Ancient Rome Vocab


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Ancient Rome Vocab

  1. 1. ANCIENT ROMEVOCABULARYMrs. Miles’ Social Studies Class
  2. 2. ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Republic-- Type of government in which people elect leaders to make laws for them. Senate--A council of rich and powerful Romans who helped run the city. Citizens--People who could take part in the government
  3. 3. ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Empire--Government that includes many different people and lands under a single rule. Pax Romana--Roman peace that lasted about 200 years. Plebeian--A member of the common people.
  4. 4. ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Patrician--A person of noble or high rank; aristocrat. Pantheon--A temple dedicated to all the gods. Latins--Group that founded Rome in 753 BC
  5. 5. ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Baths--Roman baths were part of the day-to-day life in Ancient Rome. Aqueducts--Channels used to carry water over long distances Circus Maximus (Latin for large circus)--is an ancient Roman chariot racing stadium. The largest circus in ancient Rome which held 180,000 spectators.
  6. 6. ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Chariots--A light, two-wheeled vehicle for one person, usually drawn by two horses and driven from a standing position. Legions--A division of the Roman army, usually comprising 3000 to 6000 soldiers. Mt. Vesuvius-- A volcano in Campania, near Naples, Italy, whose eruption in A.D. 79 destroyed Pompeii
  7. 7. ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Barbarian--An uncivilized person-Vikings Coliseum– (originally the Flavian Amphitheatre) is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering.
  8. 8. ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY The Forum--place located between the Palatine Hill and the Capitoline Hill in Rome. It is located in the area around which the ancient Roman civilization developed. The oldest and most important structures of the ancient city were located in or near the Forum.
  9. 9. ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Rome--City in Italy that was established in the year 753 BC by a group called the Latins. Carthage--City in North Africa Julius Caesar--Roman Emperor
  10. 10. ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY Octavian--Roman’s first emperor- given new name-Augustus Hannibal-- Carthaginian general who crossed the Alps and invaded Italy Constantine--Roman emperor 324–337: named Constantinople as the new capital; legally sanctioned Christian worship