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Is A Corporate Criminal Profile Possible


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Is A Corporate Criminal Profile Possible

  1. 1. Systematic Differentiation Between Dark and Light Leaders: Is a Corporate Criminal Profile Possible? Prepared By Christie Husted
  2. 2. It’s an Interesting Time We Live In <ul><li>The phenomenon formally known as corporate crime in the late 1990’s and early 2000 took America by surprise and has left us questioning our financial security for years to come. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving us to question: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How could this happen? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most importantly, why did this happen? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Process of Inquiry <ul><li>Inquiry is a cyclical process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A question is asked through a desire for answers, curiosity or the need for a solution to a problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The desire to seek answers leads to exploration and hypothesis creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothesis leads to investigation in an attempt to find an answer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigation leads to new knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New knowledge leads to further inquiry </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. So Now What? <ul><li>An idea is only an idea until it is tested. </li></ul><ul><li>How do you test something that you believe hasn’t been tested before? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No precedence to draw upon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No prescribed definitions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No predetermined criteria and/or procedure </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No instrumentation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of Information relating to the subject matter </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unwilling or unavailable participants </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Overcoming the Hurdles It’s Not All Black or White Scientific Method <ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Validity </li></ul>Explanatory Coherence The theory is deemed to have explanatory coherence when it explains a greater range of facts than its predecessors, makes few assumptions and is supported by analogies to theories that scientists already find credible. (Haig, 1995, ¶ 25) Quantitative Qualitative
  6. 6. The Answers <ul><li>There is a difference between Dark and Light Leaders. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark Leaders are Sociopathic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark Leaders are Psychopathic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark Leaders lack Emotional Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Components of the Dark Leadership Framework Explain Dark Leadership </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Dark Leadership Framework
  8. 8. Additional Findings <ul><li>Personality characteristics alone do not cause Dark Leadership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deregulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expectation to Achieve and Maintain Success </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralized </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grey Directors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Limitations <ul><li>There was a lack of archival data to assess Light Leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Much of the information found on the Light Leaders referenced Jim Collins’ work, which was potentially biased </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emotional Intelligence Scale questions were based on cognitive processes, which could not be discerned through overt behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Time constraints </li></ul>
  10. 10. Suggestions <ul><li>Testing the instrumentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Testing the profile </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring Cognitive Aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kohlberg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Looking at early childhood </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traumatic Events </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Testing Environmental Factors </li></ul>
  11. 11. Looking to the Future <ul><li>The relevance of the research can be found in the events taking place today </li></ul><ul><li>There appears to be a historical pattern with common factors of politics, lobbying and deregulation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Slide Presentation is a Summary of the Following Publication All Rights are Reserved Husted, Christie L. (2008) Systematic differentiation between Dark and Light Leaders: Is a corporate criminal profile possible? Ph.D. dissertation, Capella University, United States -- Minnesota. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from Dissertations & Theses @ Capella University database. (Publication No. AAT 3330328).