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Jeffersonian
Era
Chapter 9
Jeffersonian Era
•Not a revolution as much
as a transition from elitism
of Federalists to "common
man" politics
– Andrew J...
12th Amendment
• electors will cast
separate ballot for
president and vice
president
• to prevent president
and vice presi...
Chesapeake Affair
• British
– pursued
– attacked
– boarded
• the American ship
looking for deserters
from the Royal Navy
L...
Embargo Act
• following British
firing on American
ship;
– Forbid trade with
Britain and France
– Hurt US economy
– Americ...
John Marshall & Supreme Court
• First great chief
justice of Supreme
Court
– Jefferson's cousin
– Strong Federalist
– Land...
Marshall's Landmark
Decisions
• Marbury vs. Madison
– **Supreme court can say what is constitutional or not
• Gibbons vs. ...
Louisiana Purchase
• 1800- Spain returns
Louisiana to France
– New Orleans - trade
• Jefferson --> Napoleon
$10 million (N...
Lewis & Clark
• Authorized by gov't to explore Louisiana
Territory
• May 1804- expedition left Missouri
• December 1805- r...
Sacajawea
Zebulun Pike
• Army officer leads 2 expeditions
1. 1805 Expedition
– Upper Mississippi River
2. 1806-7 Expedition
– Cross ...
Indians & Northwest
Territory
Indian
• land belongs to
everyone
• grow whatever
crops you need
• hunt only what you
need f...
Battle of Fallen Timbers
• Mad Anthony Wayne
– G. Washington appoints him in a campaign
to crush Indians
– Lewis, Clark, &...
Tecumseh and his Bro
• "the Prophet"
• message from
"Master of Universe"
– rejecting white
man's lifestyle
– must unite to...
Battle of Tippecanoe
• Harrison & Tecumseh meet in 1810
– Could reach no agreement
– War was inevitable
• While Tecumseh a...
AmHist Ch. 9- Jeffersonian Era
AmHist Ch. 9- Jeffersonian Era
AmHist Ch. 9- Jeffersonian Era
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AmHist Ch. 9- Jeffersonian Era

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AmHist Ch. 9- Jeffersonian Era

  1. 1. Jeffersonian Era Chapter 9
  2. 2. Jeffersonian Era •Not a revolution as much as a transition from elitism of Federalists to "common man" politics – Andrew Jackson of 1820s
  3. 3. 12th Amendment • electors will cast separate ballot for president and vice president • to prevent president and vice president being from opposing political parties
  4. 4. Chesapeake Affair • British – pursued – attacked – boarded • the American ship looking for deserters from the Royal Navy Lead to the Embargo Act
  5. 5. Embargo Act • following British firing on American ship; – Forbid trade with Britain and France – Hurt US economy – Americans upset because this hurt their businesses • New England merchants depended on overseas trade - Only lasted 2 years - Lead to division between North and South states
  6. 6. John Marshall & Supreme Court • First great chief justice of Supreme Court – Jefferson's cousin – Strong Federalist – Landmark decisions • 34 year career • 7 presidents
  7. 7. Marshall's Landmark Decisions • Marbury vs. Madison – **Supreme court can say what is constitutional or not • Gibbons vs. Ogden – **Protected the federal government's delegated powers (ie. regulate interstate commerce) – NY tried to monopolize use of its waterways to only one company; prevent all others to use it • McCulloch vs. Maryland – Maryland tries to tax the Baltimore branch of the National bank out of existence – **States could not interfere with National Bank that federal govt put into place
  8. 8. Louisiana Purchase • 1800- Spain returns Louisiana to France – New Orleans - trade • Jefferson --> Napoleon $10 million (New Orleans) – Napoleon --> Louisiana territory for $15 million • Jefferson nervous because constitution does not clearly allow gov't to purchase land – Senate approves – Purchase made US more than double in size • Boundaries??? Implied Powers = not stated in constitution but are implied by the powers expressly stated
  9. 9. Lewis & Clark • Authorized by gov't to explore Louisiana Territory • May 1804- expedition left Missouri • December 1805- reached Pacific ocean (Oregon) • September 1806- Returned to Missouri • New geographical features – Rocky Mountains – Yellowstone National Park – Pacific Ocean • New Animals • Grizzly Bears • Vultures • Cougars Sacajawea
  10. 10. Sacajawea
  11. 11. Zebulun Pike • Army officer leads 2 expeditions 1. 1805 Expedition – Upper Mississippi River 2. 1806-7 Expedition – Cross Great Plains to Colorado Rockies – Discovered Pike's Peak • Turn southward to Mexico
  12. 12. Indians & Northwest Territory Indian • land belongs to everyone • grow whatever crops you need • hunt only what you need for food White Man • land ownership important • Indians wasting land – more crops – more hunting – more use of resources
  13. 13. Battle of Fallen Timbers • Mad Anthony Wayne – G. Washington appoints him in a campaign to crush Indians – Lewis, Clark, & Zebulun also fight in battle • Treaty of Greenville- Indians surrender southern half of Ohio
  14. 14. Tecumseh and his Bro • "the Prophet" • message from "Master of Universe" – rejecting white man's lifestyle – must unite to fight against white man • Chief adversary of Harrison • Lead Indian challenge against United States • Trained warrior • Father and brother killed in battle against whites • Fearless and honorable – Never tortured prisoners – Never attacked women & children • Convinced Indians to unite against whites
  15. 15. Battle of Tippecanoe • Harrison & Tecumseh meet in 1810 – Could reach no agreement – War was inevitable • While Tecumseh away, Harrison camps near Prophetstown, Indiana • Prophet leads attack on whitemen • Whitemen win battle and run off Indians – heavy loss of life • Tecumseh returns to find Prophetstown destroyed and burned down

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