Landscape Architecture Portfolio


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Academic landscape architecture portfolio of Charles McDowell.

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Landscape Architecture Portfolio

  1. 1. CHARLES MCDOWELLCHARLES MCDOWELLlandscape architecture portfolio
  2. 2. design philosophy“There is a love of wild nature in everybody, an ancient mother-love showing itselfwhether recognized or no, and however covered by cares and duties.” - John MuirIn every person there is an appreciation and respect for the natural environment. This comesfrom a primitive relationship with the environment that some may have forgotten, ignored, ornever experienced, but it is still rooted deep within us. Through design, it is possible to provide anenvironment in which people can reconnect to that basic relationship with nature. Each projecthas a unique opportunity to reveal and expose the local environmental and cultural conditions tothe users. In this way people can reconnect with nature through their own personal experienceand learn to appreciate and respect the natural environment in their own way.An extended version of the portfolio can be accessed at:
  3. 3. brush creek eco-park 1 mks watershed plan 2 north rainier t.o.d. 3 colorado lights 4sand turn scenic overlook 5 construction drawings 6 hand graphics 7 photography 8
  4. 4. The Brush Creek Corridor was the focus of a study to assess the impacts ofurbanization on stream systems and to explore what designers can do to mitigatethose impacts. Through research and precedent studies, the following four projectgoals were determined for the Brush Creek Corridor: Improve local environmentalconditions through ecological design; Connect the corridor for improved pedestrianuse; Educate users to the environmental benefits of ecological design; Revealand interpret ecological processes and phenomena through design. The projectprocess included a corridor study which was used to determine the site for designexploration and the design of the site addressing the project goals.Proposed design solutions are represented by two different alternatives, each responding to thesame design concept but envisioned in unique ways. Alternative 1 is a more costly solution to thedesign problem and would involve a greater amount of maintenance up front and over the long run. InAlternative 1, the site is manipulated significantly to amplify the users experience. Alternative 2 is lesscostly since the site is manipulated minimally and much is done to utilize vegetational changes withinthe existing context. Material and maintenance estimates were provided as to compare and contrastthe two design ideas.The report, in its entirety can be viewed at: ArcGIS, Google Sketchup, AutoCAD Civil 3D, Adobe Illustrator & Photoshopbrush creek eco-parkkansas city, missouri
  5. 5. REVEAL urban stream corridor 1new ecologies for an
  6. 6. proj IMPROVE local environmental conditions through ecological design manage localized flooding to reduce flash flooding increase stormwater infiltrationurban improve water quality within brush creekstream EX DEFINE PL OR experiences beliefs opportunities challenges objectives ethics biases family E interests education goals CH ARdilemma a SE RE design process september project schedule description30 prece intent st
  7. 7. jject goals CONNECT the corridor for EDUCATE users to the REVEAL and interpret ecological improved pedestrian use environmental benefits of processes and phenomena ecological design through design create a design language that can be implemented target selected user groups that could have a promote environmental stewardship subconsciously throughout the corridor potential association with the project through experience improve access to the corridor link up with existing environmental improvement explore new means for conveying environmental goals and initiatives education link the existing corridor projects implement innovative strategies for environmental allow users to create their own relationship with the education natural world in a designed setting DEVELOP refine concepts explore solutions PRODUCE diagram review expand CONCEPT site exploration conceptual design presentation document case study graphics refine document design text PRELIMINARY DEFEND INVENTORY . ANALYSIS analysis exploration program corridor study case study goals site study stream reach classification goals key questions key questions methodology methodology site identification site potential site program REFINE APPLY competition january 17 - 31 finalist stage febuary 21 - march 31 ULI COMPETITION november december january january october march april april inventory final final finaledent analysis document 07/ 17 story document28 annotated 11 document 02 document11/ 25tudies 11 program15 . review board 21 design outline text . defense
  8. 8. improve vulnerability analysis ¯ 0 500 1,000 2,000 ,0 0 000 3,000 4,000 1 inch = 2500 feet 25 500 0 Feet Feeet corridor corridor analysis 2connect suitability analysis ¯ 0 500 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 Feet 1 inch = 2500 feet and s ynthes ¯ is 0 500 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 Feeteducate suitability analysis 1 inch = 2500 feet historic stream alignment
  9. 9. study boundary 1 3 site selection and prioritization terrain analysis slope analysis viewshed analysis
  10. 10. alternative one hig bu bru bru bru bru igh igh igh hwa h a1 parking area ce e r. e r. e r. e r.2 rain garden a a ay 7 r. co3 bioswale on on w w t w t w t wat nc nc4 open green space 1 1 1 1/ co co5 primary walkway o or kins i in in6 plaza d d d d co7 constructed wetland driv8 elevated outlook area ur ur ur ur r e ri e9 pedestrian bridge t 10 e e e10 deck overlook11 wetlands12 lowland area 11 9 9 5 8 7 6 9 woodland 8 1 3 oodland 4 dland dland dland dland dland dland dland dland dl d dla d l d l d l d l d l d l 2 sw p parkwa swope parkway 3 9 avenue aven
  11. 11. vegetation zonesem anu el c lea ver II b oul eva rd 12 area of flood inundation proposed stream alignment
  12. 12. proposedexisting
  13. 13. 9 3 6 2 w w od wood wood wood woodl nd woodland 1 aven aven e avenue t t t t ur co c c c rd or or or nccocc 5 proposed stream alignment area of flood inundation vegetation zones
  14. 14. alternative two h h h h hig bru r c r c r c hw hw hw hwa h ce 1 parking area r. 2 rain garden y7 y7 y7 y 71 w w w wa wat 3 bioswale 4 open green space k k k s kins / / / / / 5 vegetated filter strip 6 plaza d v d v d v driv 7 constructed wetland 8 elevated outlook area e 9 pedestrian bridge 10 wetlands 11 stormwater collection area off of bridge 10 12 lowland area em anu el c7 lea ver II b oul eva rd 8 11 124 93swop pa k aswope parkway
  15. 15. rain garden bioswale
  16. 16. d lanes upupop slo lan sl pe d s bioswale upland transit ional brush creek
  17. 17. watershed planmanhattan, kansasManhattan, Kansas will grow by over twenty thousand people in the next ten years due to the relocation ofthe National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility and the initiation of the Base Realignment and Closure whichwill effect the military base at Fort Riley. Currently Manhattan’s community plan and vision will not handlethis increase in population effectively. The current political boundaries are not consistent with watershedboundaries. Existing zoning and subdivision boundaries cross watersheds, making it difficult to effectivelymanage water resources. There is little evidence of environmental stewardship in the community, illustratedby the inadequate protection of agricultural and open space areas. There is an extensive park and trailnetwork within the existing city but there is a lack of connectivity.The solution to the design problem is a framework for planning by watershed which highlightsthe concepts of preserving natural and cultural resources, including the prairie ecosystem andagricultural lands, while promoting stewardship through community education. Through streamsetbacks, and land use proposals a set of typologies have been created to set the framework fornew development within the watersheds of Manhattan, Kansas.The design team consisted of three landscape architecture graduate ArcGIS, AutoCAD, Adobe Illustrator & Photoshop
  18. 18. 2IMKS
  19. 19. food sources stream classificationeducationwildlife corridorstrailsland use
  20. 20. ! ! ! ! ! ! !schools and parks agricultural lands flood prone areas big blue river parkland buffer type 1 kansas state university buffer type 2 existing schools, food markets buffer type 3 existing trails conservation land city proposed trails agricultural land proposed trails urban land existing city of manhattanproposedland use plan
  21. 21. trail trail stream type 3 residential stream stream residential development buffer buffer development • native vegetation 50 ft. setback 50 ft. setback • stormwater retrofits • stormwater best • wildlife corridor • native prairie grasses • transitional buffer areas management practices • trails • woodlands • pedestrian connectivity • low impact development • healthy ecosystem • wetlands • runoff managed in watershed trail trail stream type 2 kansas state university stream stream kansas state university agriculture land i l l d buffer buffer agriculture land i l l d 100 ft. setback 100 ft. setback • wildlife corridor • native prairie grasses • trails • woodlands • healthy ecosystem • wetlands 500 year floodplain 100 year floodplain trail trail trail trail trail natural outdoor classroom community community area and green space agriculture green space riverfront stream stream wetlands commercial park buffer buffer • stormwater management produce agriculture • community events • passive recreation 300 ft. setback stream type 1 300 ft. setback • stormwater treatment • highly fertile soil • community celebrations • active recreation • wildlife corridor • native prairie grasses • restored ecosystem • vegetable and fruit • community center • community involvement • trails • woodlands production • agriculture education • environmental education • healthy ecosystem • wetlands • local employmentland use typology sections
  22. 22. output buffer naturalfunction output buffer parklandbuffer output buffer agriculturestream output buffer urbanization bmp bmp residential development • native vegetation • stormwater retrofits • stormwater best • transitional buffer areas management practices • pedestrian connectivity • low impact development • runoff managed in watershed
  23. 23. The challenge for the 2011 Urban Land Institute/Gerald D. Hines Student UrbanDesign Competition was to redevelop the 33.5 acre site as a transit orienteddevelopment that is focused on improving multi-modal transportation, carbonneutrality, stormwater management, cultural identity, and creating a profitablemarket.The interdisciplinary team was comprised of three landscape architecture graduate students,one architecture graduate student, and a business graduate student who’s emphasis was in realestate. The Competition Stage was a two week period where the team focused on a conceptualstrategy to address the project needs while creating a unique urban environment focused aroundthe Mount Baker Transit Station on Rainier Boulevard.The concept for the Rainier Transit Oriented Development was based on the local and regionaljuxtaposition between the city, the land, and the water. Through research, our team discovered that, in thepre-developed history of the site, a large stream draining the valley, existed and was eventually piped intoan underground drainage network. The design proposal reconstructs and exposes the idea of the streamthat flows through the site. Although the proposal does not daylight the underground stream, the proposalcollects all on-site stormwater in a corridor which symbolizes the historical Marker, ArcGIS, Google Sketchup, AutoCAD, Adobe Illustrator & Photoshopnorth rainier t.o.d.seattle, washington
  24. 24. urban land institute 3gerald d. hines student urban design competition
  25. 25. design process dprocess design psign process des design process
  26. 26. designprocesssign pro 7 7 8 design 8 9 5 7 1 mt. baker light rail station 6 2 elevated office campus - ground level bus transfer station 3 iconic pedestrian bridge 4 north rainier square 4 5 stormwater stream corridor 6 rooftop agriculture plot 7 residential tower 8 residential node 9 art studios and boardwalk 3 2 1
  27. 27. terrain analysis historic hydrology overlay slope analysis 10 y 0 75 150 ArtSpace Collaboration Sustainable building typology creating housing opportunities including balconies and setbacks for for artists in the Seattle region shading, daylighting, and ventilation while considering solar orientation Greenroofs Rainier Boulevard Building atrium vegetated roofs increase biodiversity, a green corridor connecting to downtown provides natural ventilation Seattle, creating a pedestrian environment that infiltrate water, and reduce the heat and sunlight supports multi-modal transportation island effect Site Section Linear greenway Stormwater planter Stormwater cisterns Geo-exchange thermal systems text structured network that collects collect stormwater runoff buildings uses ground source temperature to for greywater usesustainable initiatives stormwater runoff filtering and 0 25 50 100 150 200 efficiently heat and cool structures infiltrating water
  28. 28. walking network analysis300 450 600 transit times from north rainier t.o.d. Art space boardwalk main art space contianing studios, galleries, and exhibit spaces Photovoltaic panels provides renewable energy to powers electric charging station Rooftop garden in carpark provides produce to in- building grocery store 5 minute walk with transit 10 minute walk with transit 5 minute bike with transit 10 minute bike with transit light rail station central link light rail line Bioswale north rainier t.o.d. collects stormwater runoff filtering and infiltrating water mount baker light rail station Urban stream corridor Structured parking increasing biodiversity, collect on-site stormwater supporting residential and retail needs runoff, filtering and infiltrating water, sequestering carbon, and providing and urban aesthetic
  29. 29. colorado lights denver, coloradoColorado Lights is an outdoor mall located within a mixed-use development at 9th Ave. and Colorado downtown Denver, Colorado. This development encompasses approximately twelve blocks formerly thesite of the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.The project was broken into two phases, the first being to determine site potential by designing amixed-use development while retaining existing historical or iconic buildings for adaptive reuse. Thesecond phase of the project was to look at a specific site within the redevelopment to design in moredetail.Colorado Lights is a linear outdoor mall surrounded by mixed-use retail and residential units.The focal point of the space is a low wall that undulates both horizontally and vertically. Thewall is lit from within with LED lights that can be programed to change the lighting schemethroughout the night. Running directly along side the wall is a bioswale which collects allthe water that runs off of the plaza. Water is also taken from the surrounding buildings andchannelled across the walkways through grates into the bioswale. The vibrancy and activityof Colorado Lights makes it a unique place within downtown Denver and creates a newsense of place for the entire Colored Pencil, Google Sketchup, AutoCAD, Adobe Illustrator & Photoshop
  30. 30. 4
  31. 31. bios ale developm nt s bioswale development s bi l d l t k l and al a wall k k k ketch t e tc e d wledled s s
  32. 32. detail planlongitudinal section
  33. 33. LED wall concept sketches
  34. 34. detail sectionmaterials section
  35. 35. The Sand Turn Scenic Overlook is the proposed location of the Highway 14 ForestPortal for the northeast entry of Bighorn National Forest in Wyoming. The proposalincludes a pedestrian oriented overlook with interpretive signage, a trail head for aproposed short loop trail, as well as the siting of a new toilette facility.The pedestrian overlook responds to the lines and geographic formations of the surroundingmountain landscape. Users can view informational signage as they drive up, from their cars, orthey can walk to the viewing area where they have a better view and can read more informationabout the Powder River Basin and surrounding context. The overlook has three viewing areasthat can be directly accessed from the parking area. These areas support elevated viewing andallow for access to a short trail. The viewing area located at the bottom of the ramp and stairs hassignage integrated into the barrier walls and allows users to move closer to the edge of the site forunobstructed ArcGIS, Google Sketchup, Pen & Inksand turn scenic overlookbighorn national forest
  36. 36. 5
  37. 37. concept sketches
  38. 38. construction drawingsmanhattan, kansas
  39. 39. 6
  40. 40. dimensioning and layout plan
  41. 41. Section 2+51.75 Sub Cut Area(s) sq.ft. Sub Fill Area(s) sq.ft. K (Cut in Fill Area) C1 318.53 F1 360.83 K1 14.06 C2 3324.85 F2 173.80 K2 0.00 C3 Section 1535.38 2+51.75 F3 0.00 K3 0.00 TotalSub Cut Area(s)Area Sub Cut sq.ft. Sub Fill Area(s) sq.ft. Total Sub Fill Area K (Cut in Fill Area) Total K Area = C2 C1 C1..C10 318.53 F1 5178.76 360.83 K1 = F1..F10 14.06 534.63 = K1..K10 14.06 3324.85 F2 173.80 K2 0.00 C3 1535.38 F3 0.00 K3 0.00 Total Sub Cut Area for K Adjusted Total Sub Fill Area Total K Area 5178.76 534.63 14.06 Total C1..C10 K Cut Area = Sub Adjusted for = F1..F10 5192.82 = K1..K10 Total Sub Cut Area 5192.82 =( C1..C10)+( K1..K10) =( C1..C10)+( K1..K10) Section Vertical Exaggeration 10.00 Section Vertical Exaggeration 10.00 Section VerticalArea Corrected Sub Cut Exaggeration sq.ft. 519.28 Corrected Sub Fill Area sq.ft. 10.00 Section Vertical Exaggeration 53.46 10.00 =Total Cut / Vert.Exag. =Total Cut / Vert.Exag. Corrected Sub Cut Area Corrected Sub Fill Area sq.ft. 519.28 sq.ft. 53.46 =Total Cut / Vert.Exag. =Total Cut / Vert.Exag. Corrected Sub Cut Average SubSub Cut Area for Cut Volume Distance sq.ft.Cut AreaSub Cut VolumeVolume Sub Cut Volume Corrected Sub Cut Average Sub Distance Sub Cut Sub Cut Volume Sub Cut Volume for Sections Areas Between cu.ft. cu.yds. Areas sq.ft. 2+51.75 Between sq.ft. 519.28 = (Sta1+Sta2) / 2 Sections cu.ft. =Avg Cut Area * Dist. cu.yds. =Cut Volume / 27 Sections sq.ft. = (Sta1+Sta2)2+90.60 /2 706.57 612.93 Sections Sub Fill Area 38.85 23812.17 =Avg Cut Area * Dist. 881.93 =Cut Volume / 27 Sub Fill Volume for Corrected Sub Fill Average Distance Sub Fill Volume Sub Fill Volume 2+51.75 519.28 Sections Areas sq.ft. Between cu.ft. cu.yds. 612.93 2+51.75 sq.ft. 38.85 53.46 = (Sta1+Sta2) / 2 23812.171105.91 Sections 881.93 =Fill Volume / 27 2+90.60 706.57 2+90.60 3.47 28.47 38.85 40.96 Sub Fill Volume for Corrected Sub Fill Average Sub Fill Area Distance Sub Fill Volume Sub Fill Volume Areas sq.ft. Between cu.yds. Sections cu.ft. sq.ft. = (Sta1+Sta2) / 2 Sections =Fill Volume / 27 2+51.75 53.46 28.47 38.85 1105.91 40.96 2+90.60 3.47grading plan earthwork estimation
  42. 42. hand graphics
  43. 43. 7
  44. 44. photography
  45. 45. 8
  46. 46. professional projectsgrand boulevard streetscape plan . kansas city, missourituscaloosa forward - detail area planning and design . tuscaloosa, alabamarebuildspringfield - final document production . springfield, massachusettssand turn scenic overlook . bighorn national forest, wyomingranger creek campground . bighorn national forest, wyoming
  47. 47. CHARLES MCDOWELL 7305 nw tomahawk ln • platte woods, mo 64151 • usa phone. 816.878.3965 • e-mail. charlesmmcdowell@gmail.comwebsite.
  48. 48. CHARLES MCDOWELL7305 nw tomahawk ln • platte woods, mo 64151 • usaphone. 816.878.3965 • e-mail. charlesmmcdowell@gmail.comwebsite.