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Grammar handbook

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Grammar handbook

  1. 1. Grammar Book <br />CarlotaDavis<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents <br />Preterite <br />Trigger Words <br />Car Gar Zar <br />Spock <br />Cucaracha<br />Snake Verbs <br />Snakey Verbs <br />Imperfect <br />Trigger Words <br />Irregulars <br />Preterite vs. Imperfect <br />Ser vs. Estar<br />13. Verbs like Gustar <br />14. Comparatives/ Superlatives <br />15. Transition/Connecting Words <br />16. Future <br />17. Trigger Words <br />18. Irregulars <br />19. Por/Para <br />20. Por Expressions <br />21. Para Expressions <br />
  3. 3. Prederite <br /> AR <br />a amos<br />aste<br />o aron<br /> ER/IR <br />iimos<br />iste<br />ioieron<br />
  4. 4. Pretérito Trigger Words <br />Ayer: Yesterday<br />Estanoche: <br />Tonight<br />Hace dos días: <br />Two days ago<br />El miércoles : <br />On Wednesday<br />Unavez: <br />One time/Once<br />Anteayer: Day <br />before yesterday<br />El lunespasado: <br />Last Monday<br />Unavez: <br />One time/Once<br />Durante dos siglos: <br />During two centuries<br />El día anterior: <br />The day before<br />A lasocho: <br />At 8 o'clock<br />Ayer por la mañana: Yesterday morning<br />El otrodía: <br />The other day<br />Desde el primer momento: <br />From the first moment<br />Entonces: Then<br />
  5. 5. Car Gar Zar <br />Verbs that end in Gar in the Preterite change the g to gu in the yo form <br />Verbs that end in Car in the Preterite change the c to qu in the yo form <br />juguéjugamos<br />jugaste<br />jugójugaron<br />busqué buscamos<br />buscaste<br />buscó buscaron<br />Verbs that end in Zar in the Preterite change the z to c in the yo form <br />crucé cruzamos<br />cruzaste<br />cruzó cruzaron<br />
  6. 6. Spock Hand<br />Irregular Preterite Forms <br />I<br />R<br />V<br />E<br />R<br />D<br />A<br />R<br />Vi <br />Viste <br />Vio <br />Vimos <br />Vieron <br />S<br />E<br />R<br />Fui <br />Fuiste <br />Fue<br />Fuimos <br /> Fueron <br />Di<br />Diste <br />Dio <br />Dimos <br />Dieron <br />HACER<br />Hice <br />Hiciste <br />Hizo <br />Hicimos<br />Hicieron <br />
  7. 7. Cucaracha Verbs <br />Tenertuv<br />Venirvin<br />Conducirconduj<br />Producirproduj<br />Traducirtraduj<br />Decirdij<br />Traer traj<br />Andaranduv<br />Estarestuv<br />Poderpud<br />Poner pus<br />Quererquis<br />Saber sup<br />
  8. 8. Snake Verbs <br />Snake verbs change in the third person preterite. They change from an i to an e. <br />PedíPedimos<br />Pediste<br />PidióPidieron<br />
  9. 9. Snakey Verbs <br />LeíLeímos<br />Leíste<br />LeyóLeyeron<br />Snakey Verbs are verbs that in the preterite change from an i to a y in the third person singular and plural. <br />
  10. 10. Imperfect <br />AR<br />aba<br />abas<br />aba<br />abamos<br />aban<br />ER/IR<br />ia<br />ias<br />ia<br />íamos<br />ían<br />
  11. 11. Imperfecto Trigger Words <br />Siempre: Always<br />Todos los días/ Cadadía: <br />Every day<br />A menudo: <br />Often<br />De vez en cuando: <br />Occasionally<br />Cadames: <br />Every month<br />Muchasveces: <br />Many times<br />Casisiempre: <br />Almost always<br />Mientras: <br />While<br />Por un rato: <br />For awhile<br />Variasveces: <br />Several times<br />En aquellaepoca: <br />At that time<br />Nunca: <br />Never<br />Generalmente: <br />Generally<br />Frecuentemente: <br />Frequently<br />A veces: <br />Sometimes<br />
  12. 12. Imperfect Irregulars <br />Ir<br />iba<br />ibas<br />iba<br />íbamos<br />iban<br />Ser<br />era<br />eras <br />era <br />erámos<br />eran<br />Ver<br />veía<br />veías<br />veía<br />veíamos<br />veían<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Health<br />O<br />Emotion<br />C<br />Origin<br />iendo<br />ando<br />T<br />Location<br />O<br />R<br />Present Condiction<br />D-Description <br />O- Occupation <br />C-Characteristics <br />T- Time <br />O- Origin <br />R- Relationship<br />P- Possession <br />E-Event <br />D- Direction <br />
  15. 15. Verbs Like Gustar <br />Aburrir<br />Encantar<br />Faltar<br />Fascinar<br />Importar<br />Interesar<br />Molestar<br />Quedar<br />Caerbien/mal <br />Disgustar<br />Hacerfalta<br />Procupar<br />Soprender<br />Aptecer<br />When gustar and verbs like gustar are followed by one or more verbs in the infinitive the singular form of gustar or a verb like gustar is used. <br />“A” comes before the subject of the sentence when a verb like gustar is being used. <br />Example: A Adela le enconta la musica de Shakira. <br />
  16. 16. Comparatives/Superlatives<br />Superlatives=definite article+noun+mas(menos)+adjective+de<br />Example: Felipe es el chico más inteligente en la clase. <br />Comparatives <br />Más… que- more than <br />Menos… que- less than <br />Tan…como- as…as <br />Tanto…como- as much <br />Example: Ana esmásaltaque Jessica. <br />
  17. 17. Transition/Connector Words<br />Sin embargo/ no obstante-nevertheless<br />Pero- But <br />
  18. 18. El Futuro<br />Yo- infinitive+é<br />Tu- infinitive+ás<br />El/Ella/Usted- infinitive+á<br />Nosotros- infinitive+emos<br />Vosotros- infinitive+éis<br />Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas- infinitive+án<br />
  19. 19. Future Trigger Words<br />En el futuro<br />En el futuro <br />Próximo<br />Mañana<br />
  20. 20. Future Irregulars <br />Dar-dir <br />Hacer- har<br />Poner- pondr<br />Salir- saldr<br />Tener- tendr<br />Caber- cabr<br />Valer- valdr<br />Poder- podr<br />Querer-quer<br />Saber- sabr<br />Haber- habr<br />Vendir- vendr<br />
  21. 21. Por<br />PORtal- Passing through <br />PORtugal- general rather than specific location <br />PORever- how long something lasts <br />PORpuse- the cause of something <br />imPORT/exPORT- an exchange <br />I am POR, pay for me- doing something in place of or instead of something else <br />transPORtation- a means of transportation <br />Para<br />Surprise PARAty- for whom something is done <br />PARAguay- destination <br />PARAchute- the purpose for which something is done <br />PARAdon me- the express an opinion <br />comPARA- the compara or contrast <br />PARAmedic- to express idea of deadline <br />
  22. 22. Por Expressions <br />Por adelantado- in advance<br />Por ahora- fornow<br />Por allí- aroundthere<br />Por aquí- aroundhere<br />Por favor- please<br />Por ejemple- forexample<br />Por desgracia- unfortunately<br />Por completo- completely<br />Por lo tanto- consequently<br />Por mi padre- as for me <br />Por otra parte- ontheotherhand<br />Por suerte- fortunately<br />Por todas partes- everywhere<br />Por todosladias- onallsides<br />Por último- finally <br />
  23. 23. Para Expressions <br />Para siempre- forever<br />Para abajo- downward<br />Para que?- Why? <br />Para variar- justfor a change<br />Para que- so that, in orderto<br />Para esa época- bythat time <br />Estar para- tobeaboutto<br />Para entonces- bythat time<br />Para detrás- backward<br />Para otra vez- foranotheroccasion<br />Ser tal para cual- betwo of a kind<br />Para adelante- forward <br />

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