New Zealand

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Information on New Zealand's history, climate, landforms, natural resources, government.

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New Zealand

  1. 1. New Zealand
  2. 2. Natural Features
  3. 3. Land <ul><li>North Island </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 major volcanic peaks – eruptions are common </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hills and coastal plains </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South Island </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountains - Southern Alps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thick forests, lakes, glaciers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal plain on eastern side </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Climate <ul><li>Mainly marine coast climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>very humid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of rain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern Alps – snow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Island has a more tropical climate </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Wildlife <ul><li>Endemic species </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kiwi – a flightless bird </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bats </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Resources <ul><li>Fertile land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than ½ of New Zealand is pastures & farms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Few mineral resources </li></ul>
  7. 7. History
  8. 8. 1 st Settlers <ul><li>First settlers came from other Pacific islands more than 1,200 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Came to be called the Maori </li></ul>
  9. 9. Maori <ul><li>They were fishers & hunters </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike Aborigines, they were also farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in small settlements </li></ul>
  10. 10. European Contact <ul><li>British sailor Captain James Cook explored New Zealand in 1769 </li></ul><ul><li>Large numbers of British settlers arrived in the early 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>When the British signed a treaty with the Maori in 1840, New Zealand became a British colony </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting continued between the Maori & the British </li></ul>
  11. 11. Independence <ul><li>New Zealand was granted independence in 1907 </li></ul><ul><li>Became part of the British Commonwealth of Nations </li></ul>
  12. 12. New Zealand Today
  13. 13. Government
  14. 14. Parliamentary Democracy <ul><li>Citizens elect members to represent them in a parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>British Monarch is the head of state </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister is the “leader” of the country </li></ul>
  15. 15. Culture
  16. 16. People <ul><li>Almost 80% are of British ancestry </li></ul><ul><li>The Maori make up only 10% </li></ul><ul><li>Asian and Pacific Islanders have been growing in numbers since the 1970’s </li></ul><ul><li>80% live in urban areas or cities </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of the population lives on North Island </li></ul>
  17. 17. Economy <ul><li>Rich, economically developed country </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture very important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dairy products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Has become more industrialized: factories – processed food, paper products, clothing </li></ul>
  18. 18. Religion <ul><li>Most New Zealanders are Christians </li></ul>
  19. 19. Interests <ul><li>Sports, especially rugby, are popular </li></ul><ul><li>Maori traditional culture remain important </li></ul>
  20. 20. Challenges <ul><li>Improving the economic and political status of the Maori </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues </li></ul>

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