Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

3 Worlds of Land Surveying

1,826 views

Published on

This seminar will bring to the attendee an understanding of how the surveying profession is in a state of flux. The instructor will show how the acceptance of the past will not be sufficient or meet the needs of the future. Suggestions will be made as to how the surveyor can change to meet the demands of the future. Students are expected to complete two technical exercises in Microsoft Excel and brief three legal cases using the links provided.

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

3 Worlds of Land Surveying

  1. 1. © THE THREE WORLDS OF SURVEYING TONY NETTLEMAN, Instructor www.cnettleman.net
  2. 2. IS SURVEYING A PROFESSION? This question has been asked often, from medieval times until today Under early English law there were only four recognized professions: • • • • Legal Medicine Theology Ferrymen WHY IS SURVEYING A PROFESSION?
  3. 3. THE THREE DISCIPLINES OF SURVEYING conflict WHICH AREA IS YOUR FAVORITE?
  4. 4. THE THREE DISCIPLINES: Traditional surveying is not about creating new boundaries, but retracing existing boundaries, then applying the proper legal principles Some believe that surveying is nothing more than a technical avocation Some of the most important skills in surveying include the ability to create and maintain business relationships
  5. 5. EARLY COMPUTATIONS • The early surveyors relied on printed tables of numbers for computations • “Latitude and departure” tables were used early on and when calculators were developed, the cosine and sine tables became the standard
  6. 6. CHARACTERISTICS OF RANDOM ERROR ARE…. • Small errors occur more frequently than large ones • Negative and positive errors occur with the same frequency (symmetry) • Very large errors do not occur – counted as blunders if they do
  7. 7. THE FIVE STAGES OF A BUSINESS’ LIFE CYCLE
  8. 8. WHAT METHOD OF BUSINESS DO YOU OPERATE UNDER? IT REALLY MATTERS!!
  9. 9. TYPES OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS 1. SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP: individual owner, complete managerial control 2. PARTNERSHIP: two or more owners share profit/loss 3. CORPORATION: legal entity created to conduct business 4. LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: hybrid of partnership and corporation 5. “Under the table moonlighting”
  10. 10. WHAT IS LAW •A rule of reason promulgated by authority and supported by sanctions •A prediction of what the courts will do •A striving by force towards justice
  11. 11. THE SURVEYOR’S ROLE IN LITIGATION IDENTIFY PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS AND DETERMINE IF A “COMPETENT” SURVEYOR BREACHED THOSE STANDARDS • Did the land surveyors involved in the suit follow standard procedures? • Did the land surveyors involved in the suit follow state law? • Did the land surveyors involved in the suit breach any ethical duties?
  12. 12. QUALIFYING AS AN EXPERT • The court serves as a “gate keeper” to determine which experts are, in fact, qualified to testify • Purpose of the “gate keeping” function is to ensure that testimony is based on objective, wellestablished, scientific knowledge • FRCP 702

×