ANCIENT ROMEVOCABULARYMrs. Miles’ Social Studies Class
ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Republic-- Type of government in which people elect leaders to make laws for them. Senate--A council of rich and powerful Romans who helped run the city. Citizens--People who could take part in the government
ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Empire--Government that includes many different people and lands under a single rule. Pax Romana--Roman peace that lasted about 200 years. Plebeian--A member of the common people.
ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Patrician--A person of noble or high rank; aristocrat. Pantheon--A temple dedicated to all the gods. Latins--Group that founded Rome in 753 BC
ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Baths--Roman baths were part of the day-to-day life in Ancient Rome. Aqueducts--Channels used to carry water over long distances Circus Maximus (Latin for large circus)--is an ancient Roman chariot racing stadium. The largest circus in ancient Rome which held 180,000 spectators.
ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Chariots--A light, two-wheeled vehicle for one person, usually drawn by two horses and driven from a standing position. Legions--A division of the Roman army, usually comprising 3000 to 6000 soldiers. Mt. Vesuvius-- A volcano in Campania, near Naples, Italy, whose eruption in A.D. 79 destroyed Pompeii
ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Barbarian--An uncivilized person-Vikings Coliseum– (originally the Flavian Amphitheatre) is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering.
ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY The Forum--place located between the Palatine Hill and the Capitoline Hill in Rome. It is located in the area around which the ancient Roman civilization developed. The oldest and most important structures of the ancient city were located in or near the Forum.
ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Rome--City in Italy that was established in the year 753 BC by a group called the Latins. Carthage--City in North Africa Julius Caesar--Roman Emperor
ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Octavian--Roman’s first emperor- given new name-Augustus Hannibal-- Carthaginian general who crossed the Alps and invaded Italy Constantine--Roman emperor 324–337: named Constantinople as the new capital; legally sanctioned Christian worship