OFT - pr2_multimedia

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OFT - pr2_multimedia

  1. 1. Lesson 2: Effective use of Multimedia
  2. 2. Lesson Objectives <ul><li>After completing this Lesson, participants will: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the pros and cons of various media. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize how multimedia affects human learning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify good uses of text, pictures, audio, and animation within a multimedia presentation. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is Multimedia <ul><li>The use of different media to convey information; text together with audio, graphics and animation. </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia is usually presented in either linear or non-linear form. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linear active content progresses without any navigation control for the viewer such as a cinema presentation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-linear content offers user interactivity to control progress as used with a computer game or in online training. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Importance of Online Multimedia Using the right type of media for each situation is an important component of effectively facilitating a course. In a study conducted by Alexander and McKenzie (1998) on how the uses of information technologies benefits student learning, they concluded that the use of interactive multimedia animations, simulations, and micro-worlds improved understanding of concepts, which students are known to have difficulty with in a range of disciplines.
  5. 5. Pros and Cons of Multimedia <ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive Websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia Presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs, Podcast, Vodcasts, Wikis </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Principles of Multimedia Presentations Empirical Results Practical Application Multimedia Principle: Students learn better from words and pictures. On screen animations, slide shows, and narratives should involve both written text, spoken dialog, and images. An apple is a fruit. Example:
  7. 7. Principles of Multimedia Presentations Empirical Results Practical Application Spatial Contiguity Principle: Students learn better when corresponding words and images are presented near rather than far from each other. Relating images to text should be close or embedded within the image. An apple is a fruit. Example:
  8. 8. Principles of Multimedia Presentations Empirical Results Practical Application Temporal Contiguity Principle: Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented simultaneously rather than successively. When presenting text and images, they should be show together at the same time. Example: An apple is a fruit.
  9. 9. Principles of Multimedia Presentations Empirical Results Practical Application Coherence Principle: Students learn better when extraneous words, images, and sounds are excluded. Multimedia presentations should focus on clear and concise. The use of “bells and whistles” can impede student learning. Example (of what not to do): An apple is a fruit.
  10. 10. Examples – See for Yourself <ul><ul><li>YouTube – http://www.youtube.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SlideShare - http://www.slideshare.net/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flickr - http://www.flickr.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Search - http://search.creativecommons.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>* Most of these media sites have embed codes that allow you to embed and display them within Blackboard. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Closure In this lesson, you learned how to use multimedia to stimulate the brain for the purpose of increasing learning retention.

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