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COPYRIGHT
LAWS
The first copyright
law was signed by
President George
Washington on
May 31, 1790
• Using someone else's work without obtaining
the copyright owner's permission.
What is copyright infringement?
• Copyright is a set of federal laws that grant
authors (or creators) the exclusive right to
benefit from their creations....
Copyright begins…
at the moment an author
puts his idea in
a tangible (anything other than an
idea) form.
• Tells who owns copyright
and date first published
• Location of copyright notice
• An author is protected…
copyright not...
• Reproduction (making copies)
• Adaptation (variations or modified)
• Distribution
• Public performance
• Public display
...
What can be copyrighted?
• 1. Original
• 2. Creative
• 3. Fixed (meaning it can be an idea in your
head)
• Photos
• Stories/books
• Illustrations/drawings
• Cartoons
• Advertisements
• Art work
• Computer programming
• Sound re...
• Ideas
• Facts
• Works whose copyright has expired which
then enter the public domain. Anything
created before 1923 can n...
Not protected:
Some original, creative works in a fixed form are
not protected under copyright. We can use them
without pe...
FAIR USE
Allows for the use of limited amounts of copyrighted works
for important
purposes like
1. News reporting
2. Comme...
Courts make their judgments on fair usage by answering a
set of questions, called the four fair use factors:
• 1. What is ...
•Teachers
Not too often and not too much of the work
•Students
Can include images, sounds and videos in projects
as long a...
PORTION
LIMITATIONS
Photographs or
Illustrations
• No more than five by the same photographer
without permission.
Music
• 10% up to 30 seconds (whichever is less) of a
song or musical presentation.
Video
(for integration into multimedia or video projects)
• 10% up to 3 minutes (whichever is less) of
copyrighted videota...
Video
(for viewing)
• Must be used in a classroom “dedicated to face-
to-face instruction.”
• Should be instructional, not...
Text Material
• Poem – less than 250 words
• Up to 250 words of a poem with > 2500 words
• One chart, picture, diagram, gr...
Text Material
• Teachers may make multiple copies for classroom
use
• Students may incorporate text into projects
• Only o...
• Images, sound and video may be downloaded for
student projects and teacher lessons
• Web to Web – NOT OK without permiss...
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Copyright Presentation

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Copyright Laws

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Copyright Presentation

  1. 1. COPYRIGHT LAWS
  2. 2. The first copyright law was signed by President George Washington on May 31, 1790
  3. 3. • Using someone else's work without obtaining the copyright owner's permission. What is copyright infringement?
  4. 4. • Copyright is a set of federal laws that grant authors (or creators) the exclusive right to benefit from their creations. Meaning--it protects them from others using their work. What is copyright?
  5. 5. Copyright begins… at the moment an author puts his idea in a tangible (anything other than an idea) form.
  6. 6. • Tells who owns copyright and date first published • Location of copyright notice • An author is protected… copyright notice or not! Copyright Notice
  7. 7. • Reproduction (making copies) • Adaptation (variations or modified) • Distribution • Public performance • Public display Rights protected by copyright
  8. 8. What can be copyrighted? • 1. Original • 2. Creative • 3. Fixed (meaning it can be an idea in your head)
  9. 9. • Photos • Stories/books • Illustrations/drawings • Cartoons • Advertisements • Art work • Computer programming • Sound recordings/music Copyright can protect:
  10. 10. • Ideas • Facts • Works whose copyright has expired which then enter the public domain. Anything created before 1923 can now be used because their copyright has expired. Copyright does not protect:
  11. 11. Not protected: Some original, creative works in a fixed form are not protected under copyright. We can use them without permission from the author. •Works created in the public domain •Expiration – 70 years after author’s death •Government documents
  12. 12. FAIR USE Allows for the use of limited amounts of copyrighted works for important purposes like 1. News reporting 2. Commentaries 3. Critiques 4. Education 5. Parody (making fun of something ex. Scary Movie)
  13. 13. Courts make their judgments on fair usage by answering a set of questions, called the four fair use factors: • 1. What is the character of the use? • 2. What is the nature of the work to be used? • 3. How much of the work will you use? • 4. What is the effect of the use on the potential market value (will it cause the creator to lose money from sales) of the original work.
  14. 14. •Teachers Not too often and not too much of the work •Students Can include images, sounds and videos in projects as long as it’s not too much of the work Teachers and students have special rights when in an educational setting
  15. 15. PORTION LIMITATIONS
  16. 16. Photographs or Illustrations • No more than five by the same photographer without permission.
  17. 17. Music • 10% up to 30 seconds (whichever is less) of a song or musical presentation.
  18. 18. Video (for integration into multimedia or video projects) • 10% up to 3 minutes (whichever is less) of copyrighted videotapes, DVDs, encyclopedias on CD-ROM, etc.
  19. 19. Video (for viewing) • Must be used in a classroom “dedicated to face- to-face instruction.” • Should be instructional, not for entertainment or reward
  20. 20. Text Material • Poem – less than 250 words • Up to 250 words of a poem with > 2500 words • One chart, picture, diagram, graph, cartoon or picture per book, newspaper, etc. • Articles, stories or essays less than 2,500 words • Two pages from a picture book with less than 2,500 words
  21. 21. Text Material • Teachers may make multiple copies for classroom use • Students may incorporate text into projects • Only one copy per student • Don’t create anthologies • “Consumables” such as workbooks may not be copied
  22. 22. • Images, sound and video may be downloaded for student projects and teacher lessons • Web to Web – NOT OK without permission • Links to resources can be posted Internet

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