Steven Milauskas

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Steven Milauskas' presentation from the "Shifting Seasons: Great Lakes Forest, Industry, Products, and Resources Summit." Title: "Trends related to wood utilization and forestry products in the fields of outreach, interactive training, and technical assistance."

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  • Birthplace of Bob Denver (Gilligan’s Island) Sen. Robert Byrd
  • Presented by Mark Barford, NHLA, 2011 Int’l Hardwoos Conf. VT.Wood industry has suffered greatly over the last few years.Despite falling employment and production, productivity has continued to improve (SURVIVAL).Increasing exports (mainly to China) to survive.
  • Productivity based on index of output by labor. Output=product value indexed.
  • Deere, every new model has to show real improvement in productivity, efficiency, uptime. Verification.
  • Projects, workshops, webinars.EAB utilization issues – Dan Twardus / Ed CesaRESHORING - Albany Industries, $2.5 m plant in Galax, Va King’s Group (Asia), $25m plant in Marion, INAmerica's Great Outdoors Proposal by the Trust For Public Lands and the Northern Forest Center.Goal: To create a national model of integrated efforts in forest conservation, economic development, green economy ,forest products economy,utilization of wood energy, enhancing jobs in the nature-based tourism industry, andMaintaining a stable base of forestland through landowner incentives and permanent conservation.  
  • Steven Milauskas

    1. 1. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Shifting Seasons College of Menominee Nation June 7, 2012 Steve Milauskas, Director
    2. 2. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry WERC States - Eastern Hardwoods 162 Million Acres are in the Eastern Hardwood Forest Type 93% total Eastern forest = private + other public 83% total Eastern forest = private only
    3. 3. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Wood Education and Resource Center Main Office, Training Annex, Shop and Rough Mill
    4. 4. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry WERC’s Mission  Enhance opportunities for sustained forest products production in the eastern hardwood forest region of the United States, by fostering interaction and information exchange with the forest products industry
    5. 5. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry WERC’s Primary Goals  Improve knowledge, skills, and capacity of workforce and management  Increase communication, cooperation, and collaborative problem solving  Improve efficiency in manufacturing and utilization  Promote sustainable use of woody biomass for energy and products  Promote local and regional wood products business and employment by leasing gov. owned facilities & equipment.
    6. 6. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry WERC’s Mission & Goals Audience:  Primary Hardwood Manufacturing Industry (sawmills and related businesses)  Secondary Hardwood Manufacturing Industry (furniture, kitchen cabinets, flooring, pallets, moulding, architectural woodworking, etc.)  Entrepreneurs, Small wood businesses, Woody biomass businesses, Arborists
    7. 7. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry WERC Cluster Public / Private Partnerships Facilities – offices, training, Work force - labor manufacturing WERC Forest Resources Infrastructure Training Research Technology Investment Capital Transfer
    8. 8. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry WERC Promotes:  Tech transfer that is: practical, applied, creative and useful  Shorter-term projects with immediate industry impacts  Innovation & problem solving  Regional economic development
    9. 9. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry WERC Capacity  Training & manufacturing facilities  Technical assistance  Grants opportunity  Current & past biomass projects  Dedicated staff
    10. 10. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private ForestryWERC’s Competitive Grant Program  One key to implementing mission and goals  Funded and partnered on a wide array of projects  WERC has funded 185 projects in 26 states since 2005 ($11.5 million), not including biomass conversion feasibility studies.  Grants Budget – approx. $1 million last five years  Overall WERC budget down 65% since FY2008
    11. 11. WERC FY 2011 Grant Awards Project Org. State Award Direction1 Reinventing Hardwood Markets NCSU NC 78,149 WERC2 Educational Outreach – Business skills NCSU NC 28,975 WERC3 Vacuum Ash Treatments for Pests VA Tech. VA 50,993 WERC4 Hardwood Processing Efficiency WVU WV 69,968 WERC5 Thermowood Forum UMN MN 10,140 WERC6 Black Ash Basket Marketing ME Indian Alliance ME 70,000 WERC7 Multi-State Boiler Assessment SE MI RC&D MI 70,000 WO8 Renewable Heating – Job Corps Glacierland RC&D WI 70,000 WO9 Wood Fired Heating & Cooling DC Council Of Gov. DC 350,000 WO10 Wood Systems-User Group Needs No. Country RC&D NH 41,900 WO11 Biofuels Workshop NCSU NC 23,435 WO/WERC12 Green Product Innovations WVU WV 62,475 WO/WERC13 PA 2011 TPO Survey PA BOF PA 91,425 WO/CARP14 Mechanized Biomass Harvesters MO Forest Fndn. MO 35,800 WO/WERC15 Sustainable Energy-Bldg. Profess. BTEC DC 70,064 WO/WERC16 Community Biomass Assmt. Tools NY Farm Viability I. NY 39,892 WO/WERC
    12. 12. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Funded WERC Projects  Log & lumber scanning  Use of underutilized species  Plastic/wood composites  Lean Manufacturing research & training  Marketing handbooks & training  Log bucking training  China Import / export conference
    13. 13. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Funded WERC Project Examples Utilization of ash infested with emerald ash borer
    14. 14. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Emerald Ash Borer Invasion
    15. 15. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Firewood sanitation issues – reducing the threat of spreading invasive species  Heat Sterilization of Ash Firewood for Thermal Eradication of EAB  Heat Treatment of Firewood – Meeting Phytosanitary Requirements  http://spfnic.fs.fed.us/w erc/finalrpts/07-DG- 114.pdf
    16. 16. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Funded WERC Projects Wood Manufacturing Skill Standards, Evaluations, & Credentials Madison Area  Industry-approved standards for the Tech. College woodworking profession Monona Grove  Skill standards developed by Woodwork Career H.S. Madison West Alliance as a means to support the woodworking H.S. industry in preparing productive workers Monroe H.S.  Many partners and volunteers involved to bring DeLeers this effort to reality via Woodwork Career Millwork Wisconsin Alliance of North America Built (http://woodworkcareer.org) Burger Boat  Architectural Woodwork Institute – FS grantee
    17. 17. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry 4. Funded WERC Projects
    18. 18. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry
    19. 19. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry
    20. 20. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Wood Energy Technical Assistance  Preliminary feasibility assessments  Schools, hospitals, commercial buildings, industrial buildings Sullivan County School District Elementary and High School Complex March 9, 2010
    21. 21. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Funded WERC Projects  Establishing Long-Term Fuel Supply Agreements for Wood Energy Facilities - Empire State Forest Products Assoc. - insight on establishing long-term supply agreements for wood energy facilities. - Two business models identified: * Diesel Fuel Adjustment * Financing of Biomass Prod. Equip. http://spfnic.fs.fed.us/werc/finalrpts/07-DG-105.pdf
    22. 22. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Funded WERC Projects  Using Industrial Clusters to Build an Urban Wood Utilization Program: A Twin City Case Study - St. Paul/Minneapolis, MN - Summarize wood utilization activities http://www.dovetailinc.org/reportsview/2010/sustaina ble-forestry/pdr-steve-bratkovichp/urban-wood- utilization-and-industrial-cl
    23. 23. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry District Energy – St. Paul/Minneapolis  District heating – 185 buildings & 300 homes  District cooling – 95 buildings  90 megawatts – clean wood chips
    24. 24. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Funded WERC Projects  Indiana Forest Products Community - On-line industry directory - http://www.indianaf orestproducts.com/
    25. 25. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Webinars  Ash urban wood utilization  Energy cost impacts on hardwood manufacturing  Mineral stain in red oak  Community wood reclaimation  Vacuum steam treatment of wood pallets  Life cycle inventory tools  Mechanized processing of urban trees  Making wood pallets  Carbon storage in wood products  Computer technologies in furniture making  Biomass utilization seminars - many in the last year
    26. 26. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Other Items of Interest  Urban Forest Products Alliance Linked- in Group  Quarterly webcasts on ash-urban wood utilization (July 10, 2012)  WERC Update Newsletter  Manufacturing and Marketing Lumber and Related Products Using Thin-Kerf Sawmills by Dan Cassens, Purdue University
    27. 27. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry
    28. 28. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Funded WERC Projects  Project information location- WERC web site: http://spfnic.fs.fed.us/werc/p_search.cfm
    29. 29. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Where are we?
    30. 30. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Reasons for Change
    31. 31. 2002ALL EMPLOYEES, THOUSANDSUSDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry US DOL BLS EMPLOYMENT Industry: Wood products NAICS Code: 321 Productivity The wood product manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups: Sawmills and Wood Preservation: NAICS 3211 Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing: NAICS 3212 Other Wood Product Manufacturing: NAICS 3219
    32. 32. NAICS Code: 337Data Type: ALL EMPLOYEES, THOUSANDSUSDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry US DOL BLS EMPLOYMENT Industry: Furniture and related products NAICS Code: 337 The furniture and related product manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups: Household and Institutional Furniture and Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturing: NAICS 3371 Office Furniture (including Fixtures) Manufacturing: NAICS 3372 Other Furniture Related Product Manufacturing: NAICS 3379
    33. 33. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry US DOL BLS EMPLOYMENT Industry: Paper and paper products NAICS Code: 322 Productivity Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills: NAICS 3221 Converted Paper Product Manufacturing: NAICS 3222
    34. 34. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry US DOL BLS EMPLOYMENT Industry: Forestry & Logging NAICS Code: 113
    35. 35. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Re-shoring, Expansion, Start-up Furniture Expos featuring “Made in USA.” (Las Vegas, Highpoint, Lancaster, PA) Lincolnton Furniture, NC. 55 employees to 180. Stanley Furniture, NC. $4 M upgrade. Vaughan Basset, VA. $8M purchase & upgrade, 630 employees. Kimball Hospitality, IN. new mfc. La-Z-Boy added 3 new US production lines. To replace off-shore. Ashley furniture, NC. New $80M facility to employ 1,100. 1st quarter exports of hardwood lumber up 8.6% over 2011. Hancock Lumber, ME. 25% production to export, no layoffs at 3 mills.
    36. 36. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Implications  Wood industry jobs recovery?  Re-shoring?  Productivity trend implications? Employment vs. competitiveness  Sustainable forest management-wood industry- cultural & socio economic trends  Skilled labor availability? Less participation in workforce with high unemployment.  Federal & state budgets - intense funds competition  Training & education focus is shifting
    37. 37. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Training & Education Challenges: • Industry & organizations must see value • Attracting people to on-site training • Funding expenses • Relevance in a perceived shrinking industry Opportunities: • Increased emphasis on webinars • Training in conjunction with other events • Technology transfer through web-sites • Education through partnerships
    38. 38. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Training & Education Training is now much more than teaching a worker how to operate a machine
    39. 39. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry Training & Education  Mass customization  Lean manufacturing & productivity  Community support – branding, certification, local jobs, sustainable forestry  Value-added-products and marketing  Lifetime skills development – worker through mgt.  Strategic alliances – industry, gov’t, communities, NGO’s  Creativity & innovation = the future  Education + raw material + creativity + people + skills + capital + government policies + ???? = potential success.
    40. 40. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry WERC Roles– including biomass  Technical assistance – wood processing & biomass  Facilitator roles  Information clearinghouse / web-site  Leadership on cutting edge and current issues in wood utilization & marketing – invasives, urban, green, jobs, etc.  Industry re-shoring – new opportunities & workforce needs – woodworking Career Alliance  Hardwood check-off program  Local/regional economic development  Integrated program efforts across landscapes .
    41. 41. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry WERC - Looking Ahead  Continue 35 state hardwood industry focus  Focus on hardwood industry sustainability  Enhanced woody biomass utilization role –Wood Energy Assistance Program  Economic dev. efforts (local / regional / 35 states)  Workshops & webinars – on site & other locations  Partnerships – internal & external  Competitive Grants Program?
    42. 42. USDA FOREST SERVICE State and Private Forestry For more information contact: Steve Milauskas, Director E-mail: smilauskas@fs.fed.us http://www.na.fs.fed.us/werc/

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