bear Research Foundation - Greg Sebastian & Adam Valair, GeoMemes Research Inc – photo: burnett A week of wildlife Spirit Bear Research Foundation
  25. 25. Addendum: Geomark Machine to machine ‘project locations’ spatial data transfer, location stripped of metadata gm-abcdefghijklmnopqrstuv0bcislands 25