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Persuasive Writing 8 th  Grade
Read each of the paragraphs and answer the questions that follow. <ul><li>Argument #1:  Every Vote Counts </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Argument #2:  Cat Suffering must Cease </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of cats live in the United States.  Many are pur...
Persuasive Preview: <ul><li>1.Which argument is more convincing? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>2. List some techniques used in th...
Purpose of  Persuasive Writing <ul><li>To shape the reader’s attitude about a topic they know little about, or have not gi...
Persuasive   Strategies <ul><li>Focus on benefits for readers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The writer must explain to readers how...
Surveys in Persuasive Writing  <ul><li>Using a self-conducted survey of your peers affected by the issue will help you gat...
Reflect on your results: <ul><li>In fractions: </li></ul><ul><li>7/10 students replied “yes” to question #1 </li></ul><ul>...
Reflections Continued… <ul><li>Discuss what you learned from your results. </li></ul><ul><li>List 3-5 pieces of informatio...
(Sample) Introduction Paragraph <ul><li>The average teenager needs about nine house of sleep each night. In a national sur...
Evaluating Your Introduction <ul><li>Read through your introduction and answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>...
Check the arrangement of your reasons before you begin to draft your persuasive essay: <ul><li>Begin with one of your stro...
(Sample) Conclusion Paragraph <ul><li>By making Matthews Middle School’s start time later, there would be less tardies, te...
Example Prompt: <ul><li>ASSIGNMENT  Most schools have some form of dress code. In fact, many students already attend schoo...
 
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Persuasive writing ppt

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Persuasive writing ppt

  1. 1. Persuasive Writing 8 th Grade
  2. 2. Read each of the paragraphs and answer the questions that follow. <ul><li>Argument #1: Every Vote Counts </li></ul><ul><li>Americans live in a democracy. That means we have the right to vote for our leaders. When Americans turn eighteen, they are legally able to vote. There are elections for mayor, city council, congress, senator and many more positions. </li></ul><ul><li>The right to vote is something that not all citizens take seriously. Some believe that their vote doesn’t make a difference. Others think that everyone else votes, so why should they? Some people believe politicians are ineffective and that their actions won’t make a difference in their lives. However, others take voting very seriously. Groups who only gained the right to vote more recently, like women, African Americans, and new citizens, often vote in higher percentages than other groups. They don’t take their right to vote for granted since they were unable to vote for hundreds of years in America. Of course, everyone should vote. There have been many elections, including the presidential election in 2000, where the winner was determined by just a few votes. One of the most patriotic things you can do is vote. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Argument #2: Cat Suffering must Cease </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of cats live in the United States. Many are purchased or adopted and brought into wonderful homes. Unfortunately, some people who own cats later decide they don’t want their pets and abandon them. Other times cats get outside accidentally and become lost. Without their homes or owners to feed and protect them, they wander the streets looking for food and shelter. They can contract serious diseases. Cars hit some and larger animals kill others. It’s a very sad situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Even worse, if these homeless cats have not been spayed or neutered, the females will become pregnant. The Feral Cat Coalition reports that the number of homeless cats that can result from one male and one female pair is stunning. If each pair of cats averages 2.8 surviving kittens, one pair and their offspring will produce 66,088 kittens in only six years. After 11 years, that number grows to 11, 506, 077! There are not nearly enough homes for all of these cats. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Persuasive Preview: <ul><li>1.Which argument is more convincing? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>2. List some techniques used in these paragraphs that help to convince the reader to agree with the writer </li></ul><ul><li>(at least 2). </li></ul><ul><li>3. What are some synonyms for persuade? </li></ul><ul><li>4. What are elements of STRONG persuasive writing? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Purpose of Persuasive Writing <ul><li>To shape the reader’s attitude about a topic they know little about, or have not given serious thought to. </li></ul><ul><li>To strengthen the reader’s existing attitude about the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>To reverse the reader’s existing attitude. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Persuasive Strategies <ul><li>Focus on benefits for readers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The writer must explain to readers how they will benefit from performing the action, taking the position, or purchasing the recommended item. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Address reader’s concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The writer should predict what the readers’ response will be and then try to counteract any of these negative thoughts with facts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Show supportive reasoning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The writer needs to persuade readers that the decisions or actions recommended will actually bring about benefits. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present reliable evidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The writer should research (when possible) to support their opinions with reliable facts. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Surveys in Persuasive Writing <ul><li>Using a self-conducted survey of your peers affected by the issue will help you gather statistics, percentages, and quotes to use in your essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment: write 3 yes/no questions related to your issue </li></ul><ul><li>Survey at least 20 students </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reflect on your results: <ul><li>In fractions: </li></ul><ul><li>7/10 students replied “yes” to question #1 </li></ul><ul><li>3/10 students replied “no” to question #2 </li></ul><ul><li>4/10 students replied “yes” to question #3 </li></ul><ul><li>In percentages: </li></ul><ul><li>70% of students surveyed agree that uniforms should be worn in schools. </li></ul><ul><li>30% of students do not think uniforms would increase student achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>40% of students do think that uniforms would make students feel more accepted by peers. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reflections Continued… <ul><li>Discuss what you learned from your results. </li></ul><ul><li>List 3-5 pieces of information you could use in your essay to SUPPORT your topic (percentages, fractions, quotes…) </li></ul>
  10. 10. (Sample) Introduction Paragraph <ul><li>The average teenager needs about nine house of sleep each night. In a national survey, 60% of kids under eighteen complained that they were tired during the day due to a lack of sleep. Students clearly need more sleep. Matthews Middle School’s start time is too early. Students would benefit greatly if the school day were to start later because there would be less tardies, test scores would improve, and students would be awake and ready to learn. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Evaluating Your Introduction <ul><li>Read through your introduction and answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Do I catch the reader’s attention and use some sort of introductory technique? </li></ul><ul><li>(Use one discussed in class; </li></ul><ul><li>NOT a question!) </li></ul><ul><li>Does my attention-getter lead into my topic? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I state/explain my topic/position clearly? (this should be done in your thesis) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Check the arrangement of your reasons before you begin to draft your persuasive essay: <ul><li>Begin with one of your stronger reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Put your weakest reason in the middle. </li></ul><ul><li>Finish with your strongest reason. </li></ul><ul><li>***Revise your introduction, if necessary!*** </li></ul>
  13. 13. (Sample) Conclusion Paragraph <ul><li>By making Matthews Middle School’s start time later, there would be less tardies, test scores would improve and students would be awake and ready to go through their day. By supporting the later start time you could be making a huge difference for the students and how they work. Let the kids get the sleep they need, to do their best during the school day! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Example Prompt: <ul><li>ASSIGNMENT Most schools have some form of dress code. In fact, many students already attend schools where uniforms are required. School officials believe that if all students dress the same, they will pay more attention to their studies and focus less attention on clothes and appearance. Write a PERSUASIVE composition stating whether you AGREE or DISAGREE that students should be required to wear uniforms to school. Give specific reasons to support your position. </li></ul><ul><li>DIRECTIONS Take a few minutes to plan your composition. Decide whether you agree or disagree that students be required to wear uniforms to school and then take ONE position EITHER FOR OR AGAINST the wearing of uniforms to school. Think of specific reasons and examples that support your opinion. Remember to develop each of your reasons. Organize your ideas carefully. Manage your time to allow for the writing of both an introduction and a conclusion. </li></ul><ul><li>After you have planned the composition, begin to write on the lined pages. Only what you write on these lined pages will be scored. Finally, proofread your finished composition to check for correct sentences, punctuation, and spelling. </li></ul>

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